Sarah (chimpanzee)
Sarah is an enculturated research chimpanzee whose cognitive skills are documented in The Mind of an Ape, by David Premack and Ann James Premack (1983). Sarah was one of nine chimpanzees in David Pr...
Panzee and Panbanisha
Panbanisha (November 17, 1985 – November 6, 2012), also known by the lexigram , was a female bonobo that featured in studies on great ape language by Sue Savage-Rumbaugh. Panbanisha was the daug...
Azy (orangutan)
Azy (pronounced AY-zee), is a 21-year-old male orangutan. In 1995, Azy began living at the Think Tank building and participating in the Zoo's Orangutan Language Project with Rob Shumaker. On Septembe...
Loulis (chimpanzee)
Loulis (born May 10, 1978) is a chimpanzee who has learned to communicate in American Sign Language.Loulis was named for two caregivers (Louise and Lisa) at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center...
Great ape language
Research into great ape language has involved teaching chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans to communicate with human beings (even though humans are themselves great apes as well) and with e...
Lana (chimpanzee)
Lana (born on October 7, 1970) is a female chimpanzee, the first to be used in language research using lexigrams. She was born at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University, and t...
Koko (gorilla)
Hanabiko "Koko" (born July 4, 1971) is a female western lowland gorilla who is known for having learned a large number of hand signs from a modified version of American Sign Language (ASL). Her train...
Koko (gorilla) - Wikipedia
Lucy Temerlin
Lucy (1964–1987) was a chimpanzee owned by the Institute for Primate Studies in Oklahoma, and raised by Maurice K. Temerlin, Ph.D., a psychotherapist and professor at the University of Oklahoma and hi...
Lucy Temerlin - Wikipedia
Chantek
Chantek (born December 17, 1977, at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center in Atlanta, Georgia) is a male orangutan who has mastered the use of a number of intellectual skills, including sign lan...
Ai (chimpanzee)
Ai (born in 1976) is a female chimpanzee currently living at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University (acronym KUPRI). She is known for being the principal subject of the Ai project, a resea...
Nim Chimpsky
Nim Chimpsky (November 19, 1973 – March 10, 2000) was a chimpanzee who was the subject of an extended study of animal language acquisition (codenamed 6.001) at Columbia University, led by Herbert S. T...
Nim Chimpsky - Wikipedia
Michael (gorilla)
Michael Puig (March 17, 1973, Cameroon – April 19, 2000) was the first male 'talking' gorilla. He had a working vocabulary of over 600 signs in American Sign Language, taught to him by Koko, a female...
Viki (chimpanzee)
Viki was the subject of one of the first experiments in ape language. Viki was raised by Keith and Catherine Hayes in the same manner as a human infant, to see if she could learn human words. She was ...
Kanzi
Kanzi (born October 28, 1980), also known by the lexigram (from the character 太), is a male bonobo who has been featured in several studies on great ape language. According to Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, a ...
Project Nim (film)
Project Nim is a 2011 British documentary film. It has won 16 awards, as well as being nominated for a BAFTA.
The film focuses on Project Nim, a research project that was mounted to determine whe...
Washoe (chimpanzee)
Washoe (c. September 1965 – October 30, 2007) was a female common chimpanzee who was the first non-human to learn to communicate using American Sign Language—to a limited degree—as part of...
Washoe (chimpanzee) - Wikipedia