Berlin Blockade
The Berlin Blockade (1 April 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blo...
Berlin Blockade - Wikipedia
Marshall Plan
The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the American initiative to aid Europe and Asia, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $160 billion in current...
Marshall Plan - Wikipedia
Eastern Bloc
The Eastern Bloc was the name used by NATO-affiliated countries for the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact. The ter...
Eastern Bloc - Wikipedia
Gulag
The Gulag (Russian: ГУЛАГ, GULAG; [ɡʊˈlak]) was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems during the Stalin era, from the 1930s until the 1950s. While the ...
Gulag - Wikipedia
Berlin Airlift Device
The Berlin Airlift Device is miniature gold airplane that was awarded for wear on occupation medals and ribbons issued to United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard service personnel for ...
Soviet Border Troops
Soviet Border Troops, (Russian: Пограничные войска СССР, Pogranichnyye Voiska SSSR) were the militarized border guard of the Soviet Union, subordinated to its subsequently reorganized state securi...
Soviet Border Troops - Wikipedia
Soviet Information Bureau
Soviet Information Bureau (Russian: Советское информационное бюро (Sovetskoye informatsionnoye byuro), commonly known as Sovinformburo (Совинформбюро)) was a leading Soviet news agency in 1941 - 1...
Prague Spring
The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II....
Prague Spring - Wikipedia
Raisin Bombers
Raisin Bombers (German: Rosinenbomber) or (in English) "Candy Bombers" were colloquial terms Berliners gave to the Western Allied (American and British) transport aircraft which brought in supplie...
Raisin Bombers - Wikipedia
People's Republic of Hungary
The Hungarian People's Republic (Hungarian: Magyar Népköztársaság) was a socialist state that administered Hungary from 20 August 1949 to 23 October 1989. It was governed by the Socialist Wo...
People's Republic of Hungary - Wikipedia
Eastern Bloc economies
After the Soviet Union's occupation of much of the Eastern Bloc during World War II, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin implemented socioeconomic transformations of each of the Eastern Bloc economies that co...
Eastern Bloc economies - Wikipedia
RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift
The Berlin Airlift Squadron was a Royal Australian Air Force transport squadron formed to participate in the Berlin Airlift. The Australian contribution to the airlift, from September 1948, was design...
RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift - Wikipedia
Iron Curtain
The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term ...
Iron Curtain - Wikipedia
Refusenik
Refusenik (Russian: отказник, otkaznik, from "отказ", otkaz "refusal") was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate ab...
Winter War
The Winter War (Finnish: talvisota, Swedish: vinterkriget, Russian: Зи́мняя война́, Zimnyaya voyna) was a military conflict between the Soviet Union and Finland in 1939–1940. It began wit...
Winter War - Wikipedia
Dissolution of the Soviet Union
The dissolution of the Soviet Union was formally enacted on December 26, 1991, as a result of the declaration no. 142-Н of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, acknowledging the independence of the...
Dissolution of the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech/Slovak: Československá socialistická republika) was the official name of Czechoslovakia from 1960 until shortly after the Velvet Revolution in 1989....
Occupation of the Baltic states
The occupation of the Baltic states refers to the military occupation of the three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—by the Soviet Union under the auspices of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact on ...
Occupation of the Baltic states - Wikipedia
Soviet occupation of Hungary
The Soviet occupation of Hungary following the defeat of Hungary in World War II, lasted for 45 years. The occupation ended in 1991.
In July 1941, the Kingdom of Hungary, a member of Tripartite Pa...
Gail Halvorsen
Colonel Gail S. "Hal" Halvorsen (born October 10, 1920) is a retired career officer and command pilot in the United States Air Force known as the original Candy Bomber or the "Rosinenbomber" in German...
Gail Halvorsen - Wikipedia
Medal for Humane Action
The Medal for Humane Action is a military award of the United States armed forces which was created by an act (63 Stat. 477) of the United States Congress on July 20, 1949. The medal recognizes those...
Medal for Humane Action - Wikipedia
The Big Lift
The Big Lift is a 1950 drama film shot in black-and-white on location in the city of Berlin, Germany, that tells the story of "Operation Vittles", the 1948–1949 Berlin Airlift, through the experience...
The Big Lift - Wikipedia
Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic
The Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic, in German Grenztruppen der DDR, were a military force of the GDR and the primary force guarding the Berlin Wall and the border between East and Wes...
Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic - Wikipedia
Political repression in the Soviet Union
Throughout the history of the Soviet Union tens of millions of people became victims of political repression, which was an instrument of the state since the October Revolution. Culminating during the ...
Political repression in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Cominform
Founded in 1947, "Cominform" (Communist Information Bureau) is the common name for what was officially referred to as the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers' Parties. It was the first off...
List of World War II conferences
This is a list of World War II conferences of the Allies of World War II. For the historical context see Diplomatic history of World War II.In total Churchill attended 16 meetings, Roosevelt 12, Stal...
List of World War II conferences - Wikipedia
Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw Pact (formally, the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance, sometimes, informally WarPac, akin in format to NATO) was a collective defense treaty among eight communist s...
Warsaw Pact - Wikipedia
Moscow Armistice
The Moscow Armistice was signed between Finland on one side and the Soviet Union and United Kingdom on the other side on September 19, 1944, ending the Continuation War. The Armistice restored the Mo...
Moscow Armistice - Wikipedia
Armageddon: A Novel of Berlin
Armageddon, or Armageddon: A Novel of Berlin, is a novel by Leon Uris about post-World War II Berlin and Germany. The novel starts in London during WWII, and goes through to the Four Power occupation ...
Armageddon: A Novel of Berlin - Wikipedia
Propaganda in the People's Republic of Poland
Communist propaganda played an important role in the Polish People's Republic, one of the largest and most important communist satellite states of the Soviet Union. Together with the use of force and ...
Propaganda in the People's Republic of Poland - Wikipedia