Biofilm
A biofilm is any group of microorganisms in which cells stick to each other on a surface. These adherent cells are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substanc...
Biofilm - Wikipedia
4 Ways To Remove Teeth Plaque At Home Naturally
4 Ways To Remove Teeth Plaque At Home Naturally, Maintaining good oral health is important for overall health and confidence, and plaque is a common problem
Realizing Social Intelligence of Bacteria
Bacteria, long perceived as simple creatures, are now recognised to be smart beasts that can conduct intricate social life while using sophisticated chemical language, one we have only recently begun ...
Bacterial Biofilms Beat Teflon in Repelling Liquids
Slimy mats of bacteria called biofilms may be the most liquid-repellent materials in nature, researchers have discovered. “There are a few man-made materials that can perform better, and they have to ...
Biofilm - What Are Bacterial Biofilms? A Six Minute Montage
This is a six-minute video clip: a four minute montage of clips from early interviews with biofilm researchers, then a 3D animation showing the life cycle ...
Cell adhesion
Cell adhesion is the binding of a cell to a surface or substrate, such as an extracellular matrix of another cell. Adhesion occurs from the action of proteins, called cell adhesion molecules, or somet...
Cell adhesion - Wikipedia
Extracellular polymeric substance
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), are high-molecular weight compounds secreted by microorganisms into their environment. EPS establish the functional and structural integrity of biofilms, an...
Extracellular polymeric substance - Wikipedia
Horizontal gene transfer
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) refers to the transfer of genes between organisms in a manner other than traditional reproduction. Also termed lateral gene transfer (LGT), it contrasts with vertical tr...
Horizontal gene transfer - Wikipedia
Quorum sensing
Quorum sensing is a system of stimulae and response correlated to population density. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local ...
Quorum sensing - Wikipedia
Microbial intelligence
Microbial intelligence (popularly known as bacterial intelligence) is the intelligence shown by microorganisms. The concept encompasses complex adaptive behaviour shown by single cells, and altruistic...
Microbial mat
A microbial mat is a multi-layered sheet of microorganisms, mainly bacteria and archaea. Microbial mats grow at interfaces between different types of material, mostly on submerged or moist surfaces, b...
Microbial mat - Wikipedia
Dental plaque
Dental plaque is a biofilm, usually a pale yellow, that develops naturally on the teeth. Like any biofilm, dental plaque is formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to the tooth's smo...
Dental plaque - Wikipedia
Phototrophic biofilms
Phototrophic biofilms occur on contact surfaces in a range of terrestrial and aquatic environments. Phototrophic biofilms can best be described as surface attached microbial communities (see also Biof...
Phototrophic biofilms - Wikipedia
Chemistry of biofilm prevention
Biofilm formation occurs when free floating microorganisms attach themselves to a surface. They secrete extracellular polymers that provide a structural matrix and facilitate adhesion. Because biofilm...
Chemistry of biofilm prevention - Wikipedia
4 Ways To Remove Teeth Plaque At Home Naturally
4 Ways To Remove Teeth Plaque At Home Naturally, Maintaining good oral health is important for overall health and confidence, and plaque is a common problem
Realizing Social Intelligence of Bacteria
Bacteria, long perceived as simple creatures, are now recognised to be smart beasts that can conduct intricate social life while using sophisticated chemical language, one we have only recently begun ...
Gene conversion
Gene conversion is the process by which one DNA sequence replaces a homologous sequence such that the sequences become identical after the conversion event. Gene conversion can be either allelic, mean...
Gene conversion - Wikipedia
Chromosomal crossover
Chromosomal crossover (or crossing over) is the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that results in recombinant chromosomes. It is one of the final phases of genetic recombinat...
Chromosomal crossover - Wikipedia
Pilus
A pilus (Latin for 'hair'; plural : pili) is a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria. The terms pilus and fimbria (Latin for 'fringe'; plural: fimbriae) can be used interchang...
Transduction (genetics)
Transduction is the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterium to another by a virus. It also refers to the process whereby foreign DNA is introduced into another cell via a viral vector. ...
Transduction (genetics) - Wikipedia
Fusion gene
A fusion gene is a hybrid gene formed from two previously separate genes. It can occur as a result of: translocation, interstitial deletion, or chromosomal inversion.
The first fusion gene was dis...
Fusion gene - Wikipedia
Transposon
A transposable element (TE or transposon) is a DNA sequence that can change its position within the genome, sometimes creating or reversing mutations and altering the cell's genome size. Transpositio...
Bacterial conjugation
Bacterial conjugation is the transfer of genetic material (plasmid) between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge-like connection between two cells. Discovered in 1946 by Joshu...
Microbial cooperation
Microorganisms engage in a wide variety of social interactions, including cooperation. A cooperative behavior is one that benefits an individual (the recipient) other than the one performing the behav...
Microbial cooperation - Wikipedia
Cell adhesion molecule
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cel...
Timeline of evolution
This timeline of evolution of life represents the current scientific theory outlining the major events during the development of life on planet Earth. In biology, evolution is any change across succe...
Sister chromatid exchange
Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) is the exchange of genetic material between two identical sister chromatids.It was first discovered by using the Giemsa staining method on one chromatid belonging to th...
Sister chromatid exchange - Wikipedia
Transformation (genetics)
In molecular biology, transformation is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of exogenous genetic material (exogenous DNA) from its surroundings and take...
Transfection
Transfection is the process of deliberately introducing nucleic acids into cells. The term is often used for non-viral methods in eukaryotic cells. It may also refer to other methods and cell types, a...