Ahmad Shah Massoud
Ahmad Shah Massoud (Dari Persian: احمد شاه مسعود; September 2, 1953 – September 9, 2001) was an Afghan political and military leader, who was a powerful military commander during the re...
Ahmad Shah Massoud - Wikipedia
Saur Revolution
The Saur Revolution (Dari: إنقلاب ثور Pashto: د ثور انقلاب‎) (also written Sawr Revolution) is the name given to the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) takeover of pol...
Saur Revolution - Wikipedia
Soviet war in Afghanistan
The Soviet war in Afghanistan lasted over nine years from December 1979 to February 1989. Part of the Cold War, it was fought between Soviet-led Afghan forces against multi-national insurgen...
Soviet war in Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Civil war in Afghanistan (1989-1992)
The 1989 to 1992 phase of the Afghan Civil War began after the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan, leaving the Afghan communist government to fend for itself against the Mujahideen. After several ...
Civil war in Afghanistan (1989-1992) - Wikipedia
Civil war in Afghanistan (1992-1996)
The 1992 to 1996 phase of the conflict in Afghanistan (1978–present) began after the resignation of the communist President Mohammad Najibullah. The post-communist Islamic State of Afghanistan was est...
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996-2001)
In 1996 the Taliban captured the Afghan capital Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. The Islamic State of Afghanistan government remained the internationally recognized government...
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996-2001) - Wikipedia
Badaber Uprising
The Badaber uprising (26 - 27 April 1985, Badaber, Pakistan) was an armed rebellion by Soviet and Afghan prisoners of war who were being held at the Badaber fortress near Peshawar, Pakistan. The priso...
Badaber Uprising - Wikipedia
Mujahideen
Mujahideen (Arabic: المجاهدين‎) is the plural form of mujahid (Arabic: مجاهد‎), the term for one engaged in Jihad.In English usage, it refers to the guerrilla type military outfits...
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA; Dari: جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان‎, Jumhūri-ye Dimukrātī-ye Afghānistān; Pashto: دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت‎, Dǝ Afġānistān Dimukratī...
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Operation Cyclone
Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, from 197...
Operation Cyclone - Wikipedia
Reagan Doctrine
The Reagan Doctrine was a strategy orchestrated and implemented by the United States under the Reagan Administration to oppose the global influence of the Soviet Union during the final years of the Co...
Reagan Doctrine - Wikipedia
Afshar Operation
The Afshar Operation was a military operation by Ahmad Shah Massoud and Burhanuddin Rabbani's Islamic State of Afghanistan government forces and Abdul Rasul Sayyaf's Ittehad-i Islami forces against Gu...
Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif 1997-1998
The Battles of Mazar-e Sharif were a part of the Afghan Civil War and took place in 1997 and 1998 between the forces of Abdul Malik Pahlawan and his Hazara allies, Junbish-e Milli-yi Islami-yi Afghani...
Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif 1997-1998 - Wikipedia
Soviet war in Afghanistan in popular culture
The Soviet War in Afghanistan had an important impact in popular culture in the West, due to its scope, and the great number of countries involved. The Russian/Ukrainian film The 9th Company, for exam...
Afghan Civil War (1978-present)
The war in Afghanistan began on 27 April 1978, when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) took power in a military coup, known as the Saur Revolution. Most of Afghanistan subsequently ex...
Afghan Civil War (1978-present) - Wikipedia
Afghan refugees
Afghan diaspora or Afghan immigrants are citizens of Afghanistan who have emigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan. Traditionally the borders in betwe...
Afghan refugees - Wikipedia
Genocides in history
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group. The term was coined in 1944 by Raphael Lemkin. It is defined in Article 2...
Genocides in history - Wikipedia
Soviet troop withdrawal from Afghanistan
The withdrawal of Soviet combatant forces from the Afghanistan began on 15 May 1988 and successfully executed on 15 February 1989 under the leadership of Colonel-General Boris Gromov who also was the ...
Soviet troop withdrawal from Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Panjshir offensives
The Panjshir offensives (Russian: Панджшерские операции - Panjsher Operations) were a series of battles between the Soviet Army and groups of Afghan Mujahideen under Ahmad Shah Massoud for the con...