Philip III of France
Philip III (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold (French: le Hardi), was a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1270 to 1285.Philip proved indecisive, soft in nature, and timid. ...
Philip III of France - Wikipedia
Maghnus Ó Conchobair
Maghnus mac Conchobair Ruadh Ua Conchobair was King of Connacht in Ireland. He was a member of the Clan Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair lineage. He ousted his brother.
Maghnus Ó Conchobair - Wikipedia
Andronikos II Palaiologos
Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος), known in modern scholarship as Andronikos II Palaiologos, Latinized as Andronicus II Palaeol...
Andronikos II Palaiologos - Wikipedia
Llywelyn the Great
Llywelyn the Great (Welsh: Llywelyn Fawr, [ɬəˈwɛlɨn vaur]), full name Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, (c. 1172 – 11 April 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd in north Wales and eventually de facto ...
Llywelyn the Great - Wikipedia
King John and Matilda
King John and Matilda is a Caroline era stage play, a historical tragedy written by Robert Davenport. It was initially published in 1655; the cast list included in the first edition is provides valuab...
Isaac II Angelos
Isaac II Angelos or Angelus (Greek: Ισαάκιος Β’ Άγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos; September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.His father An...
Isaac II Angelos - Wikipedia
Constantine Laskaris
Constantine Laskaris (Greek Κωνσταντίνος Λάσκαρης) was Byzantine Emperor for a few months from 1204 to early 1205.
Constantine Laskaris was born of a noble but not particularly renowned Byzantine ...
Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair
Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair (or Cathal O'Connor / O'Conor) (1153–1224), the youngest son of the Irish High King Tairrdelbach mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, was a King of Connacht.He was King of Connac...
Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia
Henry Raspe (German: Heinrich Raspe) (1204 – 16 February 1247) succeeded his nephew Hermann II as Landgrave of Thuringia in central Germany in 1241; he later was elected anti-king in 1246–1247 in ...
Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia - Wikipedia
Berke
Berke Khan (died 1266) (also Birkai; Mongolian: Бэрх хаан, Tatar: Бәркә хан) was the ruler of the Ulus of Jochi or Kipchak Khanate who effectively consolidated the power of the Blue Horde and ...
Guillaume d'Ercuis
Guillaume d'Ercuis (1265 — 1314/15) was the almoner to King Philip III of France and the tutor of his son, King Philip IV. He was a royal notary, and, as one of the King's men, a canon of the cathedra...
Vasily of Kostroma
Vasily Yaroslavich (1241–1276) was a Grand Duke of Vladimir. The youngest son of Yaroslav II, he was given Kostroma by his uncle Svyatoslav III in 1246. As the eldest surviving grandson of Vsevolod II...
Vasily of Kostroma - Wikipedia
Dafydd ap Llywelyn
Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c. March 1212 – 25 February 1246) was Prince of Gwynedd from 1240 to 1246. He was the first ruler to claim the title Prince of Wales.
Though birth years of 1208, 1206, an...
Rögnvaldr Óláfsson (d. 1249)
Rögnvaldr Óláfsson (Norwegian: Ragnvald, English: Ranald or Reginald, Old Norse: Rǫgnvaldr; died 30 May 1249) was a mid-thirteenth-century King of Mann and the Isles who was assassinated after a reign...
Rögnvaldr Óláfsson (d. 1249) - Wikipedia
William the Lion
William the Lion (Mediaeval Gaelic: Uilliam mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Uilleam mac Eanraig), sometimes styled William I, also known by the nickname Garbh, "the Rough", (c. 1143 – 4 December 1214...
Vukan Nemanjić of Serbia
Vukan Nemanjić (Serbian Cyrillic: Вукан Немањић, [ʋǔkan ně̞maɲit͡ɕ]; before 1165 - after 1207) was the Grand Prince of the Grand Principality of Serbia from 1202 to 1204. He was the Grand Prince o...
Vukan Nemanjić of Serbia - Wikipedia
Ivan II of Bulgaria
Ivan II (Bulgarian: Иван II, or Йоан II, Ioan II, also styled inconsistently Ivan IV or Ioan IV), reigned as emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1298 to 1299. The date of his birth is unknown, but pro...
Ivan II of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Stefan the First-Crowned
Stefan Nemanjić (Serbian: Стефан Немањић, [stêfaːn němaɲitɕ]) or Stefan the First-Crowned (Стефан Првовенчани/Stefan Prvovenčani, [stêfaːn prʋoʋěntʃaːniː]; around 1165 – 24 September 1228) was Gr...
Stefan the First-Crowned - Wikipedia
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250), was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. His political and cultural ambitions, ba...
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia
Yury of Moscow
Yuriy Danilovich, also known as Georgiy Danilovich (Юрий Данилович in Russian) (1281 – November 21, 1325) was Prince of Moscow (1303–1325) and Grand Prince of Vladimir (from 1318).Yury was the o...
Yury of Moscow - Wikipedia
The Troublesome Reign of King John
The Troublesome Reign of King John (c. 1589) is an Elizabethan history play, probably by George Peele, that is generally accepted by scholars as the source and model that William Shakespeare employed ...
The Troublesome Reign of King John - Wikipedia
Béla IV of Hungary
Béla IV (1206 – 3 May 1270) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1235 and 1270, and Duke of Styria from 1254 to 1258. Being the oldest son of King Andrew II, he was crowned upon the initiative...
Béla IV of Hungary - Wikipedia
Ragnvald Godredsson
Rǫgnvaldr Guðrøðarson (died 14 February 1229), also known in Old Norse as Rögnvaldr Guðrøðarson, and in Gaelic as Raghnall mac Godhfhraidh, Raghnall mac Gofhraidh, Raghnall Ua Gofraidh an Mhearáin, an...
Ragnvald Godredsson - Wikipedia