Bronze Age Anatolia
The prehistory of Anatolia stretches from 1.2 million years ago through to the appearance of classical civilisation in the middle of the 1st millennium BC. It is generally regarded as being divided i...
Bronze Age Anatolia - Wikipedia
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Hittites - Lost Cities of the Ancients 3 The Dark Lords of Hattusha.
More than 3000 years ago a mysterious and ruthless civilization rose from nothing, created a brutal and unstoppable army and built an empire that rivalled E...
Ancient Regions of Anatolia
A list of regions of Ancient Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, in the present day Anatolia region of Turkey in Western Asia.
Anatolian hypothesis
The Anatolian hypothesis proposes that the dispersal of Proto-Indo-Europeans originated in Neolithic Anatolia. The hypothesis suggests that the speakers of the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) lived...
Anatolian hypothesis - Wikipedia
1900 BCE Near East mass migration
Various and currently outdated theories have been proposed that postulate waves of migration during the Middle Bronze Age in the Ancient Near East. While the turmoils that separate the Late Bronze Age...
1900 BCE Near East mass migration - Wikipedia
Old Assyrian Empire
Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic kingdom, and empire, of the Ancient Near East, existing as an independent state for a period of approximately nineteen centuries from c. 2500 BC to 605 BC...
Old Assyrian Empire - Wikipedia
Hattians
The Hattians (/ˈhætiənz/) were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in central Anatolia (present-day Turkey). The group was documented at least as early as the empire of Sargon of Akkad (...
Hattians - Wikipedia
History of the Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) were an Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Su...
History of the Hittites - Wikipedia
Kizzuwatna
Kizzuwatna (or Kizzuwadna; in Ancient Egyptian Kode), is the name of an ancient Anatolian kingdom in the 2nd millennium BC. It was situated in the highlands of southeastern Anatolia, near the Gulf of ...
Arzawa
Arzawa in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC (roughly from late 15th century BC until the beginning of the 12th century BC) was the name of a region and a political entity (a "kingdom" or a fede...
Arzawa - Wikipedia
Assuwa
The Assuwa league was a confederation of states in western Anatolia, defeated by the Hittites under an earlier Tudhaliya I around 1400 BC. The league formed to oppose the Hittite empire. The list of i...
Assuwa - Wikipedia
Ahhiyawa
The Achaeans (/əˈkiːənz/; Ancient Greek: Ἀχαιοί Akhaioí) constitute one of the collective names for the Greeks in Homer's Iliad (used 598 times) and Odyssey. The other common names are Danaans (/...
Ahhiyawa - Wikipedia
Troy VII
Troy VII, in the mound at Hisarlik, is an archaeological layer of Troy that chronologically spans from ca. 1300 to ca. 950 BC. It coincides with the collapse of the Bronze Age. It was a walled city wi...
Troy VII - Wikipedia
Phrygia
In antiquity, Phrygia (/ˈfrɪdʒiə/; Greek: Φρυγία, [pʰryɡía], Turkish: Frigya) was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Turkey, centered on the Sakarya River.The Phryg...
Phrygia - Wikipedia
Neo-Hittites
The states that are called Neo-Hittite, or more recently Syro-Hittite were Luwian, Aramaic and Phoenician-speaking political entities of the Iron Age in northern Syria and southern Anatolia that arose...
Neo-Hittites - Wikipedia
Urartu
Urartu (Armenian: Ուրարտու - Urartu, Assyrian: māt Urarṭu; Babylonian: Urashtu), corresponding to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat (Armenian: Արարատյան Թագավորություն) or Kingdom of Van (Armenia...
Urartu - Wikipedia
Lydia
Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Greek: Λυδία, Turkish: Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Man...
Lydia - Wikipedia
Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (now Iran) with boundaries that fluctuated around that core, extending far into regions that would later become Pakistan,...
Achaemenid Empire - Wikipedia
Diadochi
The Diadochi (/daɪˈædəkaɪ/; from Greek: Διάδοχοι, Diadokhoi, meaning "Successors") were the rival generals, families and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his...
Diadochi - Wikipedia
Seleucid Empire
CEThe Seleucid Empire (/sɪˈlʲuːsɪd/), was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus...
Seleucid Empire - Wikipedia
Mithridatic Wars
There were three Mithridatic Wars between Rome and the Kingdom of Pontus in the 1st century BC. They are named for Mithridates VI who was King of Pontus at the time.The force of the Kingdom of Pontus ...
Early Christianity
Early Christianity is the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325. It is typically divided into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until N...
Early Christianity - Wikipedia
Early centers of Christianity
Early Christianity (generally considered the time period from its start to 325), spread from the Eastern Mediterranean throughout the Roman Empire and beyond, reaching as far east as India. Originally...
Early centers of Christianity - Wikipedia
Hellenistic Judaism
Hellenistic Judaism was a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture. Until the fall of the Roman Empire and the Muslim conquests of t...
Hellenistic Judaism - Wikipedia
History of Turkey
The history of Turkey encompasses the history of the region now known as Turkey (derived from the Medieval Latin Turchia; including the areas known as Anatolia and Eastern Thrace), from the time of pr...
History of Turkey - Wikipedia
Seljuk Empire
CEThe Seljuk Empire was a medieval Turko-Persian empire, originating from the Qynyq branch of Oghuz Turks. The Seljuq Empire controlled a vast area stretching from the Hindu Kush to eastern ...
Seljuk Empire - Wikipedia
History of the Republic of Turkey
1973 film about contemporary events in Turkey President Atatürk and his colleagues leaving the building of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (today the Museum of the Republic) after a meeting.T...
History of the Republic of Turkey - Wikipedia
Amarna letters
The Amarna letters (sometimes Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets) archive, on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan...
Amarna letters - Wikipedia
Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) were an Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Su...
Hittites - Wikipedia