Bulgarian–Ottoman Wars
The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second half of the 14th century. The wars resulted...
Bulgarian–Ottoman Wars - Wikipedia
Battle of Nicopolis
The Battle of Nicopolis took place on 25 September 1396 and resulted in the rout of an allied crusader army of Hungarian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Wallachian, French, Burgundian, German and assorted troo...
Battle of Nicopolis - Wikipedia
Murad I
Murad I (Ottoman Turkish: مراد اول) (Turkish: I. Murat Hüdavendigâr) (nicknamed Hüdavendigâr, from Persian خداوندگار Khodāvandgār, "the God-like One" – but meaning "sovereign" in this context)...
Murad I - Wikipedia
Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
Ivan Alexander (Bulgarian: Иван Александър, transliterated Ivan Aleksandǎr; pronounced [iˈvan alɛkˈsandər]; original spelling: ), also known as John Alexander, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria ...
Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Momchil
Momchil (Bulgarian: Момчил, Greek: Μομ[ι]τζίλος or Μομιτζίλας; c. 1305 – 7 July 1345) was a 14th-century Bulgarian brigand and local ruler. Initially a member of a bandit gang in the bord...
Momchil - Wikipedia
Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria
Ivan Sratsimir or Ivan Stratsimir (Bulgarian: Иван Срацимир) was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria in Vidin from 1356 to 1396. He was born in 1324 or 1325, and he died in or after 1397. Despite being the...
Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
Ivan Shishman (Bulgarian: Иван Шишман) ruled as emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria in Tarnovo from 1371 to 3 June 1395. The authority of Ivan Shishman was limited to the central parts of the Bulgarian Emp...
Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Siege of Sofia
23°20′E / 42.700°N 23.333°E / 42.700; 23.333The Siege of Sofia took place in 1382 or 1385 during the course of the Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars. Unable to defend his country from th...
Rise of the Ottoman Empire
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire (1299 – 29 May 1453) is the period that started with the weakening of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm in the very early 14th century and ended with the fall o...
Rise of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Bayezid I
Bayezid I (Ottoman Turkish: بايزيد اول; Turkish: 1. Beyazıt; nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman Turkish: ییلدیرم), "The Lightning"; 1360 – 8 March 1403) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389...
Bayezid I - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensi...
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia
Serbian Empire
The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство / Srpsko Carstvo, [sr̩̂pskoː tsâːrstʋo]) is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingd...
Serbian Empire - Wikipedia
Dobrotitsa
Dobrotitsa (Bulgarian: Добротица, pronounced [dɔˈbrɔtitsa]; Romanian: Dobrotici or Dobrotiţă; Τομπροτίτζας in contemporaneous Byzantine documents; Dobrodicie in contemporaneous Genoese docume...
Dobrotitsa - Wikipedia
Lala Şahin Pasha
Lala Şahin Pasha (Turkish: Lala Şahin Paşa; 1330 – after 1388) was the first Beylerbey of Rumelia. He was the teacher (lala) of Sultan Murad I, and when Murad succeeded the throne, Şahin led the O...
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School
The Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School is a term for the development of architecture during the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396). In the 13th and 14th centuries the capital Tarnovo determ...
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School - Wikipedia
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars
The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second half of the 14th century. The wars resulted...
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars - Wikipedia