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Watson And Crick Discover Chemical Structure Of DNA - Feb 28, 1953
On this day in 1953, Cambridge University scientists James D. Watson and Frances H.C. Crick announce that they have determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes.
Clash of Civilizations
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Computer science papers
Economics papers
Mathematics papers
Physics papers
Watson And Crick Discover Chemical Structure Of DNA - Feb 28, 1953
On this day in 1953, Cambridge University scientists James D. Watson and Frances H.C. Crick announce that they have determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes.
Lucas critique
The Lucas critique, named for Robert Lucas' work on macroeconomic policymaking, argues that it is naive to try to predict the effects of a change in economic policy entirely on the basis of relationsh...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
"Computing Machinery and Intelligence", written by Alan Turing and published in 1950 in Mind, is a seminal paper on the topic of artificial intelligence in which the concept of what is now known as th...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence - Wikipedia
How Long Is the Coast of Britain? Statistical Self-Similarity and Fractional Dimension
"How Long Is the Coast of Britain? Statistical Self-Similarity and Fractional Dimension" is a paper by mathematician Benoît Mandelbrot, first published in Science in 1967. In this paper Mandelbrot dis...
How Long Is the Coast of Britain? Statistical Self-Similarity and Fractional Dimension - Wikipedia
List of important publications in cryptography
This is a list of important publications in cryptography, organized by field.Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:
Description: Presented the index of coinciden...
List of important publications in cryptography - Wikipedia
Equation of State Calculations by Fast Computing Machines
Equation of State Calculations by Fast Computing Machines is an article published by Nicholas Metropolis, Arianna W. Rosenbluth, Marshall N. Rosenbluth, Augusta H. Teller, and Edward Teller in the Jou...
Equation of State Calculations by Fast Computing Machines - Wikipedia
The Complexity of Songs
"The Complexity of Songs" was a journal article published by computer scientist Donald Knuth in 1977, as an in-joke about computational complexity theory. The article capitalizes on the tendency of po...
Transhumanism
Transhumanism (abbreviated as H+ or h+) is an international cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely a...
The Market for Lemons
"The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism" is a 1970 paper by the economist George Akerlof. It discusses information asymmetry, which occurs when the seller knows more about...
The Market for Lemons - Wikipedia
Software engineering papers
The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences
"The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences" is the title of an article published in 1960 by the physicist Eugene Wigner. In the paper, Wigner observed that the mathematical...
The Nepenthaceae of the Netherlands Indies
"The Nepenthaceae of the Netherlands Indies" is a seminal monograph by B. H. Danser on the tropical pitcher plants of the Dutch East Indies and surrounding regions. It was originally published in the ...
The Nepenthaceae of the Netherlands Indies - Wikipedia
Annus Mirabilis papers
The Annus mirabilis papers (from Latin annus mīrābilis, "extraordinary year") are the papers of Albert Einstein published in the Annalen der Physik scientific journal in 1905. These four articles cont...
Annus Mirabilis papers - Wikipedia
On the Origin of the "Influencing Machine" in Schizophrenia
On the Origin of the "Influencing Machine" in Schizophrenia is a highly influential article written by psychoanalyst Viktor Tausk. It was first published in 1919 in the journal Internationale Zeitschr...
On the Number of Primes Less Than a Given Magnitude
"Ueber die Anzahl der Primzahlen unter einer gegebenen Grösse" (usual English translation: "On the Number of Primes Less Than a Given Magnitude") is a seminal 10-page paper by Bernhard Riemann publish...
On the Number of Primes Less Than a Given Magnitude - Wikipedia
Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems
Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems is a paper published in 1949 by Claude Shannon discussing cryptography from the viewpoint of information theory. It is one of the foundational treatments (argua...
X Article
The X Article, formally titled The Sources of Soviet Conduct, was published in Foreign Affairs magazine in July 1947. The article was written by George F. Kennan, the Deputy Chief of Mission of the Un...
X Article - Wikipedia
Luria-Delbrück experiment
The Luria–Delbrück experiment (1943) (also called the Fluctuation Test) demonstrates that in bacteria, genetic mutations arise in the absence of selection, rather than being a response to selection. T...
Luria-Delbrück experiment - Wikipedia
Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
"Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" was an article published by Francis Crick and James D. Watson in the scientific journal Nature in its 171st volume on p...
Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid - Wikipedia
The Clash of Ignorance
On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems
Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme I ("On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems I") is a paper in mathematical ...
Sokal affair
The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax, was a publishing hoax perpetrated by Alan Sokal, a physics professor at New York University and University College London. In 1996, Sokal submitted an art...
An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism
An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism, is a fundamental publication by George Green, where he extends previous work of Siméon Denis Poisson ...
An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism - Wikipedia
On Physical Lines of Force
On Physical Lines of Force is a famous four-part paper written by James Clerk Maxwell published between 1861 and 1862. In it, Maxwell derived the equations of electromagnetism in conjunction with a "s...