Akkadian literature
Akkadian literature is the ancient literature written in the Akkadian language (Assyrian and Babylonian dialects) written in Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylonia) during the period spanning the Middle B...
Amarna letters
The Amarna letters (sometimes Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets) archive, on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan...
Amarna letters - Wikipedia
Behistun Inscription
47°26′9″E / 34.39056°N 47.43583°E / 34.39056; 47.43583The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun), (Persian: بیستون, Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the place ...
Behistun Inscription - Wikipedia
Enûma Eliš
The Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform: 𒂊𒉡𒈠𒂊𒇺, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation mythos (named after its opening words). It was recovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in frag...
Tiamat
In Mesopotamian Religion (Sumerian, Assyrian, Akkadian and Babylonian), Tiamat is a chaos monster, a primordial goddess of the ocean, mating with Abzû (the god of fresh water) to produce younger gods...
Tiamat - Wikipedia
Dialogue of Pessimism
The Dialogue of Pessimism is an ancient Mesopotamian dialogue between a master and his servant that expresses the futility of human action. It has parallels with biblical wisdom literature.
The Di...
Atra-Hasis
Atra-Hasis ("exceedingly wise") is the protagonist of an 18th-century BCE Akkadian epic recorded in various versions on clay tablets. The Atra-Hasis tablets include both a creation myth and a flood ac...
Atra-Hasis - Wikipedia
Rod-and-ring symbol
The Rod and ring symbol is a symbol that is depicted on Mesopotamian stelas, cylinder seals and reliefs. It is held by a god or goddess and in most cases is being offered to a king who is standing, of...
Rod-and-ring symbol - Wikipedia
Tikunani Prism
The Tikunani Prism is a clay artifact with an Akkadian cuneiform inscription listing the names of 438 Habiru soldiers of King Tunip-Teššup of Tikunani (a small N. Mesopotamian kingdom). This king was...
Dynasty of Dunnum
The Dynasty of Dunnum, sometimes called the Theogony of Dunnum or Dunnu or the Harab Myth, is an ancient Mesopotamian mythical tale of successive generations of gods who take power through parricide a...
Nabnitu
Nabnitu ("Creature") is an ancient encyclopedic work of the Old Babylonian period (circa 1800 BCE) that consists of multiple tablets. Its Tablet XXXII (often called as U.3011) is a Sumerian-Akkadian t...
Genesis creation narrative
The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity. It is made up of two parts, roughly equivalent to the first two chapters of the Book of Genesis.In the first part,...
Genesis creation narrative - Wikipedia
Full translation of the Behistun Inscription
The following translation of the Behistun Inscription was made by L.W. King and R.C. Thompson Where names are rendered by the Greek or Biblical form, the Persian original regularly follows in square ...
Full translation of the Behistun Inscription - Wikipedia
Samānu
Samānu, from sāmu or “red,” disease, inscribed sa-ma-ná, was an ancient Mesopotamian name for an affliction of humans, animals and plants alike and the incantation used to cure it: SAG.NIM.NIM TI.LA. ...
Samānu - Wikipedia
Zu-buru-dabbeda
Zu-buru-dabbeda, inscribed zú-buru5-dib-bé-da, is the most complete exemplar of a small body of similarly themed texts from ancient Mesopotamia. Composed in Akkadian, it is a compendium of incantation...
Namburbi
The NAM-BÚR-BI incantations (Akkadian: namburbȗ) were named for a series of prophylactic Babylonian and Assyrian rituals to avert inauspicious portents before they took on tangible form. At the core o...
Enuma anu enlil
Enuma Anu Enlil (EAE) (literal translation: When the gods Anu and Enlil [...]) (meaningful translation: In the days of Anu and Enlil) is a major series of 68 or 70 tablets (depending on the recension)...