Diploma Andreanum
The Diploma Andreanum, or Goldener Freibrief der Siebenbürger Sachsen (English: Golden Charter of Transylvanian Saxons), was issued by Andrew II of Hungary in 1224, granting provisional autonomy to co...
Diploma Andreanum - Wikipedia
Peace of Canterbury
During the Second Barons' War, the Peace of Canterbury was an agreement reached between the baronial government led by Simon de Montfort on one hand, and Henry III of England and his son and heir Edwa...
Red Book of the Exchequer
The Red Book of the Exchequer (Liber Rubeus or Liber ruber Scaccarii, P.R.O. E164/2, ed. Hall 1896) is a 13th-century manuscript compilation of the records of the English Exchequer. Made of vellum, th...
Summa Theologica
The Summa Theologiae (written 1265–1274 and also known as the Summa Theologica or simply the Summa) is the best-known work of Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274). Although unfinished, the Summa is "one of ...
Summa Theologica - Wikipedia
Mise of Amiens
The Mise of Amiens was a settlement given by King Louis IX of France on 23 January 1264 in the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons, led by Simon de Montfort. Louis' on...
Mise of Amiens - Wikipedia
Críchad an Chaoilli
Críchad an Chaoilli is a medieval Irish text.
Written in Middle Irish sometime between 1100–1300, Críchad an Chaoilli is a topographical text that takes its title from its opening verse:The rest o...
Treatise on Law
Treatise on Law is St. Thomas Aquinas' major work of legal philosophy. It forms questions 90-108 of the Prima Secundæ ("First [Part] of the Second [Part]") of the Summa Theologiæ, Aquinas' masterwork ...
Golden Bull of 1222
The Golden Bull of 1222 was a golden bull, or edict, issued by King Andrew II of Hungary. King Andrew II was forced by his nobles to accept the Golden Bull (Aranybulla), which was one of first example...
Golden Bull of 1222 - Wikipedia
Golden Bull of 1242
The Golden Bull of 1242 was a golden bull or edict, issued by King Béla IV of Hungary to inhabitants of Gradec (part of today's Zagreb in Croatia) during Mongol invasion of Europe. By this golden bull...
Golden Bull of 1242 - Wikipedia
Contra Errores Graecorum
Contra errores Graecorum, ad Urbanum IV Pontificem Maximum (Against the Errors of the Greeks, to Pope Urban IV) is a short treatise (an "opusculum") written in 1263 by Roman Catholic theologian Saint ...
Expositiones vocabulorum biblie
The Expositiones Vocabulorum Biblie (Exposition of Bible Words) is a hand-written, parchment book in Latin written (or inspired) by the 12th century clergyman William Brito (Guillaume le Breton). It i...
Studenica Typicon
Studenica Typikon or tipik (Студенички типик) is a Serbian Orthodox typicon written in 1208 by Saint Sava (Rastko Nemanjić), the first Archbishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church, son of powerful 12th c...
Studenica Typicon - Wikipedia
Summa contra Gentiles
The Summa contra Gentiles, also known as the Summa contra Gentes, is one of the best-known books by St Thomas Aquinas. It has traditionally been dated to around 1260-1264, though more recent scholarsh...
Hundred Rolls
The Hundred Rolls are a census of England and parts of what is now Wales taken in the late thirteenth century. Often considered an attempt to produce a second Domesday Book, they are named for the hu...
Second Barons' War
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against Royalist forces led by Prince Edward (later Edward I of En...
Mammotrectus super Bibliam
Mammotrectus super Bibliam ("nourisher on the Bible") of John Marchesinus is a guide to understanding the text of the Bible. It is one of the most important Franciscan school texts of the later Middle...
Mammotrectus super Bibliam - Wikipedia
Vox in Rama
Vox in Rama (Latin: A voice in Rama) is a papal bull issued by Pope Gregory IX in either 1232, 1233 or 1234 condemning a German heresy known as Luciferian, a form of devil worship. The bull was is...
Vox in Rama - Wikipedia
Bratko Menaion
Bratko Menaion (Братков минеј) is a 13th-century Serbian liturgical calendar book (menaion), written Serbian Orthodox monk-scribe by the name of Bratko. It is the oldest menaion in Serbian literature...
Periculoso
Periculoso (named for its Latin incipit, meaning dangerous) was a papal decretal of Pope Boniface VIII issued in 1298, that required the claustration of Catholic nuns. It is often incorrectly referred...
Periculoso - Wikipedia
Ystoria Mongalorum
Ystoria Mongalorum is a report, compiled by Giovanni da Pian del Carpine, of his trip to the Mongol Empire. Written in the 1240s, it is the oldest European account of the Mongols. Carpine was the firs...
Mise of Lewes
The Mise of Lewes was a settlement made on 14 May 1264 between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons, led by Simon de Montfort. The settlement was made on the day of the Battle of Lewes,...
Mise of Lewes - Wikipedia
Dictum of Kenilworth
The Dictum of Kenilworth, issued 31 October 1266, was a pronouncement designed to reconcile the rebels of the Barons' War with the royal government of England. After the baronial victory at the Battle...
Dictum of Kenilworth - Wikipedia
Dering Roll
The Dering Roll is the oldest English roll of arms surviving in its original form. It was made between 1270 and 1280 and contains the coat of arms of 324 knights, starting with two illegitimate childr...
Dering Roll - Wikipedia
Provisions of Oxford
The Provisions of Oxford are often regarded as England's first written constitution (although the Magna Carta and earlier law codes such as that of King Æthelberht of Kent are also significant). Insta...