Bishop of Rome
The Pope (Latin: papa; from Greek: πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. The importance of the Roman bishop is largel...
Bishop of Rome - Wikipedia
Papal conclave - The Conclave in the history. - Part 1 of 3
This is, in synthesis, the history of two thousand years of pontificial elections, a rich and faceted history, sometimes tormented, but that, undoubtedly, co...
Primacy of Simon Peter
Primacy of Simon Peter, also known as Petrine primacy (from the Latin Petrus for "Peter"), is the position of preeminence that is attributed to the Apostle Peter among the Twelve Apostles.It is to be ...
Primacy of Simon Peter - Wikipedia
Papal conclave
A papal conclave is a meeting of the College of Cardinals convened to elect a new Bishop of Rome, also known as the Pope. The pope is considered by Roman Catholics to be the apostolic successor of Sai...
Papal conclave - Wikipedia
Papal resignation
A papal renunciation (Latin: renuntiatio) occurs when the reigning pope of the Roman Catholic Church voluntarily steps down from his position. As the reign of the pope has conventionally been from...
Papal resignation - Wikipedia
Papal regalia and insignia
Papal regalia and insignia are the official items of attire and decoration proper to the Pope in his capacity as the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State.
The ...
Papal regalia and insignia - Wikipedia
Primacy of the Roman Pontiff
The primacy of the Bishop of Rome is an ecclesiastical doctrine concerning the respect and authority that is due to the Bishop of Rome from other bishops and their sees. Together with the Filioque c...
Primacy of the Roman Pontiff - Wikipedia
Papal infallibility
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church that states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error "When, in the exercise of his of...
Papal infallibility - Wikipedia
Politics of the Vatican City
The politics of Vatican City take place in a framework of an absolute theocratic elective monarchy, in which the head of the Catholic Church, the Pope, exercises ex officio supreme legislative, execut...
Politics of the Vatican City - Wikipedia
Historicism (Christian eschatology)
Historicism is a method of interpretation in Christian eschatology which associates biblical prophecies with actual historical events and identifies symbolic beings with historical persons or societie...
Historicism (Christian eschatology) - Wikipedia
Antipope
An antipope (Latin: antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope, the B...
Antipope - Wikipedia
Western Schism
The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. Several men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope. Driven by politics rather than any theologica...
Western Schism - Wikipedia
Antipope Sylvester IV
Sylvester IV was a claimant to the papacy from 1105 to 1111.Members of the Roman aristocracy, with the support of the German king Henry V (1105–25) set up another antipope to replace Pope Paschal II (...
Papal conclave, 1730
The papal conclave of 1730 elected Pope Clement XII as the successor to Pope Benedict XIII.
Papal conclave, 1730 - Wikipedia
Antipope Paschal
Paschal was a rival with Theodore for Pope following the death of Pope Conon (21 September 687), and thus is considered an antipope of the Roman Catholic Church.Prior to the disputed election, Paschal...
Antipope Paschal - Wikipedia
Antipope Christopher
Christopher held the (anti) papacy from October 903 to January 904. Although he was listed as a legitimate Pope in most modern lists of Popes until the first half of the 20th century, the apparently u...
Antipope Christopher - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1404
Papal conclave of October 10 to October 17, 1404 – the papal conclave of the time of the Great Western Schism, convened after the death of Pope Boniface IX, it elected Cardinal Cosimo Gentile Migliora...
Papal conclave, 1404 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1922
After a reign of just eight years, Pope Benedict XV died on 22 January 1922 of pneumonia. At his death there were 61 members of the College of Cardinals. However, later that same day, Enrique Almaraz ...
Papal conclave, 1922 - Wikipedia
Papal election, 1145
The papal election of 1145 followed the death of Pope Lucius II and resulted in the election of Pope Eugene III, the first pope of the Order of Cistercians.
Pope Lucius II, during the whole of his...
Papal election, 1145 - Wikipedia
Papal election, 1181
The papal election of 1181 followed the death of Pope Alexander III and resulted in the election of Pope Lucius III. This was the first papal election celebrated in accordance with the decree Licet de...
Papal election, 1181 - Wikipedia
Antipope Felix II
Antipope Felix II was installed as Pope in 355 AD after the Emperor Constantius II banished the reigning Pope, Liberius, for refusing to subscribe the sentence of condemnation against Saint Athanasius...
Antipope Alexander V
Alexander V (Latin: Alexander PP. V, Italian: Alessandro V; also Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges, ca. 1339 – May 3, 1410) was antipope during the Western Schism (1378–1417). He reigned fro...
Antipope Alexander V - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1447
The papal conclave of March 4–6, 1447 elected Pope Nicholas V to succeed Pope Eugene IV in the Roman basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.
Eugene IV had died on February 23, 1447. The cardinals e...
Papal conclave, 1447 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, March 1605
The papal conclave of 14 March to 1 April 1605 was convened on the death of Pope Clement VIII and ended in the election of Pope Leo XI.
Papal conclave, March 1605 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1621
Papal conclave 1621 (February 8 – February 9) – convoked after the death of Pope Paul V, elected Cardinal Alessandro Ludovisi, who under the name of Gregory XV became 234th Pope of the Catholic Church...
Papal conclave, 1621 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1758
The Papal conclave, May 15 – July 6, 1758, convoked after the death of Pope Benedict XIV, was the conclave that elected Cardinal Carlo Rezzonico of Venice, who under the name of Clement XIII became 24...
Papal conclave, 1758 - Wikipedia
Papal conclave, 1830-1831
A Papal conclave was held commencing December 14, 1830 after the death of Pope Pius VIII. It did not conclude until the February 2, 1831 election of Mauro Alberto Cappellari as Pope Gregory XVI.Initia...
Papal conclave, 1830-1831 - Wikipedia
Primacy of the Bishop of Rome
The primacy of the Bishop of Rome is an ecclesiastical doctrine concerning the respect and authority that is due to the Bishop of Rome from other bishops and their sees. Together with the Filioque c...
Primacy of the Bishop of Rome - Wikipedia
Antipope Benedict XIV

Benedict XIV was the name used by two closely related minor antipopes of the 15th century. The first, Bernard Garnier became antipope in 1424 and died ca. 1429. The second, Jean Carrier, became a...
Antipope Benedict XIV - Wikipedia
Antipope Benedict XIII
Benedict XIII, born Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor (25 November 1328 – 23 May 1423), known as el Papa Luna in Spanish, was an Aragonese nobleman, who is officially considered by the Catholic ...
Antipope Benedict XIII - Wikipedia