American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)
The African-American Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against black ...
American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) - Wikipedia
Selma to Montgomery: 50 Years Later
Fifty years ago, on March 7, 1965, hundreds of people gathered in Selma, Alabama to march to the capital city of Montgomery. They marched to ensure that African Americans could exercise their constitu...
Timeline of the African-American Civil Rights Movement
This is a timeline of the African-American Civil Rights Movement, a freedom movement to gain equality for African Americans which began with the arrival of the first Africans to North America in 1619,...
Timeline of the African-American Civil Rights Movement - Wikipedia
Brown v. Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black an...
Rosa Parks
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American Civil Rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mo...
Rosa Parks - Wikipedia
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Mont...
Montgomery Bus Boycott - Wikipedia
Little Rock Nine
The Little Rock Nine were a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students ...
Little Rock Nine - Wikipedia
Greensboro sit-ins
The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1960 which led to the Woolworth department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the So...
Greensboro sit-ins - Wikipedia
Nashville sit-ins
The Nashville sit-ins, which lasted from February 13 to May 10, 1960, were part of a nonviolent direct action campaign to end racial segregation at lunch counters in downtown Nashville, Tennessee. The...
Nashville sit-ins - Wikipedia
Freedom Rider
Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and following years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Suprem...
Albany movement
The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, on November 17, 1961, by local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Associati...
Birmingham campaign
The Birmingham campaign, or 1963 Birmingham movement, was a movement organized in early 1963 by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the integration efforts of Afr...
Birmingham campaign - Wikipedia
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the March on Washington, or The Great March on Washington as styled in a sound recording released after the event, was one of the largest political rallie...
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom - Wikipedia
St. Augustine Movement
The St. Augustine movement was a civil rights movement that took place in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1963–1964. It was part of the wider African-American Civil Rights Movement. It was a major event in...
St. Augustine Movement - Wikipedia
Freedom Summer
Freedom Summer (also known as the Mississippi Summer Project) was a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississipp...
Freedom Summer - Wikipedia
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was an American political party created in the state of Mississippi in 1964, during the civil rights movement. It was organized by African Americans fro...
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party - Wikipedia
Selma to Montgomery marches
The three Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965 were part of the Voting Rights Movement underway in Selma, Alabama. By highlighting racial injustice in the South, they contributed to passage that year o...
Selma to Montgomery marches - Wikipedia
Voting Rights Act
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting. It was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson duri...
Voting Rights Act - Wikipedia
Poor People's Campaign
The Poor People's Campaign was a 1968 effort to gain economic justice for poor people in the United States. It was organized by Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference...
Poor People's Campaign - Wikipedia
Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American clergyman and civil rights leader who was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on Thursday, April 4, 1968, at the age of 39. King was rushed...
Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikipedia
Orangeburg massacre
The Orangeburg Massacre refers to the shooting of protesters by South Carolina Highway Patrol Officers in Orangeburg, South Carolina near South Carolina State University on the evening of February 8, ...
African-American - Jewish relations
African Americans and American Jews have interacted throughout much of the history of the United States. This relationship has included widely publicized cooperation and conflict, and—since the 1970s—...
African-American - Jewish relations - Wikipedia
Brownsville, Brooklyn
Brownsville is a residential neighborhood located in eastern Brooklyn, New York City. The total land area is 1.163 square miles (3.01 km), and the ZIP codes for the neighborhood are 11212 and 11...
Brownsville, Brooklyn - Wikipedia
Mass racial violence in the United States
Mass racial violence in the United States, also called race riots, can include such disparate events as:
Riots defined by "race" have taken place between ethnic groups in the United States since a...
Mass racial violence in the United States - Wikipedia
Black Power
Black Power is a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African/Black descent. It is used by African Americans in the United...
The Communist Party and African-Americans
The Communist Party USA, ideologically committed to foster a Socialist revolution in the United States, played a significant role in defending the civil rights of African Americans during its most inf...
Funeral of Martin Luther King, Jr.
The first memorial service following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968, took place the following day at the R.S. Lewis Funeral Home in Memphis, Tennessee. This was followed...
Funeral of Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikipedia
Black Arts Movement
The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic branch of the Black Power movement. It was started in Harlem by writer and activist Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones). ...
Black Arts Movement - Wikipedia
Selma to Montgomery: 50 Years Later
Fifty years ago, on March 7, 1965, hundreds of people gathered in Selma, Alabama to march to the capital city of Montgomery. They marched to ensure that African Americans could exercise their constitu...
Nadir of American race relations
The "nadir of American race relations" was the period in the history of the Southern United States from the end of Reconstruction in 1877 through the early 20th century, when racism in the country was...
Nadir of American race relations - Wikipedia