Cursed soldiers
The cursed soldiers (that is, "accursed soldiers" or "damned soldiers"; Polish: Żołnierze wyklęci) is a name applied to a variety of Polish resistance movements formed in the later stages of World...
Cursed soldiers - Wikipedia
National Democracy
National Democracy (Polish: Narodowa Demokracja, also known from its abbreviation ND as "Endecja") was a Polish political movement active from the second half of the 19th century under the foreign...
National Democracy - Wikipedia
NIE (resistance)
NIE, short for Niepodległość ("Independence"), "NIE" means also "NO" in Polish - was a Polish anticommunist resistance organisation formed in 1943. Its main goal was the struggle against the Soviet Un...
Vagarshak Ter-Vaganyan
Vagarshak Arutyunovich Ter-Vaganyan (Armenian: Վաղարշակ Հարությունի Տեր-Վահանյան, 1893–1936) was an Armenian communist party leader who was one of the first victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge....
Vagarshak Ter-Vaganyan - Wikipedia
Orange Alternative
Orange Alternative (Pomarańczowa Alternatywa) is a name for an underground protest movement which was started in Wrocław, a city in south-west Poland and led by Waldemar Fydrych (sometimes misspelled ...
Orange Alternative - Wikipedia
Polish 7th Air Escadrille
Polish 7th Air Escadrille (Polish: 7. Eskadra Lotnicza), better known as the Kościuszko Squadron, was one of the units of the Polish Air Force during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1921. Formed in ...
Polish 7th Air Escadrille - Wikipedia
Radio Solidarity
Radio Solidarity is the name of a radio show produced by the anarchist Workers Solidarity Movement, based in Ireland. It is broadcast on Near 90fm and podcast globally, covering current issues, politi...
Radio Solidarity - Wikipedia
1951 Mokotów Prison execution
On March 1, 1951, the Soviet-controlled communist Polish secret police, Urząd Bezpieczeństwa (UB), carried out an execution of seven members of the 4th Headquarters of anti-Communist organization Woln...
1951 Mokotów Prison execution - Wikipedia
Lev Kamenev
Lev Borisovich Kamenev (Russian: Лев Бори́сович Ка́менев, [ˈlʲɛf bɐˈrʲisəvʲɪtɕ ˈkamʲɪnʲɪf]; 18 July [O.S. 6 July] 1883 – 25 August 1936), born Rozenfeld (Russian: Ро́зенфельд...
Lev Kamenev - Wikipedia
National League (Poland)
National League (Polish: Liga Narodowa) was a conspirational Polish organization active in all three partitions. It was founded in April 1893 from the transformed Polish League. National League wa...
Polish 1970 protests
The Polish 1970 protests (Polish: Grudzień 1970) occurred in northern Poland in December 1970. The protests were sparked by a sudden increase of prices of food and other everyday items. As a resul...
Polish 1970 protests - Wikipedia
Pinsk massacre
The Pinsk massacre was the mass execution of thirty-five Jewish residents of Pinsk on April 5, 1919 by the Polish Army. The event occurred during the opening stages of the Polish-Soviet War, after the...
Pinsk massacre - Wikipedia
Fighting Solidarity
Fighting Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność Walcząca) was a Polish anti-communist underground organization, founded in 1982 by Kornel Morawiecki in Wrocław in response to the de-legalization of Solid...
Fighting Solidarity - Wikipedia
Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights
Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights (Polish: Ruch Obrony Praw Człowieka i Obywatela, ROPCiO) was a right-wing political and social organization formed in People's Republic of Poland in ...
Conference of Solidarity Support Organizations
Conference of Solidarity Support Organizations (CSSO) is an organisation aimed at uniting groups with the common purpose of supporting the trade union Solidarnosc, and human rights in Poland. Member o...
Conference of Solidarity Support Organizations - Wikipedia
1981 warning strike in Poland
In the early spring of 1981, the quickly growing Solidarity movement faced one of the biggest challenges in its short history, when during the Bydgoszcz events, several members of Solidarity, includi...
Polish National Committee (1914–17)
Polish National Committee (Polish: Komitet Narodowy Polski) was formed in Russian partition during World War I, and grouped Polish politicians who wanted to advance the Polish cause by supporting ...
Karol Chmiel
Karol Chmiel (1911–1951) was born on April 17, 1911 in the village of Zagorzyce (now in Ropczyce-Sędziszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship) to a peasant family of Antoni and Katarzyna née Charchut. ...
National-Democratic Party (Poland)
The National Democratic Party (Polish: Stronnictwo Demokratyczno-Narodowe, SDN) was a secret political party created in 1897 in the Russian Partition of Poland by the National League (Liga Narodow...
National-Democratic Party (Poland) - Wikipedia
1988 Polish strikes
The 1988 Polish strikes were a massive wave of workers' strikes which broke out in 1988 in the People’s Republic of Poland. The strikes, as well as street demonstrations, continued throughout spring a...
Emil August Fieldorf
Emil August Fieldorf "Nil" (20 March 1895 – 24 February 1953) was a Polish Brigadier General. He was Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) or AK, after the failure of the Wa...
Emil August Fieldorf - Wikipedia