Arauco War
The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía. After many initial Spanish successes in penetrating Mapuche territory, the...
Arauco War - Wikipedia
Destruction of Seven Cities
The Destruction of the Seven Cities (Spanish: Destrucción de las siete ciudades)is a term used in Chilean historiography to refer to the destruction or abandonment of seven major Spanish outposts ...
Guerra a muerte
Guerra a muerte (lit. English: War to the death) is a term coined by Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna and used in Chilean historiography to describe the irregular, no-quarter warfare that broke out from 1819 ...
Mapuche conflict
Mapuche conflict is a collective name for the revival and reorganization of Mapuche communities for greater autonomy, recognition of rights and the recovery of land since the Chilean transition to dem...
Mapuche conflict - Wikipedia
Pedro de Viscarra
Pedro de Viscarra de la Barrera, twice Royal Governor of Chile, was an old lawyer who had arrived in the Captaincy General of Chile from Spain in 1590. Alonso de Sotomayor went to Peru on July 30, 159...
Pedro de Viscarra - Wikipedia
Parliament of Malloco
The Parliament of Malloco was held between governor Juan Henríquez de Villalobos and leaders of the Mapuche in January 1671, at Malloco southwest of Santiago, Chile.One of the conditions stipulated in...
Destruction of the Seven Cities
The Destruction of the Seven Cities (Spanish: Destrucción de las siete ciudades)is a term used in Chilean historiography to refer to the destruction or abandonment of seven major Spanish outposts ...
1712 Huilliche rebellion
The 1712 Huilliche rebellion was an indigenous uprising against the Spanish encomenderos of Chiloé Archipelago, which was then a part of the Captaincy General of Chile. The rebellion took place in the...
1712 Huilliche rebellion - Wikipedia
Battle of Catirai
The Battle of Catirai on January 7, 1569 between the Mapuche army of Toqui Llanganabal and the Spanish army led by Martín Ruiz de Gamboa that resulted in a Mapuche victory.
In 1569. Llanganabal ha...
Battle of Quilacura
Battle of Quilacura was a battle in the Arauco War, fought at night, four leagues from the Bio-Bio River, between the Spanish expedition of Pedro de Valdivia and a force of Mapuche warriors led by Mal...
Quepuantú
Quepuantú (died 1632) was an indigenous Chilean Moluche toqui (military leader) in the 17th century. He was known for his leadership in the Arauco War and succeaded Butapichón in commanded the Mapuche...
Battle of Andalien
The battle of Andalien, fought in early February 1550, was a night action between 20,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot wit...
Catalina de Erauso
Catalina de Erauso or Katalina Erauso, also known in Spanish as La Monja Alférez (English, The Nun Lieutenant) (1592, San Sebastián, Spain—1650, Cuetlaxtla (near Orizaba), New Spain), was a personalit...
Catalina de Erauso - Wikipedia
Battle of Tucapel
The Battle of Tucapel (also known as the Disaster of Tucapel) is the name given to a battle fought between Spanish conquistador forces led by Pedro de Valdivia and Mapuche (Araucanian) Indians under L...
Battle of Tucapel - Wikipedia
Battle of Marihueñu
Battle of Marihueñu was one of the early decisive battles of the Arauco War between the Mapuche leader Lautaro and the Spanish general Francisco de Villagra on 23 February 1554.
After the defeat a...
Battle of Millarapue
The Battle of Millarapue that occurred November 30, 1557 was intended by the Toqui Caupolicán as a Mapuche ambush of the Spanish army of García Hurtado de Mendoza that resulted in a Spanish victory wh...
Battle of Peteroa
Battle of Peteroa was a battle in the Arauco War in 1556, in a plain beside a river in the Mataquito River valley, called Peteroa. The battle was between the Spanish forces of Pedro de Villagra, and ...
Battle of Penco
The Battle of Penco, on March 12, 1550 was a battle between 60,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo with his Araucan and Tucapel allies and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse...
Battle of Angol
Battle of Angol was a battle fought between the Mapuche and the Spanish conquerors in March 1564.
In Los Infantes captain Lorenzo Bernal del Mercado had discovered that the rebels had constructed ...
Tasa de Gamboa
Tasa de Gamboa or Rate of Gamboa was a money tax rate applied to the indigenous peoples in the Kingdom of Chile by the Governor Martin Ruiz de Gamboa, in place of the tribute of personal service in th...
Tasa de Gamboa - Wikipedia
Parliament of Negrete (1793)
The 1793 Parliament of Negrete was a diplomatic meeting between Mapuches and Spanish authorities held in Negrete. The parliament was held from March 4 to March 6 of 1793. 161 caciques and 2380 Mapuche...
Santísima Trinidad (fort)
Santísima Trinidad or Most Holy Trinity was a fortress in the Kingdom of Chile that existed on the north shore of the Bio-Bio River in what is now the Bío Bío Province. It was built directly across t...
Disaster of Curalaba
The Battle of Curalaba is the name given to the battle and ambush where Mapuche people led by Pelantaru soundly defeated Spanish conquerors led by Martín García Óñez de Loyola at Curalaba, southern Ch...
Quintunguenu
Quintunguenu (died 1591) was a Mapuche caudillo, or military leader. He was known for his valor in the assault of Marihuenu in 1591. He died fighting against the Spanish in the mountains of Marihuenu...
Battle of Quiapo
73°35′9.50″W / 37.4397000°S 73.5859722°W / -37.4397000; -73.5859722Battle of Quiapo in the Arauco War was the final battle in the campaign of García Hurtado de Mendoza against...
Battle of Quiapo - Wikipedia