Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia
Below is a list of Ancient kingdoms in Anatolia. Anatolia (most of modern Turkey) was the home of many ancient kingdoms. This list does not include the earliest kingdoms, which were merely city state...
Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia - Wikipedia
Hittites - Lost Cities of the Ancients 3 The Dark Lords of Hattusha.
More than 3000 years ago a mysterious and ruthless civilization rose from nothing, created a brutal and unstoppable army and built an empire that rivalled E...
Miletus - Video
HD video of the ancient ruins at the archaeological site of Mileos, in the region of Caria, Turkey. In this clip: view of the Greek-Roman theater, the harbor...
Pergamon - Video
The ancient towns Pergamon and Sardes in Turkey.
Hattians
The Hattians (/ˈhætiənz/) were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in central Anatolia (present-day Turkey). The group was documented at least as early as the empire of Sargon of Akkad (...
Hattians - Wikipedia
Troy
Troy (Ancient Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion, or Ἴλιος, Ilios; and Τροία, Troia; Latin: Trōia and Īlium; Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish: Truva) is a city well-known to both history and legend (...
Troy - Wikipedia
Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) were an Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Su...
Hittites - Wikipedia
Hayasa-Azzi
Hayasa-Azzi or Azzi-Hayasa (Armenian: Հայասա) was a Late Bronze Age confederation formed between two kingdoms of Armenian Highlands, Hayasa located South of Trabzon and Azzi, located north of the ...
Hayasa-Azzi - Wikipedia
Arzawa
Arzawa in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC (roughly from late 15th century BC until the beginning of the 12th century BC) was the name of a region and a political entity (a "kingdom" or a fede...
Arzawa - Wikipedia
Kizzuwatna
Kizzuwatna (or Kizzuwadna; in Ancient Egyptian Kode), is the name of an ancient Anatolian kingdom in the 2nd millennium BC. It was situated in the highlands of southeastern Anatolia, near the Gulf of ...
Miletus
Miletus (/maɪˈliːtəs/; Ancient Greek: Μίλητος Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Latin: Miletus; Turkish: Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the wester...
Miletus - Wikipedia
Lukka lands
The Lukka lands are often mentioned in Hittite texts from the 2nd millennium BC. It denotes a region in the southwestern part of Anatolia. The Lukka lands were never put under permanent Hittite contro...
Assuwa league
The Assuwa league was a confederation of states in western Anatolia, defeated by the Hittites under an earlier Tudhaliya I around 1400 BC. The league formed to oppose the Hittite empire. The list of i...
Assuwa league - Wikipedia
Phrygia
In antiquity, Phrygia (/ˈfrɪdʒiə/; Greek: Φρυγία, [pʰryɡía], Turkish: Frigya) was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Turkey, centered on the Sakarya River.The Phryg...
Phrygia - Wikipedia
Lydia
Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Greek: Λυδία, Turkish: Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Man...
Lydia - Wikipedia
Neo-Hittites
The states that are called Neo-Hittite, or more recently Syro-Hittite were Luwian, Aramaic and Phoenician-speaking political entities of the Iron Age in northern Syria and southern Anatolia that arose...
Neo-Hittites - Wikipedia
Urartu
Urartu (Armenian: Ուրարտու - Urartu, Assyrian: māt Urarṭu; Babylonian: Urashtu), corresponding to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat (Armenian: Արարատյան Թագավորություն) or Kingdom of Van (Armenia...
Urartu - Wikipedia
Bithynia
Bithynia (/bɨˈθɪniə/; Greek Βιθυνία Bithynia) was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine Sea.It bor...
Bithynia - Wikipedia
Antigonid dynasty
The Antigonid dynasty (/ænˈtɪɡɵnɪd/; Greek: Ἀντιγονίδαι) was a dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed").
Succeeding the ...
Antigonid dynasty - Wikipedia
Pergamon
Pergamon /ˈpɜrɡəmən/ or /ˈpɜrɡəmɒn/ or Pergamum /ˈpɜrɡəməm/ (Ancient Greek: τὸ Πέργαμον, to Pergamon, or ἡ Πέργαμος, hē Pergamos) was an ancient Greek city in Aeolis, currently located 26 kilomet...
Pergamon - Wikipedia
Galatia
Ancient Galatia (/ɡəˈleɪʃə/; Greek: Γαλατία) was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia (Ankara, Çorum, Yozgat Province) in modern Turkey. Galatia was named for the immigrant Gauls from Thra...
Galatia - Wikipedia
Pontus
Pontus (/ˈpɒntəs/; Greek: Πόντος, "sea",) is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day northeastern Anatolia, Turkey. The name was a...
Pontus - Wikipedia
Commagene
The Kingdom of Commagene (Armenian: Կոմմագենէի Թագավորութիւն, Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Kομμαγηνῆς) was an ancient Armenian kingdom of the Hellenistic period.Little is known of the region of Commag...
Bastam Citadel
Bastam (Persian: بسطام‎) is the site of an ancient Urartian citadel from ca. the 7th century BC, located in modern northwestern Iran. On August 9, 2007, it was proposed to be a UNESCO World Her...
Arnuwanda I
Arnuwanda I was a king of the Hittite empire. He became a ruler by marriage and was very religious.
Arnuwanda became a king by marriage. His wife was Ašmu-nikal, daughter of king Tudhaliya I. He b...
Jarri
Hittite mythology and Hittite religion were the religious beliefs and practices of the Hittites, who created an empire centered in what is now modern-day Turkey from ca. 1,600 BC to 1,180 BC anMost of...