Brainstem
In the anatomy of humans and of many other vertebrates, the brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord. In humans it is us...
Brainstem - Wikipedia
First Brain Region Affected By Alzheimer's Disease Identified
Researchers found the part of the brain affected by Alzheimer's disease first, and think engaging in mentally challenging activities could help prevent it.
Our Elegant Brain: Motor Learning In The Fast Lane
It takes a surprisingly small cluster of brain cells deep within the cerebellum to learn how to serve a tennis ball, or line up a hockey shot. Researchers at McGill University led by Kathleen Cullen f...
Being bilingual pushes back dementia by nearly 5 years
New evidence adds strength to the idea that speaking more than one language can help keep the brain younger for longer. A study by the University of Edinburgh in Scotland suggests those who speak more...
Unexpectedly speedy expansion of human, ape cerebellum -- ScienceDaily
A new study could rewrite the story of ape and human brain evolution. While the neocortex of the brain has been called 'the crowning achievement of evolution and the biological substrate of human ment...
Cerebellum
The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control. It may also be involved in some cognitive functions such as attention and language, ...
Cerebellum - Wikipedia
Midbrain
The midbrain or mesencephalon (from the Greek mesos, middle, and enkephalos, brain) is a portion of the central nervous system associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sleep/wake, arousal (aler...
Midbrain - Wikipedia
Pons
The pons is part of the brainstem, and in humans and other bipeds lies between the midbrain (above) and the medulla oblongata (below) and in front of the cerebellum. The pons is also called the pon...
Pons - Wikipedia
Medulla oblongata
The medulla oblongata (or medulla) is the part of the brainstem that is situated between the pons and the spinal cord. The medulla contains the cardiac, respiratory, vomiting and vasomotor centers and...
Medulla oblongata - Wikipedia
Cranial nerve nucleus
A cranial nerve nucleus is a collection of neurons (gray matter) in the brain stem that is associated with one or more cranial nerves. Axons carrying information to and from the cranial nerves form a ...
Cranial nerve nucleus - Wikipedia
First Brain Region Affected By Alzheimer's Disease Identified
Researchers found the part of the brain affected by Alzheimer's disease first, and think engaging in mentally challenging activities could help prevent it.
Anterolateral sulcus of medulla
The anterolateral sulcus (or ventrolateral sulcus) is a sulcus on the side of the medulla oblongata. The rootlets of cranial nerve XII (the hypoglossal nerve) emerge from this sulcus.
Anterolateral sulcus of medulla - Wikipedia
Purkinje cell
Purkinje cells, or Purkinje neurons (/pərˈkɪndʒiː/ pər-KIN-jee), are a class of GABAergic neurons located in the cerebellum. They are named after their discoverer, Czech anatomist Jan Evangelista Pur...
Purkinje cell - Wikipedia
Our Elegant Brain: Motor Learning In The Fast Lane
It takes a surprisingly small cluster of brain cells deep within the cerebellum to learn how to serve a tennis ball, or line up a hockey shot. Researchers at McGill University led by Kathleen Cullen f...
Fields of forel
The fields of Forel are areas in a deep part of the brain known as the diencephalon. They are below the thalamus and consists of three defined, white matter areas of the subthalamus. These three regio...
Taenia of fourth ventricle
In the brain, the taenia of the fourth ventricle (ligula, tenia of fourth ventricle) are two narrow bands of white matter, one on either side, which complete the lower part of the roof of the fourth v...
Taenia of fourth ventricle - Wikipedia
Rhombencephalon
The rhombencephalon or hindbrain is a developmental categorization of portions of the central nervous system in vertebrates. It includes the medulla, pons, and cerebellum. Together they support vital ...
Rhombencephalon - Wikipedia
Pyramid (brainstem)
The medullary pyramids are paired white matter structures of the brainstem's medulla oblongata that contain motor fibers of the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts. The lower limit of the pyramids...
Pyramid (brainstem) - Wikipedia
Hypothalamospinal tract
The hypothalamospinal tract connects the hypothalamus to the ciliospinal center of the intermediolateral cell column in the spinal cord (T1, T2). It is found in the dorsolateral quadrant of the latera...
Pars reticulata
The pars reticulata is a portion of the substantia nigra.
Neurons in the pars reticulata are much less densely packed than those in the pars compacta (they were sometimes named pars diffusa). They...
Primate basal ganglia system
The basal ganglia form a major brain system in all species of vertebrates, but the basal ganglia of primates (including humans) have special features that justify a separate consideration. As in othe...
Anatomy of the cerebellum
The anatomy of the cerebellum can be viewed at three levels. At the level of large-scale anatomy, the cerebellum consists of a tightly folded and crumpled layer of cortex, with white matter underneat...
Anatomy of the cerebellum - Wikipedia
Cerebellar tonsil
The cerebellar tonsil is analogous to a rounded lobule on the undersurface of each cerebellar hemisphere, continuous medially with the uvula of the cerebellar vermis and superiorly by the flocculonodu...
Cerebellar tonsil - Wikipedia
Parallel fiber
Parallel fibers arise from granule cells in the cerebellar cortex. They form excitatory synapses onto the dendrites of Purkinje cells (the output neurons of the cerebellum) and the dendrites of the i...
Tegmental pontine reticular nucleus
The tegmental pontine reticular nucleus (or pontine reticular nucleus of the tegmentum) is an area within the floor of the midbrain. This area is known to affect the cerebellum with its axonal project...
Vestibulocerebellar tract
The vestibulocerebellar tract is a tract in the pontine tegmentum which connects the vestibular nerve and the cerebellar cortex.
Nucleus raphe pallidus
The nucleus raphe pallidus receives afferent connections from the periaqueductal gray, the Paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus, central nucleus of the amygdala, lateral hypothalamic area, and parv...