Ancient Macedonian army
The army of the Kingdom of Macedonia was among the greatest military forces of the ancient world. It was created and made formidable by King Philip II of Macedon; previously the army of Macedon had be...
Ancient Macedonian army - Wikipedia
Prodromoi
In ancient Greece, the Prodromoi (singular: Prodromos) were the skirmisher light cavalry. Their name (ancient Greek: πρόδρομοι, prοdromoi, lit. "pre-cursors," "runners-before," or "runners-ahead") mea...
Macedonian phalanx
The Macedonian phalanx is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Persian Empire and other armies. Phalanxes remained dominant on battlefie...
Macedonian phalanx - Wikipedia
Dimachae
Dimachae (from Ancient Greek διμάχαι from δί- di- (from δίς dis, "two, double, twice") and μάχη mache "fight") were Macedonian horse-soldiers, who also fought on foot when occasion required. Their arm...
Carpaea
Carpaea (Greek: καρπαία) among the Aenianians, Magnesians, and Macedonians was a kind of mimic military dance, performed by two persons; the one acting as a laborer, the other as a robber. It is descr...
Xyston
The xyston (Ancient Greek: ξυστόν "spear, javelin; pointed stick, goad") was a type of a long thrusting spear in ancient Greece. It measured about 3.5–4.25 meters (11.5–13.9 ft) long and was...
Xyston - Wikipedia
Strategos
Strategos, plural strategoi, (Greek: στρατηγός, pl. στρατηγοί; Doric Greek: στραταγός, stratagos; literally meaning "army leader") is used in Greek to mean military general. In the Hellenistic wo...
Strategos - Wikipedia
Bematist
Bematists or bematistae (Ancient Greek βηματισταί, from βῆμα bema 'pace'), were specialists in ancient Greece who were trained to measure distances by counting their steps.
Bematists accompanied A...
Navarch
Navarch (Greek: ναύαρχος, pronounced návarchos) is a Greek word meaning "leader of the ships", which in some states became the title of an office equivalent to that of a modern admiral.
Not al...
Taxiarch
Taxiarch, the anglicized form of taxiarchos or taxiarchēs (Greek: ταξίαρχος or ταξιάρχης) is used in the Greek language to mean "brigadier". The term derives from táxis, "order", in military conte...
Argyraspides
The Argyraspides (in Greek: Ἀργυράσπιδες "Silver Shields"), were a division of the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great, who were so called because they carried silver-plated shields. They were ...
Hypaspists
A hypaspist (Greek: Ὑπασπιστής "shield bearer" or "shield covered") is a squire, man at arms, or "shield carrier". In Homer, Deiphobos advances "ὑπασπίδια" or under cover of his shield. By the tim...
Chiliarch
Chiliarch (from Greek: χιλίαρχος, chiliarchos, sometimes χιλιάρχης, chiliarches or χειλίαρχος, cheiliarchos; meaning "commander of a thousand") is a military rank dating back to Antiquity. The com...
Companion cavalry
The Companions (Greek: ἑταῖροι, hetairoi) were the elite cavalry of the Macedonian army from the time of king Philip II of Macedon and achieved their greatest prestige under Alexander the Great, a...
Companion cavalry - Wikipedia
Agrianes
The Agrianians (Ancient Greek: Ἀγρίανες, Agrianes) were a Paeonian-Thracian tribe whose country was centered at Upper Strymon, in present-day westernmost Bulgaria, and also held areas of southeasternm...
Sarissa
The sarissa or sarisa (Greek: σάρισα) was a 4–7 metres (13–23 ft) long spear, or pike, used in the ancient Greek and Hellenistic warfare. It was introduced by Philip II of Macedon and was use...
Sarissa - Wikipedia
Hetairoi
The Companions (Greek: ἑταῖροι, hetairoi) were the elite cavalry of the Macedonian army from the time of king Philip II of Macedon and achieved their greatest prestige under Alexander the Great, a...
Hetairoi - Wikipedia
Ancient Macedonian battle tactics
Ancient Macedonia employed a range of tactics and formations in their military campaigns, the most notable of these is the Macedonian phalanx, Developed by Philip II and used extensively on campaign b...
Ancient Macedonian battle tactics - Wikipedia
Phrourarch
Phrourarch or Phrourarchos is a Greek military title, meaning garrison commander. Athenians controlled their overseas empire with the episcopi and phrourarchs. The term was widely used by the Macedon...
List of ancient Macedonians
This is a list of the Ancient Macedonians of Greece (Greek: Μακεδόνες, Makedónes). For other uses, see List of Macedonians
Phalanx formation
The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass military formation, usually com...
Phalanx formation - Wikipedia