Renaissance Papacy
The Renaissance Papacy was a period of papal history between the Western Schism and the Protestant Reformation. From the election of Pope Martin V of the Council of Constance in 1417 to the Reformatio...
Renaissance Papacy - Wikipedia
Western Schism
The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. Several men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope. Driven by politics rather than any theologica...
Western Schism - Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Diocese of Casale Monferrato
The Diocese of Casale Monferrato (Latin: Dioecesis Casalensis) is a Roman catholic diocese in northwest Italy, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vercelli which forms part of the ecclesiastical region ...
Roman Catholic Diocese of Casale Monferrato - Wikipedia
Pope Leo X
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521. The second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentin...
Pope Leo X - Wikipedia
Jean Gerson
Jean Charlier de Gerson (13 December 1363 – 12 July 1429) was a French scholar, educator, reformer, and poet, Chancellor of the University of Paris, a guiding light of the conciliar movement and one o...
Jean Gerson - Wikipedia
Creator Omnium
Creator Omnium is bull issued by Pope Eugene IV in 1434 which excommunicates anyone who enslaves Christians of the Canary Islands.
Christianity had gained many converts in the Canary Islands by th...
Antipope Benedict XIV

Benedict XIV was the name used by two closely related minor antipopes of the 15th century. The first, Bernard Garnier became antipope in 1424 and died ca. 1429. The second, Jean Carrier, became a...
Antipope Benedict XIV - Wikipedia
Synods of Westminster
Synods of Westminster. Under this heading are included certain of the more important ecclesiastical councils held within the present bounds of London. Though the precise locality is occasionally uncer...
Pope Paul II
Pope Paul II (Latin: Paulus II; 23 February 1417 – 26 July 1471), born Pietro Barbo, was Pope from 30 August 1464 to his death in 1471.
Paul was born in Venice, a nephew of Pope Eugenius IV (1...
Pope Paul II - Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaunas
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Kaunas (Latin: Archidioecesis Kaunensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Lithuania. It is based in Kaunas, ...
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaunas - Wikipedia
Diego de Arana
Diego de Arana (Cordoba, Spain, 1468 - Haiti, 1493) was governor of the first documented Spanish settlement in the New World, at La Navidad. He was a sailor of Castile who accompanied Christopher Colu...
Diego de Arana - Wikipedia
Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter
Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter (10 August 1439 – 14 January 1476) was the first child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. She was thus an elder...
Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter - Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Valencia
The Archdiocese of Valencia (Latin, Valentina) is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory located in north-eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, part of the autonomous community of Valencia. The ar...
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Valencia - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1406
Papal conclave of November 18 to November 30, 1406, the papal conclave of the time of the Great Western Schism, convened after the death of Pope Innocent VII. It elected Cardinal Angelo Correr, who un...
Papal conclave, 1406 - Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Diocese of Ceuta
The Catholic diocese of Ceuta, first Portuguese and afterwards Spanish, existed from 1417 to 1879. It was a suffragan of the Patriarchate of Lisbon until 1675, with the end of the Iberian Union, when...
Roman Catholic Diocese of Ceuta - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1492
The papal conclave of 1492 (6–11 August 1492) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII (25 July 1492). It was the first conclave to be held in the Sistine Chapel.Cardinal Rodrigo Borja was e...
Papal conclave, 1492 - Wikipedia
Aslak Bolt's cadastre
Aslak Bolt's cadastre (Norwegian: Aslak Bolts jordebog; written 1432–1433) is a Norwegian cadastre, a detailed register of properties and incomes of the Archdiocese of Nidaros. The document ...
Aslak Bolt's cadastre - Wikipedia
Council of Constance
The Council of Constance is the 15th century ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, held from 1414 to 1418. The council ended the Three-Popes Controversy, by deposing or accepting...
Council of Constance - Wikipedia
Antipope Alexander V
Alexander V (Latin: Alexander PP. V, Italian: Alessandro V; also Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges, ca. 1339 – May 3, 1410) was antipope during the Western Schism (1378–1417). He reigned fro...
Antipope Alexander V - Wikipedia
Antipope Clement VII
Robert of Geneva (1342 – 16 September 1394) was elected to the papacy as Clement VII by the French cardinals who opposed Urban VI, and was the first antipope residing in Avignon, France.
He was th...
Antipope Clement VII - Wikipedia
Rinaldo Brancaccio
Rinaldo Brancaccio (died March 27, 1427) was an Italian cardinal from the 14th and 15th century, during the Western Schism. There were other members of his family created cardinals : Landolfo Bra...
Rinaldo Brancaccio - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1464
Papal conclave 1464 (August 28–30, 1464) convened after the death of Pope Pius II, elected as his successor cardinal Pietro Barbo, who took the name Pope Paul II.
Pope Pius II died on August 14, 1...
Papal conclave, 1464 - Wikipedia
Avignon Papacy
The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377, during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon, in France, rather than in Rome. This situation arose from the conflict between the Papacy a...
Avignon Papacy - Wikipedia
Councils of Aix-en-Provence
Councils of the Roman Catholic Church were held at Aix-en-Provence in 1112, 1374, 1409, 1585, 1612, 1838, and 1850. In that of 1612 the Gallican work of Edmund Richer, De la puissance ecclésiastique e...
Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II (Latin: Iulius II; 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope", born Giuliano della Rovere, was Pope from 1 November 1503 to his death ...
Pope Julius II - Wikipedia
Council of Pisa
The Council of Pisa was an unrecognized ecumenical council of the Catholic Church held in 1409 that attempted to end the Western Schism by deposing Benedict XIII (Avignon) and Gregory XII (Rome). Ins...
Council of Pisa - Wikipedia