Abbasid Caliphate
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended fr...
Umayyad Caliphate
The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. This ca...
Umayyad Caliphate - Wikipedia
Islamic Golden Age
The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period in the history of Islam during the Middle Ages when much of the Muslim world was ruled by various caliphates, experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultu...
Islamic Golden Age - Wikipedia
Abbasid architecture
Abbasid architecture developed in the Abbasid Caliphate between 750 and 945, primarily in its heartland of Mesopotamia.The Abbasids inherited Persian architectural traditions in Mesopotamia, and were ...
Abbasid architecture - Wikipedia
History of Baghdad
This article documents the history of Baghdad. Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎ Baġdād) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. With a metropolitan area estimated at a population of 7,000,...
History of Baghdad - Wikipedia
Siege of Baghdad (812-813)
The siege of Baghdad was a part of a civil war between al-Amin and al-Ma'mun for the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The siege lasted from August 812 until September 813. The siege is described in great...
Siege of Baghdad (812-813) - Wikipedia
Caliphal Civil War (865-866)
The Caliphal Civil War of 865–866 was an armed conflict during the "Anarchy at Samarra" between the rival caliphs al-Musta'in and al-Mu'tazz, fought to determine who would gain control over the Abbasi...
Caliphal Civil War (865-866) - Wikipedia
Siege of Baghdad (1157)
The Siege of Baghdad was the last Seljuq attempt to capture Baghdad from the Abbasids. Caliph al-Muqtafi successfully defended his capital against the collation armies of Seljuk Sultan Muhammad of Ham...
Siege of Baghdad (1258)
The Siege of Baghdad, which lasted from January 29 until February 10, 1258, entailed the investment, capture, and sacking of Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, by Ilkhanate Mongol forces a...
Siege of Baghdad (1258) - Wikipedia
Abbasid-Carolingian alliance
An Abbasid–Carolingian alliance was attempted and partially formed during the 8th to 9th century through a series of embassies, rapprochements and combined military operations between the Frankish Car...
Abbasid-Carolingian alliance - Wikipedia
Abbasid caliphs
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended fro...
Abbasid caliphs - Wikipedia
Harun al-Rashid
Harun al-Rashid (Arabic: هَارُون الرَشِيد‎; hārūn ar-rašīd) (17 March 763 or February 766 — 24 March 809) was the fifth Abbasid Caliph. His birth date is debated, with various sources giving...
Harun al-Rashid - Wikipedia
Fatimid Caliphate
The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: الفاطميون‎, al-Fāṭimīyūn) was a Shia Islamic caliphate, which spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean...
Fatimid Caliphate - Wikipedia
Bajkam
Abū al-Husayn Bajkam al-Mākānī (Arabic: أبو الحسين بجكم المكاني‎), referred to as Bajkam, Badjkam or Bachkam (from Bäčkäm, a Persian and Turkish word meaning a horse- or yak-tail), was a Tur...
Bajkam - Wikipedia
Al-Mutanabbi
Abu at-Tayyib Ahmad ibn al-Husayn al-Mutanabbi al-Kindi (Arabic: أبو الطيب أحمد بن الحسين المتنبّي الكندي Abū aṭ-Ṭayyib ʾAḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Mutanabbī al-Kindi‎) (915 – 23 September 965...
Ibn Muqlah
Abu 'Ali Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Muqla al-Shirazi (Baghdad, 885/6 – Baghdad, 20 July 940) was a Persian official of the Abbasid Caliphate who rose to high state posts in the early 10th century. His care...
Habbari dynasty
The Habbari dynasty ruled the Abbasid province of Greater Sindh from 841 to 1024. The region became semi-independent under the Arab ruler Aziz al-Habbari in 841 CE, though nominally remaining part of ...