Akkadian literature
Akkadian literature is the ancient literature written in the Akkadian language (Assyrian and Babylonian dialects) written in Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylonia) during the period spanning the Middle B...
Amarna letters
The Amarna letters (sometimes Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets) archive, on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan...
Amarna letters - Wikipedia
Behistun Inscription
47°26′9″E / 34.39056°N 47.43583°E / 34.39056; 47.43583The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun), (Persian: بیستون, Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the place ...
Behistun Inscription - Wikipedia
Enûma Eliš
The Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform: 𒂊𒉡𒈠𒂊𒇺, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation mythos (named after its opening words). It was recovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in frag...
Dialogue of Pessimism
The Dialogue of Pessimism is an ancient Mesopotamian dialogue between a master and his servant that expresses the futility of human action. It has parallels with biblical wisdom literature.
The Di...
Atra-Hasis
Atra-Hasis ("exceedingly wise") is the protagonist of an 18th-century BCE Akkadian epic recorded in various versions on clay tablets. The Atra-Hasis tablets include both a creation myth and a flood ac...
Atra-Hasis - Wikipedia
Tiamat
In Mesopotamian Religion (Sumerian, Assyrian, Akkadian and Babylonian), Tiamat is a chaos monster, a primordial goddess of the ocean, mating with Abzû (the god of fresh water) to produce younger gods...
Tiamat - Wikipedia
Nabnitu
Nabnitu ("Creature") is an ancient encyclopedic work of the Old Babylonian period (circa 1800 BCE) that consists of multiple tablets. Its Tablet XXXII (often called as U.3011) is a Sumerian-Akkadian t...
Poor Man of Nippur
The Poor Man of Nippur is an Akkadian story dating from around 1500 BC. It is attested by only three texts, only one of which is more than a small fragment.Instead he presents the goat to the mayor. T...
E-sara
E-sara (Cuneiform: E2 SAR.A 𒂍𒊬𒀀 "House of the Universe"), was the temple dedicated to Inanna in Uruk by Ur-Nammu.In the Enuma Elish, E-sara was created by Marduk at the end of Tablet IV, as he divi...
E-sara - Wikipedia
Tikunani Prism
The Tikunani Prism is a clay artifact with an Akkadian cuneiform inscription listing the names of 438 Habiru soldiers of King Tunip-Teššup of Tikunani (a small N. Mesopotamian kingdom). This king was...
Full translation of the Behistun Inscription
The following translation of the Behistun Inscription was made by L.W. King and R.C. Thompson Where names are rendered by the Greek or Biblical form, the Persian original regularly follows in square ...
Full translation of the Behistun Inscription - Wikipedia
Maqlû
The Maqlû, “burning,” series is an Akkadian incantation text from the early first millennium BC which concerns the performance of a rather lengthy anti-witchcraft, or kišpū, ritual. It comprises eight...
Zu-buru-dabbeda
Zu-buru-dabbeda, inscribed zú-buru5-dib-bé-da, is the most complete exemplar of a small body of similarly themed texts from ancient Mesopotamia. Composed in Akkadian, it is a compendium of incantation...
Bārûtu
The Bārûtu, the “art of the diviner,” is a monumental ancient Mesopotamian compendium of the science of extispicy or sacrificial omens stretching over around a hundred cuneiform tablets which was asse...
Bārûtu - Wikipedia
Dynasty of Dunnum
The Dynasty of Dunnum, sometimes called the Theogony of Dunnum or Dunnu or the Harab Myth, is an ancient Mesopotamian mythical tale of successive generations of gods who take power through parricide a...
Abnu šikinšu
Abnu šikinšu, inscribed NA4 GAR-šú, “the stone whose appearance is…,” is one of the most prominent Mesopotamian examples of a lapidary, or “stone identification handbook.” It provides a list of the na...