19th-century French people by occupation
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19th-century mathematicians by nationality
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French mathematicians
19th-century French mathematicians
Jean-Marie Duhamel
Jean-Marie Constant Duhamel (Saint-Malo, February 5, 1797 – Paris, April 29, 1872) was a French mathematician and physicist. His studies were affected by the troubles of the Napoleonic era. He w...
Jean-Marie Duhamel - Wikipedia
Maximilien Marie de Ficquelmont
Charles-François-Maximilien Marie de Ficquelmont (1819 − 1891) was a French mathematician, historian of mathematics and military officer, famous for resolving one of the most difficult problem of equa...
Maximilien Marie de Ficquelmont - Wikipedia
François Arago
Dominique François Jean Arago (Catalan: Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago ([fʁɑ̃swa aʁaɡo]; Catalan: Francesc Aragó, [fɾənˈsɛsk əɾəˈɣo]) (1786–1853), was a French math...
François Arago - Wikipedia
Brocard circle
In geometry, the Brocard circle (or seven-point circle) for a triangle is a circle defined from a given triangle. It passes through the circumcenter and symmedian of the triangle, and is centered at t...
Gaspard Monge
Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818) was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry (the mathematical basis of technical drawing), and the father of differentia...
Gaspard Monge - Wikipedia
Eugène Charles Catalan
Eugène Charles Catalan (30 May 1814 – 14 February 1894) was a French and Belgian mathematician.
Catalan was born in Bruges (now in Belgium, then under Dutch rule even though the Kingdom of the Net...
Eugène Charles Catalan - Wikipedia
Paul Émile Appell
Paul Appell (27 September 1855 in Strasbourg – 24 October 1930 in Paris), also known as Paul Émile Appel, was a French mathematician and Rector of the University of Paris. The concept of Appell polyn...
Paul Émile Appell - Wikipedia
Émile Lemoine
Émile Michel Hyacinthe Lemoine ([emil ləmwan]; 1840–1912) was a French civil engineer and a mathematician, a geometer in particular. He was educated at a variety of institutions, including the Prytané...
Émile Lemoine - Wikipedia
Gaston Floquet
Achille Marie Gaston Floquet (15 December 1847, Épinal – 7 October 1920, Nancy) was a French mathematician, best known for his work in mathematical analysis, especially in theory of differential equat...
Laplace transform
The Laplace transform is a widely used integral transform in mathematics and electrical engineering named after Pierre-Simon Laplace (/ləˈplɑːs/) that transforms a function of time into a function of ...
Jacques Philippe Marie Binet
Jacques Philippe Marie Binet ([binɛ]; February 2, 1786 – May 12, 1856) was a French mathematician, physicist and astronomer born in Rennes; he died in Paris, France, in 1856. He made significant contr...
Jacques Philippe Marie Binet - Wikipedia
Jules Drach
Jules Joseph Drach (13 March 1871, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines near Colmar – 8 March 1949, Cavalaire-sur-Mer, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur) was a French mathematician.
Drach came from an Alsatian family ...
Antoine Augustin Cournot
Antoine Augustin Cournot (28 August 1801 – 31 March 1877) was a French philosopher and mathematician who also contributed to the development of economics theory.
Antoine Augustin Cournot was born ...
Jules Antoine Lissajous
Jules Antoine Lissajous ([ʒyl ɑ̃twan lisaʒu]) (March 4, 1822, Versailles – June 24, 1880, Plombières-les-Bains) was a French mathematician, after whom Lissajous figures are named. Among other innovati...
Jules Antoine Lissajous - Wikipedia
Jean Gaston Darboux
Jean-Gaston Darboux (14 August 1842 – 23 February 1917) was a French mathematician.
Darboux made several important contributions to geometry and mathematical analysis (see, for example, linea...
Jean Gaston Darboux - Wikipedia
Gaston Tarry
Gaston Tarry (September 27, 1843 - June 21, 1913) was a French mathematician. Born in Villefranche de Rouergue, Aveyron, he studied mathematics at high school before joining the civil service in Alger...
Gaston Tarry - Wikipedia
Pierre Boutroux
Pierre Léon Boutroux (6 December 1880 – 15 August 1922) was a French mathematician and historian of science. Boutroux is chiefly known for his work in the history and philosophy of mathematics.
He...
Pierre Boutroux - Wikipedia
Joseph Liouville
Joseph Liouville (/ˈdʒoʊzəf ˌliuːˈvɪl/; [ʒɔzɛf ljuvil]; 24 March 1809 – 8 September 1882) was a French mathematician.
Liouville graduated from the École Polytechnique in 1827. After some years as ...
Joseph Liouville - Wikipedia
Amédée Mannheim
Victor Mayer Amédée Mannheim (17 July 1831, Paris France – 11 December 1906, Paris France) was the inventor of the modern slide rule. Around 1850, he introduced a new scale system that used a ...
Henri Poincaré
Jules Henri Poincaré ([ʒyl ɑ̃ʁi pwɛ̃kaʁe]; 29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912) was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science. He is often described as a pol...
Henri Poincaré - Wikipedia
Fourier transform
The Fourier transform decomposes a function of time (a signal) into the frequencies that make it up, similarly to how a musical chord can be expressed as the amplitude (or loudness) of its constituent...
René-Louis Baire
René-Louis Baire ([bɛʁ]; 21 January 1874 – 5 July 1932) was a French mathematician most famous for his Baire category theorem, which helped to generalize and prove future theorems. His theory was publ...
René-Louis Baire - Wikipedia
Alphonse de Polignac
Alphonse de Polignac (1826–1863) was a French mathematician. In 1849, the year he was admitted to Polytechnique, he made what's known as Polignac's conjecture:The case k = 1 is the twin prime co...
Alphonse de Polignac - Wikipedia
Lazare Carnot
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, Comte Carnot (13 May 1753 – 2 August 1823), the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, was a French politician, engineer, freemason and mathematician.
B...
Lazare Carnot - Wikipedia
Camille Jordan
Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan (5 January 1838 – 22 January 1922) was a French mathematician, known both for his foundational work in group theory and for his influential Cours d'analyse. He was born i...
Camille Jordan - Wikipedia
Henri Padé
Henri Eugène Padé ([pade]; December 17, 1863 – July 9, 1953) was a French mathematician, who is now remembered mainly for his development of Padé approximation techniques for functions using rational ...
Henri Padé - Wikipedia
Charles Dupin
Pierre Charles François Dupin (October 6, 1784, Varzy, Nièvre – January 18, 1873, Paris, France) was a French Catholic mathematician, engineer, economist and politician, particularly known for work in...
Charles Dupin - Wikipedia
Charles Julien Brianchon
Charles Julien Brianchon (December 19, 1783 – April 29, 1864) was a French mathematician and chemist.
He entered into the École Polytechnique in 1804 at the age of eighteen, and studied unde...
Philippe Gustave le Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant
Philippe Gustave Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant (1795–1874) was a French astronomer.He was the younger son of Louis Gustave le Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant and was the brother of Louis-Adolphe Ponté...
Philippe Gustave le Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant - Wikipedia
Adrien-Marie Legendre
Adrien-Marie Legendre ([adʁiɛ̃ maʁi ləʒɑ̃ːdʁ]) (18 September 1752 – 10 January 1833) was a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts ...
Adrien-Marie Legendre - Wikipedia