Babylonia and Assyria
Mesopotamia (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/, from the Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμία "[land] between rivers"; Arabic: بلاد الرافدين‎ (bilād al-rāfidayn); Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ (Beth Nahrain) "land of riv...
Babylonia and Assyria - Wikipedia
Saddam Hussein's Very Public Purge
Shortly after assuming the Presidency of Iraq in July 1979, Saddam Hussein convened a gathering of his Ba'ath Party leaders and publicly had 68 of them removed for alleged treason. Twenty-two of them...
Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East
In the 14th century a Muslim historian named Ibn Khaldun wrote about the pattern...
40 Maps That Explain The Middle East
Maps can be a powerful tool for understanding the world, particularly the Middle East, a place in many ways shaped by changing political borders and demographics. Here are 40 maps crucial for understa...
Who has conquered Middle East over time ?
5,000 years of history in 90 minutes
History of Iraq
Wednesday, 19 March 2008 This video documentary, on the anniversary of the invasion of Iraq, illustrates the west's history of colonialism in Iraq. Charting ...
Geography of Mesopotamia
The Geography of Mesopotamia, encompassing its ethnology and history, centred on the two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates. While the southern is flat and marshy; the near approach of the two riv...
History of Mesopotamia
The history of Mesopotamia describes the history of the area known as Mesopotamia, roughly coinciding with the Tigris–Euphrates basin, from the earliest human occupation in the Lower Paleolithic perio...
History of Mesopotamia - Wikipedia
History of Iraq
Iraq, known in classical antiquity as Mesopotamia, was home to the oldest civilizations in the world, with a cultural history of over 10,000 years, hence its common epithet, the Cradle of Civilization...
History of Iraq - Wikipedia
History of the Middle East
Home to the Cradle of Civilization, the Middle East (usually interchangeable with the Near East) has seen many of the world's oldest cultures and civilizations. This history started from the earliest ...
Chronology of the ancient Near East
The chronology of the ancient Near East provides a framework of dates for various events, rulers and dynasties. Individual inscriptions and texts customarily record events in terms of a succession of ...
Chronology of the ancient Near East - Wikipedia
Akkadian literature
Akkadian literature is the ancient literature written in the Akkadian language (Assyrian and Babylonian dialects) written in Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylonia) during the period spanning the Middle B...
Babylonian mathematics
Babylonian mathematics (also known as Assyro-Babylonian mathematics) was any mathematics developed or practiced by the people of Mesopotamia, from the days of the early Sumerians to the fall of Babylo...
Babylonian calendar
The Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar with years consisting of 12 lunar months, each beginning when a new crescent moon was first sighted low on the western horizon at sunset, plus an inter...
Babylonian astronomy
According to Asger Aaboe, the origins of Western astronomy can be found in Mesopotamia, and all Western efforts in the exact sciences are descendants in direct line from the work of the late Babylonia...
Babylonian astronomy - Wikipedia
Mesopotamian religion
Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Sumerian and East Semitic Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian and later migrant Arameans and Chaldeans, living in Mesopot...
Mesopotamian religion - Wikipedia
Music of Mesopotamia
This article treats the music of Ancient Mesopotamia.Cuneiform sources reveal an orderly organized system of diatonic scales, depending on the tuning of stringed instruments in alternating fifths and ...
Sumerian King List
The Sumerian King List is an ancient manuscript originally recorded in the Sumerian language, listing kings of Sumer (ancient southern Iraq) from Sumerian and neighboring dynasties, their supposed rei...
List of Kings of Babylon
The following is a list of the kings of Babylonia (ancient southern-central Iraq), compiled from the traditional Babylonian king lists and modern archaeological findings.
The Babylonian King List ...
List of Kings of Babylon - Wikipedia
Kings of Assyria
The list of Assyrian kings is compiled from the Assyrian King List, an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia (modern northern Iraq) with information added from recent archaeological findings. The As...
Kings of Assyria - Wikipedia
Architecture of Mesopotamia
The architecture of Mesopotamian is the ancient architecture of the region of the Tigris–Euphrates river system (also known as Mesopotamia), encompassing several distinct cultures and spanning a perio...
Architecture of Mesopotamia - Wikipedia
Sura (city)
Sura was a city in the southern part of ancient Babylonia, located west of the Euphrates River. It was well known for its agricultural produce, which included grapes, wheat, and barley. It was also a...
Bistam (Sassanid king)
Bistam or Vistahm (also transliterated Wistaxm, Persian: بیستام‎), was a Parthian dynast of the Ispahbudhan house, and maternal uncle of the Sasanian shah of Persia, Khosrau II (reigned 591–628)...
Tigris
The Tigris (/ˈtaɪɡrɪs/) is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates. The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Ir...
Tigris - Wikipedia
Lorestān bronze
Lorestān bronze is a set of Early Iron Age bronze artifacts of various individual forms which have been recovered from Lorestān and Kermanshah areas in west-central Iran. They include a great number o...
Lorestān bronze - Wikipedia
Keilschrift Texte aus Ugarit
Keilalphabetische Texte aus Ugarit or KTU is the standard source reference collection for the cuneiform texts from Ugarit. (Keil is the German for wedge, Schrift for writing.) The editors include Man...
Keilschrift Texte aus Ugarit - Wikipedia
Assyria
Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic kingdom, and empire, of the Ancient Near East, existing as an independent state for a period of approximately nineteen centuries from c. 2500 BC to 605 BC...
Assyria - Wikipedia
Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC)
In 589 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II laid siege to Jerusalem, culminating in the destruction of the city and its temple in 587 BC.
Following the siege of 597 BC, Nebuchadnezzar installed Zedekiah as tribu...
Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC) - Wikipedia
Neti (mythology)
Neti is, in Sumerian, Babylonian, and Akkadian mythology, a minor underworld god, the chief gatekeeper of the netherworld, and the servant of the goddess Ereshkigal. Neti features prominently in the e...