Alternative biology
Alternative biology is the study of theoretical or non-traditional life forms such as acellular life, non-carbon-based life, extraterrestrial life, cyborg life, or artificial life.It also considers th...
Alternative biology - Wikipedia
6-Letter DNA!
Scientists have created living bacteria with two extra letters of genetic code, nicknamed X, and Y for short. Help me make Sciencium: http://ve42.co/JoinUs F...
Scientists Find Evidence for Alternate Theory of How Life Arose
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) offers a twist on a popular theory for how life on Earth began about...
A Newly Made RNA Strand Bolsters Ideas About How Life On Earth Began
RNA molecule is able to synthesize other RNAs, a feat believed central to the origin of life
Experts Held a Secret Meeting to Consider Building a Human Genome From Scratch
Earlier this week, over a hundred scientists, lawyers, and entrepreneurs gathered to discuss the radical possibility of creating a synthetic human genome. Strangely, journalists were not invited, and ...
The Mysterious Thing About a Marvelous New Synthetic Cell
Scientists have created a bacterium with a minimal, life-sustaining genome, but they don’t know what a third of its genes do.
In Newly Created Life-Form, a Major Mystery
Scientists have created a synthetic organism that possesses only the genes it needs to survive. But they have no idea what roughly a third of those genes do.
Get Ready for the World’s First Cyborg Olympics
Michael McClellan flashes a thumbs-up sign as he speeds by on a recumbent tricycle, breathing hard but smiling behind dark sunglasses. He pedals along a paved path that loops through a leafy park in C...
Moon Ribas - The woman cyborg who can feel every earthquake in the world
When Moon Ribas performs, anticipation hangs heavy throughout the space. Dressed in all white, Ribas stands motionless with eyes closed as Brian Eno’s Lux fills the air. Suddenly, she gasps and convul...
Stanford Engineers Create Artificial Skin That Can Send Pressure Sensation To Brain Cell
Stanford engineers have created a plastic "skin" that can detect how hard it is being pressed and generate an electric signal to deliver this sensory input directly to a living brain cell. Zhenan Bao,...
First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm
Next year the world's first digital animal will be born inside a computer. Could its descendants be conscious? The bot's artificial brain has the same number of cells as a real nematode brain, and the...
Synthetic enzymes hint at life without DNA or RNA
Enzymes that don't exist in nature have been made from genetic material that doesn't exist in nature either, called XNA, or xeno nucleic acid. It's the first time this has been done and the results re...
This Is the World's First Working Cell Made From Plastic
Scientists have long been toiling to create artificial life, managing to produce man-made cell walls and even synthetic DNA. But now, a team of chemists has produced a functioning cell made from polym...
The Next Bioweapon May be a Text File
In 2011, at a meeting in Malta, Dutch scientist Ron Fouchier announced that he had created a particularly dangerous strain of the H5N1 flu virus using the tools of synthetic biology. Unlike all previo...
Biology's Brave New World
In May 2010, the richest, most powerful man in biotechnology made a new creature. J. Craig Venter and his private-company team started with DNA and constructed a novel genetic sequence of more than on...
Creating the first virtual organisms: the OpenWorm digital life project
OpenWorm is an open-source project that aims to create a virtual nematode worm in a computer. Their GitHub wiki and code make it easy for anyone with coding skills to get involved. Provided these proj...
The Insane and Exciting Future of the Bionic Body | Ideas & Innovations | Smithsonian Magazine
From “i-limbs” to artificial organs, advances in technology have led to an explosion of innovation in the increasingly critical field of prosthetics
Hypothetical types of biochemistry
Hypothetical types of biochemistry are forms of biochemistry speculated to be scientifically viable but not proven to exist at this time. The kinds of living beings currently known on Earth all use ca...
Hypothetical types of biochemistry - Wikipedia
Iron-sulfur world theory
The iron–sulfur world theory is a set of proposals for the origin of life and the early evolution of life advanced in a series of articles between 1988 and 1992 by Günter Wächtershäuser, a Munich pate...
RNA world hypothesis
The RNA world hypothesis proposes that self-replicating ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules were precursors to all current life on Earth. It is generally accepted that current life on Earth descends from...
RNA world hypothesis - Wikipedia
Artificial life
Artificial life (often abbreviated ALife or A-Life) is a field of study and an associated art form which examine systems related to life, its processes, and its evolution, through the use of simulatio...
Biorobotics
Biorobotics is a term that loosely covers the fields of cybernetics, bionics and even genetic engineering as a collective study.Biorobotics is often used to refer to a real subfield of robotics: study...
Cyborg
A cyborg (short for "cybernetic organism") is a theoretical or fictional being with both organic and biomechatronic parts. The term was coined in 1960 by Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline. D. S. Hal...
Cyborg - Wikipedia
Non-cellular life
Non-cellular life is life that exists without a cellular structure. This term presumes the phylogenetic scientific classification of viruses as lifeforms, which is a controversial issue.Hypothesized a...
Non-cellular life - Wikipedia
Self-replicating machine
A self-replicating machine is a construct that is capable of reproducing itself autonomously using raw materials found in the environment, thus exhibiting self-replication in a way analogous to that f...
Self-replicating machine - Wikipedia
Synthetic biology
Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology, combining disciplines such as biotechnology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, systems biology and biophysics, and is in many ways r...
Grammar induction
Grammar induction, also known as grammatical inference or syntactic pattern recognition, refers to the process in machine learning of learning a formal grammar (usually as a collection of re-write ru...
Shadow biosphere
A shadow biosphere is a hypothetical microbial biosphere of Earth that uses radically different biochemical and molecular processes than currently known life. Although life on Earth is relatively well...
Organoboron chemistry
Organoborane or organoboron compounds are chemical compounds that are organic derivatives of BH3, for example trialkyl boranes. Organoboron chemistry or organoborane chemistry is the chemistry of thes...
Organoboron chemistry - Wikipedia
Scientists Find Evidence for Alternate Theory of How Life Arose
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) offers a twist on a popular theory for how life on Earth began about...
Christopher Voigt
Christopher Voigt is an American synthetic biologist, molecular biophysicist, and engineer. He is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Engineering] at the Massachusetts Institute of ...