Battle of Bosworth Field
The Battle of Bosworth (or Bosworth Field) was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the Houses of Lancaster and York that raged across England in the latter half...
Battle of Bosworth Field - Wikipedia
Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster and...
Wars of the Roses - Wikipedia
Princes in the Tower
"The Princes in the Tower" refers to Edward V of England and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York. The two brothers were the only sons of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville surviving at the ...
Princes in the Tower - Wikipedia
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham (15 August 1402 – 10 July 1460) was an English nobleman. A great-grandson of King Edward III on his mother's side, he was a military commander in the Hundred...
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham - Wikipedia
Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby
Margaret Beaufort (usually pronounced: /ˈboʊfərt/, BOH-fərt; or /ˈbjuːfərt/, BEW-fərt), Countess of Richmond and Derby (31 May 1443 – 29 June 1509), was the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grand...
Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby - Wikipedia
Battle of Blore Heath
The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on 23 September 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market...
Battle of Blore Heath - Wikipedia
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, 1st Earl of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Warwick, KG (21 October 1449 – 18 February 1478) was the third son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Nev...
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence - Wikipedia
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, KG (25 December 1400 – 30 September 1487) was an English nobleman. A diplomat and councillor of Henry VI, he fought in several battles during the Hundred Years War...
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley - Wikipedia
Battle of Ludford Bridge
The Battle of Ludford Bridge was a largely bloodless battle fought in the early years of the Wars of the Roses. It took place on 12 October 1459, and resulted in a setback for the Yorkists. Although t...
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu KG (c.1431 – 14 April 1471) was, until his final years, a Yorkist leader in the Wars of the Roses, brother of Warwick the Kingmaker and perhaps best known for eli...
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu - Wikipedia
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1405 – 9 January 1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.He fought during the latter part of the Hundred Years Wa...
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent - Wikipedia
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (23 April 1408 – 26 February 1462), was the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford (1385?–15 February 1417), and his second wife, Alice Sergeaux (1386–1452). A ...
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford - Wikipedia
Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset
Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (26 January 1436 – 15 May 1464) was an important Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses. He is sometimes numbered the 2nd Duke of Some...
Ralph Percy
Sir Ralph Percy (died 1464) was a knight, a Governor of Bamburgh Castle and a supporter of the Lancastrian side in the Wars of the Roses. Percy was the grandson of Sir Harry (Hotspur) Percy.Percy marr...
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers
Richard Woodville (or Wydeville), 1st Earl Rivers, (1405 – 12 August 1469) was an English nobleman, best remembered as the father of Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville and the maternal grandfathe...
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers - Wikipedia
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury
Richard Neville, jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury and 7th and 4th Baron Montacute, KG, PC (1400 – 31 December 1460) was a Yorkist leader during the early parts of the Wars of the Roses.
Richard N...
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury - Wikipedia
Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales
Lord Thomas de Scales or Thomas Scales de Newselles or Thomas Scalles KG (1397 – 25 July 1460), 7th Baron Scales, Knight of the Garter from 1426 was one of the main English commanders in the last twen...
Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales - Wikipedia
Robin of Redesdale
Robin of Redesdale, sometimes called "Robin Mend-All", was the leader of an insurrection against King Edward IV of England. His true identity is unknown, but it is thought he could have been either S...
Martin Schwartz (mercenary)
Martin Schwartz (died 16 June 1487) was a German mercenary who died at the Battle of Stoke Field while fighting for Lambert Simnel, a Yorkist pretender to the English throne.Schwartz was born in Augsb...
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon (ca. 1439 – 17 August 1469) was a dominant magnate in south-western England in the mid-15th century, and a participant in the Wars of the Roses. A d...
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon - Wikipedia
Second Battle of St Albans
The Second Battle of St Albans was a battle of the English Wars of the Roses fought on 17 February 1461, at St Albans. The army of the Yorkist faction under the Earl of Warwick attempted to bar the ro...
Second Battle of St Albans - Wikipedia
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423-1469)
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (c. 1423 – 27 July 1469), known as "Black William", was the son of William ap Thomas, founder of Raglan Castle, and Gwladys ferch Dafydd Gam, and grandson of Daf...
William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423-1469) - Wikipedia
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales
Edward of Westminster (13 October 1453 – 4 May 1471), also known as Edward of Lancaster, was the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou. He was killed at the Battle...
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales - Wikipedia
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that...
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York - Wikipedia
John Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset
John Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset, Earl of Dorset (c. 1455 – 4 May 1471) was a scion of the Beaufort family, who fought for the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses.He was the third son of Edmund Bea...
John Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset - Wikipedia
Battle of Towton
The Battle of Towton was fought during the English Wars of the Roses on 29 March 1461, near the village of Towton in Yorkshire. It brought about a change of monarchs in England, with the victor, the Y...
Battle of Towton - Wikipedia
Henry VII of England
Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first ...
Henry VII of England - Wikipedia
House of York
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet. Three of its members became Kings of England in the late 15th century. The House of York was descended in the male line ...
House of York - Wikipedia
Battle of Hedgeley Moor
Hedgeley Moor shown within Northumberland (grid reference NU049197)The Battle of Hedgeley Moor, 25 April 1464, was a battle of the Wars of the Roses. It was fought at Hedgeley Moor, north of the villa...