Internal resistance to South African apartheid
Internal resistance to the apartheid system in South Africa came from several sectors of society and saw the creation of organizations dedicated variously to peaceful protests, passive resistance and ...
Markus Kooper
Reverend Markus Kooper (12 September 1918 – 9 December 2005) was a Namibian activist, educator and religious figure. From Hoachanas in the Hardap Region, Kooper was one of the first Namibians who trav...
South-West Africa
South-West Africa (Afrikaans: Suidwes-Afrika; Dutch: Zuidwest-Afrika; German: Südwestafrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was ruled by the German Empire and later South Africa.
As a...
South-West Africa - Wikipedia
SWANU
The South West Africa National Union (SWANU) is the oldest political party in Namibia, formed in 1959. Most of its members came from the Herero people, while fellow independence movement SWAPO was mos...
SWANU - Wikipedia
Apartheid legislation in South Africa
The system of racial segregation in South Africa known as apartheid was implemented and enforced by a large number of acts and other laws. This legislation served to institutionalise racial discrimina...
Gwen Lister
Gwen Lister (born 5 December 1953 in East London, South Africa) is a Namibian journalist, publisher, apartheid opponent and press freedom activist.
Growing up under the apartheid system, she resol...
Leaders of Namaland

DTA - Democratic Turnhalle Alliance
SWAPO
The SWAPO Party of Namibia (SWAPO, [ˈswɑːpəʊ]), formerly South West Africa People's Organization (German: Südwestafrikanische Volksorganisation, SWAVO; Afrikaans: Suidwes-Afrikaanse Volk-Organisasie, ...
SWAPO - Wikipedia
Hifikepunye Pohamba
Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (born 18 August 1935) is a Namibian politician who was President of Namibia from 2005 to 2015. He won the 2004 election overwhelmingly as the candidate of SWAPO, the ruling p...
Hifikepunye Pohamba - Wikipedia
Leaders of Rehoboth

RFP - Rehoboth Freedom Party
History of Namibia
The history of Namibia has passed through several distinct stages from being colonised in the late nineteenth century to Namibia's independence on 21 March 1990.From 1884, Namibia was a German colony:...
History of Namibia - Wikipedia
South West African Police
The South West African Police were the police force of South West Africa, now Namibia. They existed from 1920 to 1939, and again from 1981 to 1990.The force was originally established when South Afric...
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance
The Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) (German: Demokratische Turnhallenallianz) (Afrikaans: Demokratiese Turnhalle Alliansie) is an amalgamation of political parties in Namibia, registered a...
South West African Territorial Force
The South West African Territorial Force (SWATF) was an auxiliary arm of the South African Defence Force and comprised the armed forces of South West Africa (now Namibia) from 1977 to 1989. It emerged...
German South-West Africa
German South-West Africa (German: Deutsch-Südwestafrika, DSWA) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1915, with an area of 835,100 km², it was one and a half times the size of the...
German South-West Africa - Wikipedia
Leaders of Ovamboland
(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)
CDA - Christian Democratic Action
Bantustan
A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part ...
Bantustan - Wikipedia
Koevoet
The Koevoet ([ˈkuːfut], translated to crowbar, abbreviated Operation K or SWAPOL-COIN) was a major paramilitary organisation under South African-administered South-West Africa, now the Republic of Nam...
Koevoet - Wikipedia
Leaders of East Caprivi

DTA - Democratic Turnhalle Alliance
Anna Mungunda
Anna "Kakurukaze" Mungunda (1932–10 December 1959) was a Namibian woman of Herero descent. She was the only woman among the casualties of the Old Location uprising in Windhoek on 10 December 1959. Sin...
Permanent Force
The Permanent Force was an integral part of both the South African Defence Force and the South West Africa Territorial Force and other British Commonwealth militaries. It consisted of all the full-tim...
Where Others Wavered
Where Others Wavered: The Autobiography of Sam Nujoma - My Life in SWAPO and My Participation in the Liberation Struggle of Namibia, commonly known as Where Others Wavered, is an autobiographical work...