Al-Fadl ibn Naubakht
Al-Fadl ibn Naubakht, (also written Nowbakht), was an 8th-century Persian scholar at the court of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. He was son of the famous Naubakht, a former Zoroastrian, who had designed ...
Al-Muqanna
Hashim (Arabic/Persian: هاشم), better known as al-Muqanna‘ (Arabic: المقنع‎ "The Veiled", died ca. 783), was a Persian man who claimed to be a prophet. He founded a religion which was a mix ...
Abu Nuwas
Abū Nuwās al-Ḥasan ibn Hānī al-Ḥakamī (756–814), known as Abū Nuwās (Arabic: ابو نواس‎; Persian: ابو نواس‎, Abū Novās), was one of the greatest classical Arabic poets, who also compose...
Ja'far ibn Yahya
Ja'far ibn Yahya Barmaki, Jafar al-Barmaki (Persian: جعفر بن یحیی برمکی‎, Arabic: جعفر بن يحيى‎, ja`far bin yaḥyā) (767–803) was the son of a Persian vizier (Yahya ibn Khalid) of the A...
Yahya ibn Khalid
Yahya ibn Khalid (Arabic: يحيى بن خالد), yaḥyā bin ḫālid) (died 806) was a member of the powerful Persian Barmakids family, son of Khalid ibn Barmak. Around 765, he was appointed to Azerbaijan by the ...
Naubakht
Nobakht Ahvazi (Persian: نوبخت اهوازى‎, (or Naubakht Ahvaz) also transliterated "Naubakht") and his sons lived in the 8th - 9th centuries AD, and were astrologers from Ahvaz (in the present-day ...
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
Abū ‘Abdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Persian: عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمی‎), earlier transliterated as Algoritmi or Algaurizin, (c. 780 – c. 850) was a Persian mathematician, astron...
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī - Wikipedia
Ustadh Sis
Ustadh Sis (also spelled: Ustad Sis, or Ostad Sis, Persian: استاذ سیس‎) was a Persian heresiarch and anti-Arab rebel leader.He claimed he was a prophet of God in the eastern fringe of Khorasan i...
Sahl ibn Bishr
Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael (c. 786–845 ?) was a Syriac Christian (sometimes reported as Jewish) astrologer, astronomer and mathematici...
Sahl ibn Bishr - Wikipedia
Sunpadh
Sunpadh, Sinbad (Persian: سندباد‎), or Sinbad the Magus (Arabic: سنباذ المجوسي‎ Sinbād̲h̲ al-Majūsī) (died 755) was a Persian cleric who incited an uprising against the Abbasid Calipha...
Babak Khorramdin
Bābak Khorram-Din (Formally known as "Pāpak" meaning "Young Father") (Persian: بابک خرمدین‎, alternative spelling: Pāpak Xorramdin; 795, according to some other sources 798— January 838) was on...
Babak Khorramdin - Wikipedia
Abu Muslim Khorasani
Abu Muslim Abd al-Rahman ibn Muslim Khorasani or al-Khurasani (Arabic: أبو مسلم عبد الرحمن بن مسلم الخراساني‎, c. 700 – 755), known in Persian as Vehzādān Pour Vandād Hormoz (Persian: ...
Jābir ibn Hayyān
Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān (Arabic: جابر بن حیان‎, Persian: جابرحیان‎, often given the nisbahs al-al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721 – c. 815), a...
Jābir ibn Hayyān - Wikipedia
Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq
Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq (يعقوب بن طارق; died c. 796 AD) was an 8th-century Persian astronomer and mathematician who lived in Baghdad.
Works ascribed to Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq include:An astrological work calle...
Ibn al-Muqaffa'
Abū Muhammad ʿAbd Allāh Rūzbih ibn Dādūya (Persian: ابو محمد عبدالله روزبه ابن دادویه‎), known as Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ (Arabic: ابن المقفع‎), (original Persian name Rōzbih pūr-i Dādōē روزبه...
Saman Khuda
Saman Khuda (Saman Khoda, Saman-khudat) was an 8th-century Persian noble whose descendants (the House of Saman) later became rulers of Persia (the Samanid Empire). He was a Dehqan from the village of ...
Ishaq al-Turk
Ishaq al-Turk (also: Eshaq El-Tork, Arabic إسحاق الترك). Abbasid propagandist for Abu Muslim sent to the Turks of Transoxania, hence the name al-Turk (of the Turks). After Abu Muslim's murder at the o...
Mashallah ibn Athari
Masha'allah ibn Atharī (c.740–815 CE) was an eighth-century Persian Jewish astrologer and astronomer from the city of Basra (located in Iraq) who became the leading astrologer of the late 8th century....
Mashallah ibn Athari - Wikipedia
Behafarid
Behāfarīd (Middle Persian: Weh-āfrīd, Persian: به‌آفرید‎, also spelled Bihāfarīd) was an 8th-century Persian Zoroastrian heresiarch who started a religious peasant revolt with elements from Zoro...
Behafarid - Wikipedia