Anti-clericalism
Anti-clericalism refers to historical movements that oppose the clergy for reasons including their actual or alleged power and influence in all aspects of public and political life and their involveme...
Anti-clericalism - Wikipedia
Anti-clericalism in Latin America
Anti-clericalism in Latin America sprang up in opposition to the power and influence of the Catholic Church in colonial and post-colonial Latin America.
Of the population of Latin America, now wel...
Anti-clericalism in Latin America - Wikipedia
Reform War
The Reform War (Spanish: Guerra de Reforma) in Mexico is one of the episodes of the long struggle between Liberal and Conservative forces that dominated the country’s history in the 19th century. ...
Reform War - Wikipedia
Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War
Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War is the name given by the Catholic Church to the people who were killed by Republicans during the war because of their faith. As of July 2008, almost one thousand Spa...
Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War - Wikipedia
Anticlericalism and Freemasonry
The question of whether Freemasonry is Anticlerical is the subject of debate. The Catholic Church has long been an outspoken critic of Freemasonry, and some scholars have often accused the fraternity ...
Anticlericalism and Freemasonry - Wikipedia
Anti-Catholicism in the United States
Hostility to Catholics and their Church was prominent among Protestants in Britain and Germany from the Protestant Reformation onwards. Immigrants brought that hostility with them to the American colo...
Anti-Catholicism in the United States - Wikipedia
Anti-clerical art
Anti-clerical art is a genre of art portraying clergy, especially Roman Catholic clergy, in unflattering contexts. It was especially popular in France during the second half of the 19th century, at a...
Anti-clerical art - Wikipedia
Eleuterio Felice Foresti
Eleuterio Felice Foresti (1793 – September 14, 1858) was an Italian patriot and scholar.
He was born at Conselice, graduated at the University of Bologna, practiced law at Ferrara, ...
Eleuterio Felice Foresti - Wikipedia
Michael McCarthy (Irish lawyer)
Michael John Fitzgerald McCarthy (born in Midleton, County Cork (1864 – 26 October 1928) was an Irish lawyer and an anti-clerical author.
McCarthy was the son of Denis and Catherine McCarthy. In ...
Alta Vendita
The Permanent Instruction of the Alta Vendita (commonly called the Alta Vendita) is a document, originally published in Italian in the 19th century, purportedly produced by the highest lodge of the It...
Alta Vendita - Wikipedia
Ku Klux Klan
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or simply "the Klan", is the name of three distinct movements in the United States. The first began violence against African Americans in the South during the Reconstruction Er...
Ku Klux Klan - Wikipedia
Prisoner in the Vatican
A prisoner in the Vatican or prisoner of the Vatican (Italian: prigioniero del Vaticano) is how Pope Pius IX was described following the capture of Rome by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy...
Ecclesiam a Jesu Christo
Ecclesiam a Jesu Christo was a Papal constitution promulgated by Pius VII in 1821.It stated that Freemasons must be excommunicated for their oath bound secrecy of the society and conspiracies against ...
Peep o' Day Boys
The Peep o' Day Boys was an agrarian Protestant association in 18th century Ireland. Originally noted as being an agrarian society around 1779–80, from 1785 it became the Protestant component of the s...
Carbonari
The Carbonari (charcoal burners) were groups of secret revolutionary societies founded in early 19th-century Italy. The Italian Carbonari may have further influenced other revolutionary groups in Spai...
Louis André
Louis André (28 March 1838, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Côte-d'Or – 18 March 1913) was France's Minister of War from 1900 until 1904. Loyal to the laïque Third Republic, he was anti-Catholic, militantly an...
Louis André - Wikipedia
Vanina Vanini
Vanina Vanini is a short story published in 1829 by Stendhal (1783–1842), the nom de plume of Marie-Henri Beyle. Set in 1830s during the early Risorgimento, when Italy was under Austrian control, it c...
Vanina Vanini - Wikipedia
Edgardo Mortara
Edgardo Levi Mortara (Bologna, Papal States, August 27, 1851 – Liège, Belgium, March 11, 1940) was born as an Italian Jew and became the center of an international controversy when he was abduct...
Edgardo Mortara - Wikipedia
First Portuguese Republic
The First Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Primeira República) spans a complex 16-year period in the history of Portugal, between the end of the period of constitutional monarchy marked b...
First Portuguese Republic - Wikipedia
Italian unification
Italian unification (Italian Risorgimento [risordʒiˈmento], meaning the Resurgence) was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single st...
Italian unification - Wikipedia
Francesco Brunery
Francesco Brunery (1849–1926), also known as Frappachino Brunson and as François Bruneri, was an Italian academic painter. He was born in Turin, Italy and studied with Jean-Léon Gérôme and Léon Bon...
Francesco Brunery - Wikipedia
Affaire Des Fiches
L'Affaire des Fiches de délation (“affair of the cards of denunciation”) was a political scandal in France in 1904–1905 in which it was discovered that the militantly anticlerical War Minister u...
Candide
Candide, ou l'Optimisme (/ˌkænˈdiːd/; French: [kɑ̃did]) is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with ...
Candide - Wikipedia