Bronze Age literature
The history of literature begins with the invention of writing, in Bronze Age Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.Writing developed out of proto-literate sign systems in the 30th century BC, although the ol...
Ancient Egyptian literature
Ancient Egyptian literature was written in the Egyptian language from Ancient Egypt's pharaonic period until the end of Roman domination. It represents the oldest corpus of Egyptian literature. Along ...
Ancient Egyptian literature - Wikipedia
Hittite texts
The corpus of texts written in the Hittite language is indexed by the Catalogue des Textes Hittites (CTH, since 1971). The catalogue is only a classification of texts; it does not give the texts. One ...
Sumerian literature
Sumerian literature is the literature written in the Sumerian language during the Middle Bronze Age. Most Sumerian literature is preserved indirectly, via Assyrian or Babylonian copies.The Sumerians i...
Sumerian literature - Wikipedia
Tebtunis archive
The Tebtunis Papyri Archive (capitalized) of The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley, is the largest collection of texts on papyrus in the Americas. The phrase Tebtunis archive ...
Sumerian disputations
The Sumerian disputation or Sumerian debate is a topical short story created in the middle to late 3rd millennium BC. Seven major debates are known, with specific titles.The list of the majority of th...
Sumerian disputations - Wikipedia
Papyrus Hood (hieratic)
Papyrus Hood is a hieratic papyrus from the time of 21st Dynasty Pharaoh Amenemope, 993-984 BC. The papyrus is at the British Museum, (no. BM EA 10202), and is a cursive hieratic manuscript which con...
Turin King List
The Turin King List, also known as the Turin Royal Canon, is an Egyptian hieratic papyrus thought to date from the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II, now in the Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) in Turin. Th...
Turin King List - Wikipedia
Studien zu den Bogazkoy-Texten
Studien zu den Bogazköy-Texten (abbreviated StBoT; lit. Studies in the Bogazköy Texts) edited by the German Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Academy of Sciences and Literature), Mainz, s...
Instruction of Ankhsheshonq
The Instruction of Ankhsheshonq (or Ankhsheshonqy) is an Ancient Egyptian papyrus that has been tentatively dated to the Ptolemaic period, although the content may be earlier in origin. It contains an...
Execration texts
Execration texts, also referred to as Proscription Lists, are ancient Egyptian hieratic texts, listing enemies of the Pharaoh, most often enemies of the Egyptian state or troublesome foreign neighbors...
Execration texts - Wikipedia
Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus
The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus (also Kahun Papyrus, Kahun Medical Papyrus, or UC 32057) is the oldest known medical text of any kind. Dated to about 1800 BCE, it deals with women's health—gy...
Tale of Two Brothers
The Tale of Two Brothers is an ancient Egyptian story that dates from the reign of Seti II, who ruled from 1200 to 1194 BC during the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. The story is preserved on the Pap...
Tale of Two Brothers - Wikipedia
Berliner griechische Urkunden
BGU or Berliner griechische Urkunden (commenced in 1895) is an ongoing publishing program of Greek documents, primarily Greek papyri by the Berlin State Museums, primarily from the papyrus collection ...
Letter of Piha-walwi
The Letter of Prince Piha-walwi of Hatti to King Ibiranu of Ugarit (CTH 110) is a Hittite diplomatic text of the 13th century BC.Piha-walwi complains to King Ibiranu of Ugarit, that he had not sought ...
Bentresh stela
The Bentresh Stella or Bakhtan Stella is an ancient Egyptian sandstone stela with a hieroglyphic text telling the story of Bentresh, daughter of the prince of Bakhtan (i.e. Bactria), who fell ill and ...
Bentresh stela - Wikipedia
Ebers Papyrus
The Ebers Papyrus, also known as Papyrus Ebers, is an Egyptian medical papyrus of herbal knowledge dating to c. 1550 BC. Among the oldest and most important medical papyri of ancient Egypt, it was pur...
Ebers Papyrus - Wikipedia
Ancient Egyptian funerary texts
The literature that make up the Ancient Egyptian Funerary Texts are a collection of religious documents that were used in Ancient Egypt, usually to help the spirit of the concerned person to be preser...
Gudea cylinders
The Gudea cylinders are a pair of terracotta cylinders dating to circa 2125 BC, on which is written in cuneiform a Sumerian myth called the Building of Ningursu's temple. The cylinders were made by Gu...
Gudea cylinders - Wikipedia
Tulli Papyrus
The Tulli Papyrus is an oft-cited document of questionable origins that some have interpreted as evidence of ancient flying saucers. During a visit to Cairo in 1933, Alberto Tulli, a director of the E...
Chester Beatty Papyri
The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri or simply the Chester Beatty Papyri are a group of early papyrus manuscripts of biblical texts. The manuscripts are in Greek and are of Christian origin. There are e...
Chester Beatty Papyri - Wikipedia
Carlsberg papyrus
The Carlsberg papyrus is an ancient Egyptian medical papyrus. Mainly written in hieratic and demotic, with some components written in Ancient Greek and hieroglyphics, the Carlsberg Papyrus is the most...
Lahun Mathematical Papyri
The Lahun Mathematical Papyri (also known as the Kahun Mathematical Papyri) are part of a collection of Kahun Papyri discovered at El-Lahun (also known as Lahun, Kahun or Il-Lahun) by Flinders Petrie ...
Papyrus Lansing
Papyrus Lansing is ancient Egyptian writing made during the time of the reign of the pharaoh called Senusret III.
Thus translated by Caminos " You are worse than a bubalis on the desert that lives...
Papyrus Lansing - Wikipedia
Rylands Papyri
The Rylands Papyri are a collection of thousands of papyrus fragments and documents from North Africa and Greece housed at the John Rylands University Library, Manchester, UK. The collection includes ...
Rylands Papyri - Wikipedia
Westcar Papyrus
The Westcar Papyrus (inventory-designation: P. Berlin 3033) is an ancient Egyptian text containing five stories about miracles performed by priests and magicians. In the text, each of these tales are ...
Westcar Papyrus - Wikipedia
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D)
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D) is a Sumerian myth, written on clay tablets dated to between 2100 to 2000 BC.
The myth was discovered on the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and A...
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D) - Wikipedia
Instruction of Amenemope
Instruction of Amenemope (also called Instructions of Amenemopet, Wisdom of Amenemopet) is a literary work composed in Ancient Egypt, most likely during the Ramesside Period (ca. 1300–1075 BCE); it co...
Instructions of Kagemni
The Instructions of Kagemni is an ancient Egyptian instructional text of wisdom literature which belongs to the sebayt ('teaching') genre. Although the earliest evidence of its compilation dates to th...
Instructions of Kagemni - Wikipedia
Instruction of Any
The Instruction of Any, or Ani, is an Ancient Egyptian text written in the style of wisdom literature which is thought to have been composed in the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom, with a surviv...