Kasim Pasha
Kasim Pasha or Kasem Pasha (fl. 1442–43) was the beylerbey of Rumelia in the Ottoman Empire and one of the commanders of the Ottoman forces during the Crusade of Varna in 1443 and 1444.When Rume...
Emine Hatun
Emine Hatun (c. 1389 – c. 1449) was the third wife of the Ottoman sultan Mehmed I, valide sultan to their son Murad II, and the grandmother of Mehmed the Conqueror.
She was married to Mehmed I in ...
Marfa Boretskaya
Marfa Boretskaya, also known as Martha the Mayoress (Russian: Марфа Посадница - Маrfa Posadnitsa), was the wife of Isaac Boretsky, Novgorod's posadnik in 1438-1439 and again in 1453. According to ...
Marfa Boretskaya - Wikipedia
Lazar the Serb
Lazar (Serbian: Лазар, Russian: Лазарь), also known as Lazar the Serb or Lazar the Hilandarian ( 1404), was a Serbian Orthodox monk who invented and built the first known mechanical public clo...
Lazar the Serb - Wikipedia
Fei Xin
Fei Xin (Chinese: 费信; ca. 1385 - after 1436) was a member of the military personnel of the fleet of the Ming dynasty admiral Zheng He, known as the author of a book about the countries visited by...
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Ayşe Hafsa Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; Ottoman Turkish: عائشہ حفصہ سلطان‎; 5 December 1479 – 19 March 1534), or in short, Hafsa Sultan,...
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan - Wikipedia
Zheng He
Zheng He (1371–1433), formerly romanized as Cheng Ho, was a Hui court eunuch, mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming Dynasty. Zheng commanded expeditionary voyages to...
Zheng He - Wikipedia
Patriarch Maximus IV of Constantinople
Maximus IV (Greek: Μάξιμος Δ΄), previously known as Manasses (Greek: Μανασσής), was an Orthodox Christian monk and bishop. He was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1491 to 1497.
...
Patriarch Maximus IV of Constantinople - Wikipedia
Muhammad Ali Astarabadi
Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn Ali al-Astarabadi was a 15th-century Persian physician from Astarabad, Golestan, Iran.In 1427, he wrote his well-known commentary on Jaghmini's summary of The Canon of Medicine...
Muhammad Ali Astarabadi - Wikipedia
Azari Tusi
Azari-e Tusi (Persian: آذری طوسی‎) Shaikh Jalaluddini Alii Hamza ibni Malik Hashimii Bayhaqii Isfarainii Marvazi (1380 Esfarayen – 1462 Esfarayen) was a Persian poet. Azari-e Tusi lived for a wh...
Hatefi
Hatefi, 'Abd-Allah (Persian: هاتفی‎) was a Persian poet (1454–1521) and nephew of Abdul Rahman Jami.
He was born around 1454 at Khargerd, a village on the outskirts of the Khorasanian town J...
Hatefi - Wikipedia
Elijah Mizrachi
Elijah Mizrachi (Hebrew: אליהו מזרחי) (c. 1455 – 1525 or 1526) was a Talmudist and posek, an authority on Halakha. He is best known for his Sefer ha-Mizrachi, a supercommentary on Rashi's commen...
Ayşe Hatun I
Gülbahar Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: گل بهار خاتون; c. ? – 19 November 1505), Gül-Bahar Hatun was the eighth wife of Sultan Bayezid II and the mother of Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire.
Devlet Hatun
Devlet Hātûn (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Daulat Hātûn Hazretleri, Ottoman Turkish: دولت شاه خاتون, c. ? - c, January 1414) (Daulat meaning "State"), also known as Devlet, was the twelfth wife of ...
Gazi Evrenos
Evrenos or Evrenuz (Gazi Hadji Evrenos Bey; d. at 17 November 1417 in Yenice-i Vardar) was an Ottoman military commander, with an unlikely long-lived career and lifetime. He served as general under Sü...
Gazi Evrenos - Wikipedia
Turahan Bey
Turahan Bey or Turakhan Beg (Turkish: Turahan Bey/Beğ; Albanian: Turhan Bej; Greek: Τουραχάνης, Τουραχάν μπέης or Τουραχάμπεης; died in 1456) was a prominent Ottoman military commander and...
Turahan Bey - Wikipedia
Isidore (inventor)
Isidore (Russian: Исидор) was a 15th-century Russian Orthodox monk from Chudov Monastery in Moscow, credited with producing the first genuine recipe of Russian vodka circa 1430, a fact later recog...
Isidore (inventor) - Wikipedia
Sultan Cem
Sultan Cem or Cem Sultan (December 22, 1459–February 25, 1495) ([ˈd͡ʒem sulˈtɑːn]; Ottoman Turkish: جم), also referred to as Jem Sultan, or Jem Zizim by the French, was a pretender to the Ottoman ...
Sultan Cem - Wikipedia
Ali Qushji
Ala al-Dīn Ali ibn Muhammed (1403 – 16 December 1474), known as Ali Qushji (Ottoman Turkish/Persian language: علی قوشچی, kuşçu - falconer in Turkish; Latin: Ali Kushgii) was an astronomer, mathe...
Ali Qushji - Wikipedia
Mordecai Comtino
Mordecai ben Eliezer Comtino (lived at Adrianople and Constantinople; died in the latter city between 1485 and 1490) was a Turkish Jewish Talmudist and scientist.The earliest date attached to any of h...
Nizam al-Din Yahya
Nizam al-Din Yahya (c. 1417 – October 1480) was the Mihrabanid malik of Sistan from 1438/1439 until his death. He was the son of Shams al-Din 'Ali.
Nizam al-Din gained the throne of Sistan after h...
Qutb al-Din Muhammad ibn Shams al-Din Shah 'Ali
Qutb al-Din Muhammad (c. 1366 – February 11, 1419) was the Mihrabanid malik of Sistan from 1403 until his death. He was the son of Shams al-Din Shah 'Ali.
Qutb al-Din's father had served as the ma...
Qutb al-Din Muhammad ibn Shams al-Din Shah 'Ali - Wikipedia
Skender Pasha
İskender Pasha Mihaloğlu (Turkish: Mihaloğlu İskender Paşa, Bosnian: Skender-paša Mihajlović; fl. 1478–1504), known simply as Skender Pasha, was the sanjakbey of the Bosnian Sanjak in period 1...