Attitudes to animals in the ancient world
The 21st-century debates about animal welfare and animal rights can be traced back to the ancient world.
Jainism, dating from the 6th century BCE, is the oldest religious philosophy which has advo...
Attitudes to animals in the ancient world - Wikipedia
Ahimsa in Jainism
Ahiṃsā is a fundamental principle forming the cornerstone of its ethics and doctrine in Jainism. The term ahimsa (Sanskrit: अहिंसा, Ahiṃsā) means nonviolence, non-injury or absence of desire to h...
Ahimsa in Jainism - Wikipedia
Greek philosophy
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire. It dealt with a wide variety...
Kashrut
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus, כַּשְׁרוּת) is the set of Jewish religious dietary laws. Food that may be consumed according to halakha (Jewish law) is termed kosher in English, from the Ashkenazi ...
Kashrut - Wikipedia
Legal aspects of ritual slaughter
The legal aspects of ritual slaughter include the regulation of slaughterhouses, butchers, and religious personnel involved with traditional shechita (Jewish) and dhabiha (Islamic). Regulations also m...
Nephesh
Nephesh (נֶפֶש) is a Biblical Hebrew word which occurs in the Hebrew Bible. The word refers to the tangible aspects of life, and human beings and higher animals are both described as having a nephesh....
Ritual slaughter
Ritual slaughter is the practice of slaughtering livestock for meat in the context of a ritual. Ritual slaughter involves a prescribed method of slaughtering an animal for food production purposes. Th...
Shechita
The Hebrew term shechita (anglicized: /ʃəxiːˈtɑː/; Hebrew: שחיטה‎, [ʃχiˈta]), also transliterated shehitah, shechitah, shehita, means the slaughtering of mammals and birds for food. In Hebrew th...
Shechita - Wikipedia
Tanakh
The Tanakh (/tɑːˈnɑːx/; Hebrew: תַּנַ"ךְ‎, [taˈnaχ] or [təˈnax]; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach) or Mikra is the canon of the Hebrew Bible. The traditional Hebrew text is known as the Masoretic Text...
Tanakh - Wikipedia
Natural law
Natural law, or the law of nature (Latin: lex naturalis; ius naturale), is a system of law that is determined by nature, and so is universal. Classically, natural law refers to the use of reason t...
Natural law - Wikipedia
Natural rights
Natural and legal rights are two types of rights. Legal rights are those bestowed onto a person by a given legal system. Natural rights are those not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of a...
Natural rights - Wikipedia
Roman law
Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including Roman Military Jurisdiction and the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the 12 Tables (c. 449 BC), to the ...
Ahimsa
Ahimsa (Sanskrit: अहिंसा; IAST: ahiṃsā, Pāli: avihiṃsā) is a term meaning 'compassion' and 'not to injure'. The word is derived from the Sanskrit root hiṃs – to strike; hiṃsā is injury or harm, a-...
Ahimsa - Wikipedia
Animals in Buddhism
The position and treatment of animals in Buddhism is important for the light it sheds on Buddhists' perception of their own relation to the natural world, on Buddhist humanitarian concerns in general,...
Buddhist vegetarianism
In Buddhism, the views on vegetarianism vary between different schools of thought. According to Theravada, the Buddha allowed his monks to eat pork, chicken and fish if the monk was aware that the ani...
Cattle in religion
Cattle are considered sacred in world religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and others. Earlier religions in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Israel and Ancient Rome held similar b...
Cattle in religion - Wikipedia
Shambo
"Shambo" (c.2001 – 26 July 2007) was a black Friesian bull living in the Hindu Skanda Vale Temple near Llanpumsaint in Wales but some people disagree, who had been adopted by the local Hindu community...
Shambo - Wikipedia
Halal
For disambiguation of alternate spelling, see HallalḤalāl (Arabic: حلال‎ ḥalāl, 'permissible') or hallal is any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Isl...
Islam and animals
In Islam, the Qur'an strongly enjoins Muslims to treat animals with compassion and not to abuse them. All creatures are believed to praise God, even if this praise is not expressed in human language.T...
Islam and animals - Wikipedia
Jewish English Bible translations
Jewish English Bible translations are English translations of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) according to the Masoretic Text, in the traditional division and order of Torah, Nevi'im, and Ketuvim. Most Jewi...
Jewish English Bible translations - Wikipedia
Medieval Roman law
Medieval Roman law is the continuation and development of ancient Roman law that developed in the European Late Middle Ages. Based on the ancient text of Roman law, the Corpus iuris civilis, it added ...
Development of the Jewish Bible canon
Rabbinic Judaism recognizes the 24 books of the Masoretic Text, commonly called the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, as authoritative. Modern scholarship suggests that the most recently written are the books o...
Heraclitus
Heraclitus of Ephesus (/ˌhɛrəˈklaɪtəs/; Greek: Ἡράκλειτος ὁ Ἐφέσιος, Hērákleitos ho Ephésios; c. 535 – c. 475 BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a native of the Greek city Ephesus, Io...
Heraclitus - Wikipedia
Animal sacrifice in Sikhism
Ritual slaughter of animals (mostly goats) which employs technique of Jhatka is practiced by certain sects within Sikhism on certain religious events. This sacrifice is now only popular among Nihan...
Jain vegetarianism
Jain vegetarian diet is practiced by the followers of Jain culture and philosophy. It is one of the most rigorous forms of spiritually-motivated diet on the Indian subcontinent and beyond. The Jain cu...
Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible (also Hebrew Scriptures or Jewish Bible; Latin: Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (Hebrew: תנ"ך‎), the canonical collection of Jewish...
Hechsher
A hechsher (Hebrew: הכשר‎ [ˈheχʃeʁ] "kosher approval"; plural: hechsherim) is a rabbinical product certification, qualifying items (usually foods) that conform to the requirements of halakha.
Hechsher - Wikipedia
Res publica
Res publica is a Latin phrase, loosely meaning ‘public affair’. It is the root of the word ‘republic’, and the word ‘commonwealth’ has traditionally been used as a synonym for it; however translations...
Xenophanes
Xenophanes of Colophon (/zəˈnɒfəniːz/; Ancient Greek: Ξενοφάνης ὁ Κολοφώνιος [ksenopʰánɛːs ho kolopʰɔ̌ːnios]; c. 570 – c. 475 BC) was a Greek philosopher, theologian, poet, and social and religio...
Xenophanes - Wikipedia
Byzantine law
Byzantine Law was essentially a continuation of Roman Law with Christian influence; however, this is not to doubt its later influence on the western practice of jurisprudence. Byzantine Law was effect...
Byzantine law - Wikipedia