'Aristotle's Tomb' Discovered By Archaeologist
A Greek archaeologist believes he may have discovered Aristotle’s tomb. Konstantinos Sismanidis excavated the birthplace of the ancient philosopher in northern Greece in the 1990s, and now thinks that...
The Top 6 Theories About The Lost City Of Atlantis
All that we know of the legendary island civilization of Atlantis comes from a few pages in Timaeus and Critias, two of the famous “dialogues” written by Greek philosopher Plato in the fourth century ...
Plato
The school founded by this antique philosopher, became a prototype of modern higher education. Contemporaries named him «the divine teacher»: in his works it...
Hestiaeus of Perinthus
Hestiaeus of Perinthus (Greek: Ἑστιαῖος Περίνθιος) was one of Plato's students.
Carneades
Carneades (/kɑrˈniːədiːz/; Greek: Καρνεάδης, Karneadēs, "of Carnea"; 214/3–129/8 BC) was an Academic skeptic born in Cyrene. By the year 159 BC, he had started to refute all previous dogmatic doct...
Carneades - Wikipedia
Prohairesis
Prohairesis (Ancient Greek: προαίρεσις; variously translated as "moral character", "will", "volition", "choice", "intention", or "moral choice") is a fundamental concept in the Stoic philosophy o...
Charmadas
Charmadas (Greek: Χαρμάδας; or Charmides (Χαρμίδης); 164/3 – c. 95 BC) was an Academic philosopher and a disciple of Clitomachus at the Academy in Athens. He was a friend and companion (as he had ...
'Aristotle's Tomb' Discovered By Archaeologist
A Greek archaeologist believes he may have discovered Aristotle’s tomb. Konstantinos Sismanidis excavated the birthplace of the ancient philosopher in northern Greece in the 1990s, and now thinks that...
The Top 6 Theories About The Lost City Of Atlantis
All that we know of the legendary island civilization of Atlantis comes from a few pages in Timaeus and Critias, two of the famous “dialogues” written by Greek philosopher Plato in the fourth century ...
Coriscus of Scepsis
Coriscus of Scepsis (/kɔːˈrɪskəs/; Greek: Κορίσκος Σκήψιος) and his brother Erastus were students of Plato. He was also a friend of Aristotle. Coriscus' son Neleus is mentioned as inheriting Ari...
Arcesilaus
Arcesilaus (/ˌɑrsɛsɨˈleɪ.əs/; Greek: Ἀρκεσίλαος; 316/5–241/0 BC) was a Greek philosopher and founder of the Second or Middle Academy—the phase of Academic skepticism. Arcesilaus succeeded Crates...
Arcesilaus - Wikipedia
Evander (philosopher)
Evander (or Euander) (Greek: Εὔανδρος), born in Phocis or Phocaea, was the pupil and successor of Lacydes, and was joint leader (scholarch) of the Academy at Athens together with Telecles.In the f...
Clitomachus (philosopher)
Clitomachus (also Cleitomachus; Greek: Κλειτόμαχος, Kleitomachos; 187/6–110/09 BC), originally named Hasdrubal, was a Carthaginian who came to Athens in 163/2 BC and studied philosophy under Carneades...
Python of Aenus
Python of Aenus (/ˈpaɪθɒn, ən/; Greek: Πύθων Αἴνιος; fl. 4th-century BCE) was a Greek philosopher and a former student of Plato. Around 360 BC, he and his brother Heraclides assassinated Cotys I, ...
Aeschines of Neapolis
Aeschines (Gr. Αἰσχίνης) of Neapolis was an Academic philosopher who shared the leadership of the Academy at Athens together with Charmadas and Clitomachus about 110 BC, when Clitomachus was an old ma...
Eudoxus of Cnidus
Eudoxus of Cnidus (/ˈjuːdəksəs/; Greek: Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios; 408–355 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar and student of Plato. All of his works are lost, t...
Hegesinus of Pergamon
Hegesinus of Pergamon (Greek: Ἡγησίνους), was an Academic philosopher, the successor of Evander and the immediate predecessor of Carneades as the leader (scholarch) of the Academy. He was scholarc...
Heraclides of Aenus
Heraclides of Aenus (Greek: Ἡρακλείδης Αἴνιος) was one of Plato's students. Around 360 BC, he and his brother Python assassinated Cotys I, the ruler of Thrace.
Telecles
Telecles (Greek: Τηλεκλῆς), of Phocis or Phocaea, was the pupil and successor of Lacydes, and was joint leader (scholarch) of the Academy at Athens together with Evander. In the final ten years of...
Lastheneia of Mantinea
Lastheneia (or Lasthenia) of Mantinea (Greek: Λασθένεια Μαντινική) was one of Plato's female students.She was born in Mantinea, an ancient city in Arcadia, in the Peloponnese. She studied in the A...
Polemon (scholarch)
Polemon (Greek: Πολέμων, gen.: Πολέμωνος; d. 270/269 BC) of Athens was an eminent Platonist philosopher and Plato's third successor as scholarch or head of the Academy from 314/313 to 270/269 BC. A pu...
Polemon (scholarch) - Wikipedia
Timolaus of Cyzicus
Timolaus of Cyzicus (Greek: Τιμόλαος Κυζικηνός) was one of Plato's students. Cyzicus is an ancient city of Mysia, located in the northwest of Asia Minor.
Hagnon of Tarsus
Hagnon of Tarsus (2nd century BC) was a rhetorician, a philosopher, and a pupil of Carneades. Quintilian chides him for writing a book called Prosecution of Rhetoric in which he denied that rhetoric w...
Speusippus
Speusippus (/spjuːˈsɪpəs/; Greek: Σπεύσιππος; c. 408 – 339/8 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher. Speusippus was Plato's nephew by his sister Potone. After Plato's death, Speusippus inherited t...
Speusippus - Wikipedia
Aristonymus
Aristonymus of Athens (Greek: Ἀριστώνυμος) was sent by Plato to reform the constitution of the Arcadians. Aristonymus was the father of Clitophon.
Antiperistasis
Antiperistasis, in philosophy, is a general term for various processes, real or contrived, in which one quality heightens the force of another, opposing, quality. Historically, this explanation was ap...
Diocles of Cnidus
Diocles of Cnidus (Greek: Διοκλῆς) was a Platonic philosopher, who is mentioned as the author of Διατριβαί (Discussions) from which a fragment is quoted by Eusebius: