Principality of Antioch
The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria.The Principality of Antioch was much smaller than the Co...
Principality of Antioch - Wikipedia
Mausoleum of Öljeitü
The Mausoleum of Öljeitü is a 14th-century mausoleum of the Il-khan Öljeitü, also known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, in Soltaniyeh, Iran. Traditionally the structure is known as the Dome of Soltaniyeh.
Mausoleum of Öljeitü - Wikipedia
Kalepark
Kalepark (originally called Leonkastron; and later Güzelhisar, meaning "Beautiful Castle" in Turkish) was built by the Genoese and Venetian merchants as a medieval fortress on the east side of Trabzon...
Tamerlane
Timur (Persian: تیمور‎ Timūr, Chagatai: Temür, Uzbek: Temur; died 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane (Persian: تيمور لنگ‎ Timūr(-e) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turko-Mon...
Tamerlane - Wikipedia
Şemseddin of Karaman
Şemsettin of Karaman (died 1352) was a bey of the Karaman Beylik, a Turkish beylik in Anatolia in the 14th century.His father was İbrahim Bey. He succeeeded his brother Ahmet Bey in 1350. However, his...
Bohemond III of Antioch
Bohemond III of Antioch (1144–1201), also known as the Stammerer or the Stutterer, was Prince of Antioch from 1163 to his death. He was a son of Constance of Antioch by her first husband Raymond of Po...
Bohemond III of Antioch - Wikipedia
Ahmet of Karaman
Ahmet of Karaman, was a short term bey of Karaman Beylik, a Turkish principality in Anatolia in the 14th century. He succeeded his father İbrahim Bey. But his succession date is not known. According ...
Kalam Bey
Kalam Bey, (Turkish: Kalem Bey; died 1307, Karesi) was the first ruler of Karasids Emirate. He was succeeded by Karasi Bey in 1307.
Mehmet II of Karaman
Mehmet II of Karaman, Mehmed Beg (Turkish: Mehmet Bey), Mehmed Beg II, also known as Nasir al-Din Mehmed Beg ( ?- 1423) was the ruler (Turkish: bey) of Karaman in what is now modern Turke...
Mehmet II of Karaman - Wikipedia
Beyliks of Canik
Beyliks of Canik (Turkish: Canik beylikleri ) is a name given to a group of small Turkmen principalities in northern Anatolia during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
After the battle of...
Beyliks of Canik - Wikipedia
Anatolian beyliks
Anatolian beyliks (Turkish: Anadolu beylikleri, Ottoman Turkish: Tevâif-i mülûk, Beylik [bejlic]), sometimes known as Turkmen beyliks, were small Turkish principalities (or petty kingdoms) governe...
Anatolian beyliks - Wikipedia
Sarukhanids
The Sarukhanids or Sarukhanid dynasty (Modern Turkish: Saruhanoğulları, Saruhanoğulları Beyliği), also known as the Principality of Saruhan and Beylik of Saruhan (Saruhan Beyliği), was one of the Anat...
Sarukhanids - Wikipedia
Alaiye
Alaiye (علائیه) is the medieval Seljuq name for Alanya (on the southern coast of Turkey). It refers to the city-state in a specific period and the beylik which developed around there, at times under t...
Alaiye - Wikipedia
Mongol Armenia
Mongol Armenia or Ilkhanid Armenia refers to the period in which both Armenia (during its union with the Kingdom of Georgia) and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia became tributary and vassal to the Mong...
Mongol Armenia - Wikipedia
Baldwin of Antioch
Baldwin of Antioch (died September 17, 1176) was a Frankish knight and general in service of the Byzantine Empire during the Byzantine–Seljuk Wars. He was the only son of Raynald of Châtillon and Cons...
Artuqids
The Artquids or Artuqid dynasty (Modern Turkish: Artuklu Beyliği or Artıklılar, sometimes also spelled as Artukid, Ortoqid or Ortokid; Turkish plural: Artukoğulları; Azeri Turkish : Artıqlı) wa...
Artuqids - Wikipedia
Beylik of Erzincan
Beylik of Erzincan was a principality (Turkish: beylik) in East Anatolia, Turkey in the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries.
After the battle of Kösedağ in 1243, Ilkhanid Mongols became t...
Mopsuestia
Mopsuestia (Greek: Μοψουεστία Mopsou(h)estia), later Mamistra, is the ancient city of Cilicia Campestris on the Pyramus (now Ceyhan River) located approximately 20 km (12 mi) east of anc...
Mopsuestia - Wikipedia
Osman Batur
Osman Batyr (Kazakh: Оспан батыр or وسپان باتىر; Chinese: 歐斯曼·巴圖爾; sometimes spelled as Uthmān/Osman Bātūr, Osman Batir or Osman Batur), (1899 - April 29, 1951), the son of Islambay was born i...
Kerîmeddin Karaman Bey
Kerîmeddin Karaman Beg (Turkish) (Arabic: كريم ٱلدين Karīm al-Dīn Karaman Bey) was a Turkmen chief founder of the dynasty Karaman-oğhlu or Karamanoğulları. The province and city of Larandia was rename...
Halil of Karaman
Halil, aka Alaattin Halil, was a bey of Karaman Beylik, a Turkish principality in Anatolia in the 14th century.His father was Mahmut Bey. He succeeded his elder brothers Musa and İbrahim in 1332. He ...
Armeno-Mongol relations
Mongol Armenia or Ilkhanid Armenia refers to the period in which both Armenia (during its union with the Kingdom of Georgia) and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia became tributary and vassal to the Mong...
Armeno-Mongol relations - Wikipedia
Karasi Bey
Karasi Bey (? –1330), also known as İsa Bey, (Turkish: Karesi Bey or Karasi Bey), was the second bey of Karasi Emirate in north-west Anatolia, in modern Balıkesir Province, Turkey, succeedi...