Stephen Gabrielopoulos
Stephen Gabrielopoulos (Greek: Στέφανος Γαβριηλόπουλος, died 1332/1333) was a powerful magnate and semi-independent ruler in western Thessaly, who pledged allegiance to the Byzantine Empire and wa...
Stephen Gabrielopoulos - Wikipedia
Vojihna
Vojihna or Vojin of Drama (Serbian: Војихна ; ca 1298–1360), was a Serbian nobleman that rose through the ranks and became one of the most acclaimed military commanders (voivode) and dukes of...
Vojihna - Wikipedia
Nipsistiarios
The nipsistiarios (Greek: νιψιστιάριος) was a Byzantine court position and rank reserved for eunuchs.The office is first attested in a 7th-century seal, but was abandoned well before the 14th cent...
Vestes
Vestēs (Greek: βέστης) was a Byzantine court title used in the 10th and 11th centuries. The term is etymologically connected to the vestiarion, the imperial wardrobe, but despite earlier attempts ...
Pinkernes
Pinkernes (Greek: πιγκέρνης), sometimes also epinkernes (ἐπιγκέρνης), was a high Byzantine court position. The term, deriving from the Greek verb ἐπικεράννυμι ("to mix [wine]"), signified the Byza...
Pinkernes - Wikipedia
Magistros
The magister officiorum (Latin literally for "Master of Offices", in Greek: μάγιστρος τῶν ὀφφικίων, magistros tōn offikiōn) was one of the most senior administrative officials in the late Roman Em...
John Kantakouzenos (Caesar)
John Kantakouzenos (Greek: Ἰωάννης Καντακουζηνός; fl. 1183–86) was a military commander and an early member of the House of Kantakouzenos. The contemporary historian Niketas Choniates descri...
Curopalates
Kouropalatēs, Latinized as curopalates or curopalata (Greek: κουροπαλάτης, from Latin: cura palatii "[the one in] charge of the palace") and Anglicized as curopalate, was a Byzantine court tit...
Curopalates - Wikipedia
Despotate of Angelokastron and Lepanto
John Spata (fl. 1348 – d. 29 October, 1399), known in Albanian as Gjin Bua Spata, was an Albanian magnate with the title of despot, who ruled Aetolia (1360s–?), Angelokastron (?–1399), Naupactus (1378...
Despotate of Angelokastron and Lepanto - Wikipedia
Tsardom of Vidin
The Tsardom of Vidin (Bdin) (Bulgarian: Видинско (Бдинско) царство, Vidinsko (Bdinsko) tsarstvo) was a medieval Bulgarian state centred in the town of Vidin. In 1257 the local lord Rostislav Mikha...
Tsardom of Vidin - Wikipedia
John Palaiologos (Caesar)
John Palaiologos (Greek: Ἱωάννης Παλαιολόγος; 1288/89–1326) was a member of the reigning Palaiologos dynasty of the Byzantine Empire, who served as governor of Thessalonica.
He was the son of ...
John Palaiologos (Caesar) - Wikipedia
Stefan the First-Crowned
Stefan Nemanjić (Serbian: Стефан Немањић, [stêfaːn němaɲitɕ]) or Stefan the First-Crowned (Стефан Првовенчани/Stefan Prvovenčani, [stêfaːn prʋoʋěntʃaːniː]; around 1165 – 24 September 1228) was Gr...
Stefan the First-Crowned - Wikipedia
Demetrios Komnenos Doukas
Demetrios Komnenos Doukas or Dukas, Latinized as Comnenus Ducas (Greek: Δημήτριος Κομνηνός Δούκας), was ruler of Thessalonica from 1244 until his deposition in 1246. He was born c. 1220.Demetrios...
Megas tzaousios
The tzaousios (Greek: τζαούσιος) was a late Byzantine military office, whose exact functions and role are somewhat unclear.The term is derived from the Turkish çavuş, meaning "courier" or "messeng...
Silentiarius
Silentiarius, Hellenized to silentiarios (Greek: σιλεντιάριος) and Anglicized to silentiary, was the Latin title given to a class of courtiers in the Byzantine imperial court, responsible for orde...
Megas papias
The papias (Greek: παπίας) was a eunuch official in the Byzantine court, responsible for the security and maintenance of the buildings of the imperial palaces in Constantinople. He commanded an ex...
Stratelates
Stratēlatēs (Greek: στρατηλάτης, "driver/leader of the army") was a Greek term designating a general, which also became an honorary dignity in the Byzantine Empire. In the former sense, it was oft...
Stratelates - Wikipedia
Andronikos Komnenos (son of John II)
Andronikos Komnenos (or Andronicus Comnenus) (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός) (c. 1108 – 1142) was the third child and second son of the Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos and his Hungarian wife...
Andronikos Komnenos (son of John II) - Wikipedia
Vestarches
Vestarchēs (Greek: βεστάρχης) was a senior Byzantine honorific dignity in use from the late 10th to early 12th centuries.The term vestarchēs means "head of the vestai", another group of high court...
Strez
Strez (Bulgarian: Стрез; original spelling: ) (fl. 1207–1214) was a Bulgarian sebastokrator and a member of the Asen dynasty. A major contender for the Bulgarian throne, Strez initially opposed th...
Strez - Wikipedia
Kesar Novak
Novak the Serb (Srbin Novak) was a 14th-century Serbian nobleman that held the region of Lake Prespa during the Serbian Empire of Uroš the Weak (r. 1355-1371). He held the title of Caesar, and is henc...
Proedros
Proedros (Greek: πρόεδρος, "president") was a senior Byzantine court and ecclesiastic title in the 10th to mid-12th centuries. The female form of the title is proedrissa (προέδρισσα).
The titl...
Proedros - Wikipedia
Despotate of Epirus
The Despotate of Epirus (Modern Greek: Δεσποτάτο της Ηπείρου) was one of the late Byzantine Greek successor states of the Byzantine Empire established in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade in 12...
Despotate of Epirus - Wikipedia
John Komnenos Asen
John Komnenos Asen (Bulgarian: Йоан Комнин Асен, Yoan Komnin Asen; Greek: Ίωάννης Κομνηνός Ἀσάνης, Iōannēs Komnēnos Asanēs; Serbian: Јован Комнин Асен, Jovan Komnin Asen) was the ruler of ...
John Komnenos Asen - Wikipedia