Thoma (scholar)
Thoma (died 1127), also called Habiba of Valencia, was an Arab Andalusian scholar known for writing several authoritative books on grammar and jurisprudence. Very little is known about her life.
Thoma (scholar) - Wikipedia
Pedro Fernández de Ovando
Pedro Fernández de Ovando (or de Fuencalada) (Fuente Encalada (or Fuencalada) – 1184) was with the Spanish military and a nobleman.
Pedro Fernández de Ovando, native of Fuente Encalada (or F...
Pedro Fernández de Ovando - Wikipedia
Hugo of Santalla
Hugo of Santalla was a significant translator of the first part of the 12th century. From Arabic originals, he produced Latin translations of texts on alchemy, astronomy, astrology and geomancy. He i...
Jacob ben Reuben (rabbi)
Jacob ben Reuben was a Spanish rabbi and polemicist of the twelfth century. In response to attacks by the convert Petrus Alphonsi, he wrote the Sefer Milhamot Adonai ("Book of the Wars of the Lord"). ...
Pedro Alfonso
Pedro Alfonso or Alfónsez (Latin: Petrus Adefonsi; floruit 1126–1173) was an Asturian magnate, dominating the region from 1139 until his death. He had vast landholdings in the Asturias, the provin...
Rodrigo Gutiérrez Girón
Rodrigo Gutiérrez Girón (died 1193) was a magnate and ricohombre from Palencia who played a key role in the Medieval history of the Iberian Peninsula. He was the first one of his lineage to add Girón ...
Rodrigo Gutiérrez Girón - Wikipedia
Urraca of León and Castile
Urraca (April 1079 – 8 March 1126) was Queen of León, Castile, and Galicia, and claimed the imperial title as suo jure Empress of All the Spains from 1109 until her death in childbirth, as well as Em...
Urraca of León and Castile - Wikipedia
John of Seville
John of Seville (Latin: Johannes Hispalensis or Johannes Hispaniensis) was the main translator from Arabic into Castilian together with Dominicus Gundissalinus during the early days of the Toledo Sch...
Maria Torribia
Blessed Maria Torribia (d. 1175) was a Spanish peasant woman who is believed to have married Saint Isidore. She herself was eventually beatified by the Roman Catholic Church, and is known in Spain as...
Maria Torribia - Wikipedia
Elvira of Toro
Elvira (Elvira de Toro; 1038/9 – 15 November 1101) was a Leonese infanta and the Lady of Toro, Zamora, the daughter of Ferdinand I of León and Castile and Sancha of León, and granddaughter-names...
Elvira of Toro - Wikipedia
Peter I of Aragon and Navarre
Peter I (1068/9 – 27x29 September 1104) was the King of Aragon and Navarre for a decade from 1094 until his death. He was the son and successor of Sancho V Ramírez by his first wife, Isabella of Urgel...
Peter I of Aragon and Navarre - Wikipedia
Olegarius
Saint Olegarius Bonestruga (from Germanic Oldegar, Latin: Ollegarius, Oligarius, Catalan: Oleguer, Spanish: Olegario; 1060 – 6 March 1137) was the Bishop of Barcelona from 1116 and A...
Olegarius - Wikipedia
Rahel la Fermosa
Rahel la Fermosa (Ladino for "Rachel the Beautiful"; originally Rahel Esra; c. 1165, Toledo – 1195, Toledo) was a Jewish woman who lived in Toledo, Spain in the twelfth century. She was the paramour o...
Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile
Blanche of Navarre (aft. 1133, Laguardia, Álava – August 12, 1156) was Queen of Castile, the daughter of King García Ramírez of Navarre and his first wife Margaret of L'Aigle.Blanche married San...
Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile - Wikipedia
Aimery II of Narbonne
Aimery II (or Aimeric II) (died 17 July 1134) was the Viscount of Narbonne from around 1106 until his death. He was the eldest son of Aimery I of Narbonne and Mahalt (also Mahault or Mafalda), daughte...
Aimery II of Narbonne - Wikipedia
Zerachiah ha-Levi of Girona
Zerachiah ben Isaac Ha-Levi Gerondi (Hebrew: זרחיה הלוי), called the ReZaH, RaZBI or Baal Ha-Maor (author of the book Ha-Maor) was born about 1125 in the town of Girona, Spain – hence the name Gerondi...
Pedro Manrique de Lara
Pedro Manrique de Lara (died January 1202), commonly called Pedro de Molina and usually known in French sources as Pierre de Lara, was a Castilian nobleman and military leader of the House of Lara. Al...
Pedro Manrique de Lara - Wikipedia
Alfonso VIII of Castile
Alfonso VIII (11 November 1155 – 5 October 1214), called the Noble or el de las Navas, was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in th...
Alfonso VIII of Castile - Wikipedia
Alfonso VI of León and Castile
Alfonso VI (before June, 1040 – June 29/July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was King of León from 1065, King of Castile and de facto King of Galicia from 1072. After th...
Alfonso VI of León and Castile - Wikipedia
Isidore the Laborer
Isidore the Farm Labourer, also known as Isidore the Farmer (Spanish: San Isidro Labrador) (c. 1070 – 15 May 1130), was a Spanish farmworker known for his piety toward the poor and animals. He is ...
Isidore the Laborer - Wikipedia
Pelayo Rodríguez (majordomo)
Pelayo Rodríguez was the majordomo of Alfonso VI of León and Castile from about 1102 to 1107. He is first mentioned in that office in a charter of 16 March 1104, and the last reference to him as major...
Don García (Grand Master of Calatrava)
Don García (b. ? Navarre - d. ?) was the first Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava from 1164 to 1169 and was responsible for the foundation of many of the order's rules and battle traditi...
Manrique Pérez de Lara
Manrique Pérez de Lara (died 1164) was a magnate of the Kingdom of Castile and its regent from 1158 until his death. He was one of the most important counsellors and generals of three successive Casti...
Manrique Pérez de Lara - Wikipedia
Judah ben Barzillai
Judah ben Barzillai (Albargeloni) was a Catalan Talmudist of the end of the 11th and the beginning of the 12th century. Almost nothing is known of his life. He came of a very distinguished family, on ...
Rodrigo Pérez de Traba
Rodrigo Pérez de Traba (floruit 1111–1158/65), called el Velloso ("the Hairy"), was a Galician magnate whose career corresponds to the entire period from the coronation of Alfonso VII as co-ruler of L...
Rodrigo Pérez de Traba - Wikipedia
Alfonso the Battler
Alfonso I (1073/1074 – 7 September 1134), called the Battler or the Warrior (Spanish: el Batallador), was the king of Aragon and Navarre from 1104 until his death in 1134. He was the second ...
Alfonso the Battler - Wikipedia
John the Hermit
Juan de Ortega, better known as Saint John the Hermit (c. 1050 – 1143), was born near Burgos, Spain, and became a priest at a young age. As he was returning by sea from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, his ...
Peter of Toledo
Peter of Toledo was a significant translator into Latin of the twelfth century. He was one of the team preparing the first Latin translation of the Qur'an (the Lex Mahumet pseudoprophete).While not mu...
Judah ben Joseph ibn Ezra
Judah ben Joseph ibn Ezra (in Hebrew, Yehuda ben Yosef ibn Ezra) was a Jew of Granada, Spain who lived in the twelfth century and rose to favour under Alfonso VII of León and Castile, eventually becom...
Reverter de La Guardia
Reverter I de La Guardia (?-1142 or 1144), viscount of Barcelona, was a Catalan adventurer and military leader who defended the Almoravid caliphate in North Africa against the Almohad onslaught.He was...
Reverter de La Guardia - Wikipedia