Ebla
Ebla (Arabic: إبلا‎, modern: Tell Mardikh تل مرديخ), was one of the earliest kingdoms in Syria. Its remains constitute a tell located about 55 km (34 mi) southwest of Aleppo near ...
Ebla - Wikipedia
Mari, Syria
Mari (modern Tell Hariri), was an ancient Semitic city in Syria. Its remains constitute a tell located 11 kilometers north-west of Abu Kamal on the Euphrates river western bank, some 120 km ...
Mari, Syria - Wikipedia
Ugarit
Ugarit (/ˌuːɡəˈriːt, ˌjuː-/; Ugaritic: 𐎜𐎂𐎗𐎚, ʼUgart; Arabic: أوغاريت‎) was an ancient port city, the ruins of which are located at what is now called Ras Shamra (sometimes written "R...
Ugarit - Wikipedia
Tell Sabi Abyad
Tell Sabi Abyad (Arabic: تل صبي أبيض‎) is an archaeological site in the Balikh River valley in northern Syria. The site consists of four prehistoric mounds that are numbered Tell Sabi Abyad ...
Ras Ibn Hani
Ras Ibn Hani (Arabic: رأس ابن هاني‎) is a small cape located 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) north of Latakia, Syria on the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important archaeological site as it was occ...
Ras Ibn Hani - Wikipedia
Qatna
Qatna (Arabic قطنا, modern Tell el-Mishrife, Arabic المشرفة) is an archaeological site in the Wadi il-Aswad, a tributary of the Orontes, 18 km northeast of Homs, Syria. It consists in a tell occ...
Qatna - Wikipedia
Azi (scribe)
Azi (fl. c. 2500 BC) is the name of a scribe from the kingdom of Ebla. His name has been found on a number of clay tablets, making possible an extrapolation of his career path.
He began as a stude...
Tuttul
The Bronze Age town of Tuttul is identified with the archaeological site of Tell Bi'a in Ar-Raqqah Governorate, northern Syria. Tell Bi'a is located near the modern city of Ar-Raqqah and the confluenc...
Tuttul - Wikipedia
Tell Kazel
Tell Kazel is an oval-shaped tell that measures 350 metres (1,150 ft) by 325 metres (1,066 ft) at its base, narrowing to 200 metres (660 ft) by 200 metres (660 ft) at its top. It i...
Ugaritic alphabet
The Ugaritic script is a cuneiform (wedge-shaped) abjad used from around either the fifteenth century BCE or 1300 BCE for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit...
Ugaritic alphabet - Wikipedia
Tell Chuera
Tell Chuera is an ancient Near Eastern tell site in Ar Raqqah Governorate, northern Syria. It lies between the Balikh and Khabur rivers.
The site was first described by Max von Oppenheim in 1913. ...
Ebla tablets
The Ebla tablets are a collection of as many as 1800 complete clay tablets, 4700 fragments and many thousand minor chips found in the palace archives of the ancient city of Ebla, Syria. The tablets we...
Ebla tablets - Wikipedia
Eblaite language
Eblaite /ˈɛblə.aɪt/ (also known as Eblan ISO 639-3) is an extinct Semitic language which was used during the third millennium by the East Semitic speaking populations of Northern Syria. It was named a...
Eblaite language - Wikipedia
Til Barsip
Til Barsip or Til Barsib (modern Tell Ahmar; Arabic: تل أحمر‎) is an ancient site situated in Aleppo Governorate, Syria by the Euphrates river about 20 kilometers south of ancient Carchemish...
Tell Fray
Tell Fray is a tell, or settlement mound, on the east bank of the Euphrates in Ar-Raqqah Governorate, northern Syria. The archaeological site takes its name from an ancient irrigation canal, hence 'Fr...
Umm el-Marra
Umm el-Marra, Arabic: أم المرّا‎, east of modern Aleppo in the Jabbul Plain of northern Syria, was one of the ancient Near East's oldest cities, located on a crossroads of two trade routes n...
Sakka, Rif Dimashq Governorate
Sakka or Saqqa (Arabic: سكا‎) is a village to the southeast of Damascus, on the edge of the Ghouta, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north west of Damascus International Airport in Syria.
Tell...
Sakka, Rif Dimashq Governorate - Wikipedia
Lorenzo Nigro
Lorenzo Nigro (born 1967) is an Italian archaeologist.He is Associated Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology (since 2002), is the Coordinator of the Oriental Section of the Department of Sciences of A...
Amrit
Amrit or Amrith (Arabic: عمريت‎), also known as Marathos or Marathus (Ancient Greek: Μάραθος), was an ancient Phoenician city located near Tartus in Syria. Founded in the third millennium BC...
Amrit - Wikipedia
Hurrian foundation pegs
The Hurrian foundation pegs, also known as the Urkish lions, are twin copper foundation pegs each in the shape of a lion that probably came from the ancient city of Urkesh (modern Tell Mozan) in Syria...
Hurrian foundation pegs - Wikipedia
Washukanni
Washukanni (or Waššukanni) was the capital of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, from c. 1500 BC to the 13th century BC. Its precise location is unknown. A proposal that locates it under the so-far unexc...
Royal Palace of Mari
The Royal Palace of Mari was the royal residence of the rulers of the ancient kingdom of Mari in eastern Syria. Situated centrally amidst Palestine, Syria, Babylon, Levant, and other Mesopotamian city...
Royal Palace of Mari - Wikipedia
Shibtu
Shibtu (reigned c. 1775 BC – c. 1761 BC) was the wife of Zimrilim and queen consort of the ancient city-state of Mari in modern-day Syria. Historian Abraham Malamat described her as "t...
Giovanni Pettinato
Giovanni Pettinato (30 April 1934 in Troina – 19 May 2011 in Rome) was a paleographer of writings from the ancient Near East, specializing in the Eblaite language, His major contributions to the ...
Minet el-Beida
Minet el-Beida (Arabic: المينا البيضا‎, The White Harbor; or ancient Ma'hadu) is a small bay located 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) north of Latakia, Syria on the Mediterranean Sea.It is an imp...
Terqa
40°31′50″E / 34.903200°N 40.530445°E / 34.903200; 40.530445Terqa is the name of an ancient city discovered at the site of Tell Ashara on the banks of the middle Euphrates in D...
Terqa - Wikipedia