Emirs of Córdoba
The Emirate of Córdoba (Arabic: إمارة قرطبة, Imārah Qurṭuba) was an independent emirate in the Iberian Peninsula between 756 and 929 with Córdoba as its capital.After the Umayyad conquest of Hispania...
Emirs of Córdoba - Wikipedia
Umar ibn Hafsun
`Umar ibn Hafsun ibn Ja'far ibn Salim (Arabic: عمر بن حَفْصُون بن جعفر بن سالم) (c. 850 – 917), known in Spanish history as Omar ben Hafsun, was a 9th-century Christian leader of anti-Ummayad forces ...
Umar ibn Hafsun - Wikipedia
Martyrs of Córdoba
The Martyrs of Córdoba were forty-eight Christian martyrs living in the 9th century Muslim-ruled Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain; their hagiography describes in detail their executions for d...
Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi
Musa ibn Musa al-Qasawi (Arabic: موسى بن موسى القسوي) (Circa 790 – 26 September 862) was leader of the muwallad Banu Qasi clan and ruler of a semi-autonomous principality in the upper Ebro valley...
Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi - Wikipedia
Ibn Marwan
Ibn Marwân (‘Abd al Rahmân Ibn Marwân ibn Yūnus, also known as Ibn al-Djillīqui or "Son of a Galician") (died ca. 889), was a Muladi Sufi whose family had come from northern Portugal and settled near ...
Ibn Marwan - Wikipedia
Emirate of Córdoba
The Emirate of Córdoba (Arabic: إمارة قرطبة, Imārah Qurṭuba) was an independent emirate in the Iberian Peninsula between 756 and 929 with Córdoba as its capital.After the Umayyad conquest of Hispania...
Emirate of Córdoba - Wikipedia
Battle of Guadalete
The Battle of Guadalete was fought in 711 or 712 at an unidentified location between the Christian Visigoths of Hispania under their king, Roderic, and an invading force of Muslim Arabs and Berbers un...
Battle of Guadalete - Wikipedia
Battle of the River Garonne
The Battle of the River Garonne, also known as the Battle of Bordeaux, was fought in 732 between an Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, governor of Al-Andalus, and Aquitanian forces led by Du...
Umayyad conquest of Hispania
The Umayyad conquest of Hispania is the initial expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate over Hispania largely extending from 711 to 788. The conquest resulted in the destruction of the Visigothic Kingdom a...
Umayyad conquest of Hispania - Wikipedia
Protofeudalism
Protofeudalism (Spanish: protofeudalismo or feudalismo prematuro) is a concept in medieval history, most especially the history of Spain, according to which the direct precursors of feudalism can ...