Bronze Age literature
The history of literature begins with the invention of writing, in Bronze Age Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.Writing developed out of proto-literate sign systems in the 30th century BC, although the ol...
Ancient Egyptian literature
Ancient Egyptian literature was written in the Egyptian language from Ancient Egypt's pharaonic period until the end of Roman domination. It represents the oldest corpus of Egyptian literature. Along ...
Ancient Egyptian literature - Wikipedia
Hittite texts
The corpus of texts written in the Hittite language is indexed by the Catalogue des Textes Hittites (CTH, since 1971). The catalogue is only a classification of texts; it does not give the texts. One ...
Sumerian literature
Sumerian literature is the literature written in the Sumerian language during the Middle Bronze Age. Most Sumerian literature is preserved indirectly, via Assyrian or Babylonian copies.The Sumerians i...
Sumerian literature - Wikipedia
Tebtunis archive
The Tebtunis Papyri Archive (capitalized) of The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley, is the largest collection of texts on papyrus in the Americas. The phrase Tebtunis archive ...
Dramatic Ramesseum Papyrus
The Dramatic Ramesseum Papyrus (also known simply as the Ramesseum Papyrus) is the oldest known surviving illustrated papyrus roll. It contains a ceremonial play written to celebrate the accession to ...
Telipinu Proclamation
Telipinu (or Telepinu) Proclamation is a Hittite edict, written during the reign of King Telipinu, circa 1550 BCE.The edict is significant because it made possible to reconstruct a succession of Hitti...
Sumerian disputations
The Sumerian disputation or Sumerian debate is a topical short story created in the middle to late 3rd millennium BC. Seven major debates are known, with specific titles.The list of the majority of th...
Sumerian disputations - Wikipedia
Execration texts
Execration texts, also referred to as Proscription Lists, are ancient Egyptian hieratic texts, listing enemies of the Pharaoh, most often enemies of the Egyptian state or troublesome foreign neighbors...
Execration texts - Wikipedia
Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus
The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus (also Kahun Papyrus, Kahun Medical Papyrus, or UC 32057) is the oldest known medical text of any kind. Dated to about 1800 BCE, it deals with women's health—gy...
Tale of Two Brothers
The Tale of Two Brothers is an ancient Egyptian story that dates from the reign of Seti II, who ruled from 1200 to 1194 BC during the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. The story is preserved on the Pap...
Tale of Two Brothers - Wikipedia
Letter of Piha-walwi
The Letter of Prince Piha-walwi of Hatti to King Ibiranu of Ugarit (CTH 110) is a Hittite diplomatic text of the 13th century BC.Piha-walwi complains to King Ibiranu of Ugarit, that he had not sought ...
Papyrus of Ani
The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript with cursive hieroglyphs and color illustrations created circa 1250 BCE, in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. Egyptians compiled an indi...
Papyrus of Ani - Wikipedia
Memphite Formula
The Memphite Formula was a standardized greeting of First Intermediate Period and early Middle Kingdom Egyptian letters, which fell out of use in the early Twelfth Dynasty.
Letters written in the...
The Blinding of Truth by Falsehood
The Tale of Truth and Falsehood or the The Blinding of Truth by Falsehood is a story of the New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period in ancient Egyptian history. Only part of the story survives. The ...
Loyalist Teaching
The Loyalist Teaching, or The Loyalist Instructions, is an ancient Egyptian text of the sebayt ('teaching') genre. It survives in part from a stela inscription of the mid Twelfth dynasty of Egypt. The...
Loyalist Teaching - Wikipedia
Bentresh stela
The Bentresh Stella or Bakhtan Stella is an ancient Egyptian sandstone stela with a hieroglyphic text telling the story of Bentresh, daughter of the prince of Bakhtan (i.e. Bactria), who fell ill and ...
Bentresh stela - Wikipedia
Gudea cylinders
The Gudea cylinders are a pair of terracotta cylinders dating to circa 2125 BC, on which is written in cuneiform a Sumerian myth called the Building of Ningursu's temple. The cylinders were made by Gu...
Gudea cylinders - Wikipedia
Prisse Papyrus
The Prisse Papyrus, dating from the twelfth dynasty Egyptian Middle Kingdom, was obtained by the French orientalist Émile Prisse d'Avennes at Thebes in 1856 and is now in the Bibliothèque nationale de...
Prisse Papyrus - Wikipedia
Hearst papyrus
The Hearst Papyrus, also called the Hearst Medical Papyrus, is one of the medical papyri of ancient Egypt. It was named after Phoebe Hearst. The papyrus contains 18 pages of medical prescriptions writ...
Hearst papyrus - Wikipedia
Tulli Papyrus
The Tulli Papyrus is an oft-cited document of questionable origins that some have interpreted as evidence of ancient flying saucers. During a visit to Cairo in 1933, Alberto Tulli, a director of the E...
Chester Beatty Papyri
The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri or simply the Chester Beatty Papyri are a group of early papyrus manuscripts of biblical texts. The manuscripts are in Greek and are of Christian origin. There are e...
Chester Beatty Papyri - Wikipedia
Papyrus Lansing
Papyrus Lansing is ancient Egyptian writing made during the time of the reign of the pharaoh called Senusret III.
Thus translated by Caminos " You are worse than a bubalis on the desert that lives...
Papyrus Lansing - Wikipedia
Rylands Papyri
The Rylands Papyri are a collection of thousands of papyrus fragments and documents from North Africa and Greece housed at the John Rylands University Library, Manchester, UK. The collection includes ...
Rylands Papyri - Wikipedia
Westcar Papyrus
The Westcar Papyrus (inventory-designation: P. Berlin 3033) is an ancient Egyptian text containing five stories about miracles performed by priests and magicians. In the text, each of these tales are ...
Westcar Papyrus - Wikipedia
Dedi
Dedi D(j)dj he who enduresDedi (also Djedi or Djedi of Djed-Sneferu) is the name of a fictional ancient Egyptian magician appearing in the fourth chapter of a story told in the legendary Westcar Pap...
Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus
The Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus is one of the extant medical papyri from ancient Egypt. It is dedicated to magical incantations against headaches and remedies for anorectal ailments, and is dated a...
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D)
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D) is a Sumerian myth, written on clay tablets dated to between 2100 to 2000 BC.
The myth was discovered on the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and A...
Self-praise of Shulgi (Shulgi D) - Wikipedia
Instruction of Amenemope
Instruction of Amenemope (also called Instructions of Amenemopet, Wisdom of Amenemopet) is a literary work composed in Ancient Egypt, most likely during the Ramesside Period (ca. 1300–1075 BCE); it co...