Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam
Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic...
Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam - Wikipedia
Ja'far al-Sadiq
Ja'far ibn Muḥammad al-Ṣādiq (Arabic: جعفر بن محمد الصادق‎‎; 700 or 702–765 C.E. ) commonly known as Ja'far al-Sadiq or simply al-Sadiq (The Truthful) was the sixth Shiite imam. He was...
Calid
Calid is a medieval Latin transcription of the Arabic name Khalid (or Khaled).
In alchemy, Kalid refers to a historical figure, Khalid ibn Yazid (died 704). He was an Umayyad prince, a brother of...
Turba Philosophorum
The Turba Philosophorum, also known as Assembly of the Philosophers, is one of the oldest European alchemy texts, translated from the Arabic, like the Picatrix. It is considered to have been written c...
Turba Philosophorum - Wikipedia
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi
Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī (Persian: محمد زکریای رازی‎ Mohammad-e Zakariā-ye Rāzi, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854 CE – 925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemi...
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi - Wikipedia
Abu al-Salt
Abū al‐Ṣalt, Umayya ibn ʿAbd al‐ʿAzīz ibn Abī al‐Ṣalt al‐Dānī al‐Andalusī (c. 1068 – 23 October 1134) was an Andalusian polymath whose works on astronomical instruments were read both in the Isl...
Abu al-Salt - Wikipedia
Ibn Rassam
Ibn al-Rassam literally (Son of the Draftsman), was an Egyptian Muslim Alchemist and tile-maker and Mosaic designer, who flourished during the Mamluk Bahri dynasty (1250–1382).Ibn Rassam is widely kno...
Ahmad ibn Yahya al-Baladhuri
ʾAḥmad Ibn Yaḥyā al-Balādhurī Arabic (أحمد بن يحيى بن جابر البلاذري) was a 9th-century Persian historian. One of the eminent middle-eastern historians of his age, he spent most of his life in Baghdad ...
Al-Khazini
Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini or simply Abu al-Fath Khāzini (Arabic: أبو الفتح الخازني‎, Persian: ابولفتح خازنی‎) (flourished 1115–1130) was a Muslim astronomer of Persi...
Ebn Meskavayh
Abu 'Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya'qub Ibn Miskawayh (Persian: ابن مسكوويه), also known as Ibn Miskawayh (932–1030) or Ebn Meskavayh, was a Persian chancery official of the Buyid era, and philosopher ...
Abul Ashba ibn Tammam
Abu'l Ashba b. Tammam, Abul Ashba ibn Tammam (d.1361) was a Muslim chemist. He is considered last in the line of Muslim chemists.
Abul Ashba ibn Tammam - Wikipedia
Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī (4/5 September 973 – 13 December 1048), known as Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.Al-Biruni is regard...
Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī - Wikipedia
Avicenna
Avicenna (/ˌævəˈsɛnə/; Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (Persian: پور سینا / ابن سینا‎‍; Arabic: ابن سینا‎‍), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ib...
Avicenna - Wikipedia
Kitab al-Kimya
Kitāb al-Kīmyāʼ (Arabic: كتاب الكيمياء‎) is a writing on alchemy by Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), written sometime in the late 8th century. Originally written in Arabic, it was translated into L...
Takwin
Takwin (Arabic: تكوين‎) was a goal of certain Muslim alchemists, notably Jabir ibn Hayyan. In the alchemical context, takwin refers to the creation of synthetic life in the laboratory, up to...
Al-Jawbari
'Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Umar Zain al-Din al-Dimashqi, commonly known as Al-Jawbari (Arabic: الجوبري‎; fl. 619/1222) was an Arab author known for his writings that denounce alchemical imposture a...
Al-Khwarizmi al-Khati
Abu al-Hakim Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik al-Salihi al-Khwarizmi al-Khati, Al-Khati (flourished 1034), was a Muslim alchemist from the village of Kath in the Khwarezm region. He is known for systematizin...
Harbi al-Himyari
Harbi al-Himyari (Arabic: حربي الحميري‎ Ḥarbī al-Ḥimyārī), was an Arab scholar from Yemen, who lived between the 7th and 8th century AD. He is famous as the teacher of the Islamic alchemist ...
Ibn al-Nadim
Abu'l-Faraj Muhammad bin Is'hāq al-Nadim (Arabic: ابوالفرج محمد بن إسحاق النديم‎) (died September 17, 995 or 998) was a Muslim scholar and bibliographer, possibly of Persian origin. He is fa...
Najm al-Dīn al-Qazwīnī al-Kātibī
Najm al-Dīn al-Qazwīnī al-Kātibī (died AH 675 / 1276 CE) was a Persian Islamic philosopher and logician of the Shafi`i school. A student of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, he is the author of two major works, o...
Najm al-Dīn al-Qazwīnī al-Kātibī - Wikipedia
Al-Farabi
Al-Farabi (/ˌælfəˈrɑːbi/; Persian: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) , known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 87...
Al-Farabi - Wikipedia
Abu al-Abbas al-Nabati
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Mufarraj bin Ani al-Khalil, better known as Abu al-Abbas al-Nabati, Ibn al-Rumiya or al-Ashshab, (Arabic: أبو العباس النباتي‎, Abu’l-ʿAbbās al-Nabātī)  (c. 1200) ...
Maslama al-Majriti
Maslama al-Majriti or Abu al-Qasim al-Qurtubi al-Majriti (Arabic: أبو القاسم مسلمة بن أحمد المجريطي‎, Latin: Methilem; d. 1008 or 1007 CE) was a Muslim astronomer, chemist, mathematician...
Ibn al-Wafid
Ali Ibn al-Husain Ibn al-Wafid (علي بن الحسين بن الوافد) (997-ca.1074), known in Latin Europe as Abenguefit, was a pharmacologist and physician from Toledo. He was the vizier of Al-Mamun of Toledo. Hi...
Abbas Ibn Firnas
Abbas ibn Firnas (810–887 A.D.), also known as Abbas Abu al-Qasim ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (Arabic: عباس بن فرناس‎), was an Andalusian polymath: an inventor, physician, engineer, An...
Al-Mu'izz ibn Badis
Al- Muʻizz ibn Bādīs (Arabic: المعز بن باديس‎); 1008–1062) was the fourth ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya, reigning from 1016 to 1062.
Al-Muizz ascended the throne as a minor following ...
Al-Mu'izz ibn Badis - Wikipedia
Ibn al-Baitar
Ibn al-Bayṭār al-Mālaqī, Ḍiyāʾ Al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad ʿAbdllāh Ibn Aḥmad (or just Ibn al-Baytar, Arabic: ابن البيطار‎)  (1197–1248) was a pharmacist, botanist, physician and scientist. His...
Ibn al-Baitar - Wikipedia
Al-Nabarawi
Ibn Muhammad al-Shaizari Al-Nabarawi, Al-Nabarawi (d.1126) Muslim Pharmacist and Alchemist from Baghdad was a devoted admirer of Al-Razi, he invented a new process of producing naphtha (Naft), from Pe...
Al-Tughrai
Mu'ayyad al-Din Abu Isma‘il al-Husayn ibn Ali al-Tughra'i (1061 – c 1121) was an 11th–12th century Persian physician.Mu'ayyad al-Din al-Tughra'i, was born in Isfahan in 1061CE, and was an important al...