Theodore Metochites
Theodore Metochites (Greek: Θεόδωρος Μετοχίτης, 1270–1332) was a Byzantine statesman, author, gentleman philosopher, and patron of the arts. From c. 1305 to 1328 he held the position of personal a...
Theodore Metochites - Wikipedia
Al-Khazini
Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini or simply Abu al-Fath Khāzini (Arabic: أبو الفتح الخازني‎, Persian: ابولفتح خازنی‎) (flourished 1115–1130) was a Muslim astronomer of Persi...
Nikephoros Blemmydes
Nikephoros Blemmydes (Latinized as Nicephorus Blemmydes) (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βλεμμύδης) was 13th-century Byzantine literary figure.He was born in 1197 in Constantinople as the second child of a phys...
Elias (commentator)
Elias (/ɪˈlaɪəs/; Greek: Ἠλίας; fl. 6th century) was a Greek scholar and a commentator on Aristotle and Porphyry. He was a pupil of Olympiodorus in Alexandria in the late-6th century. His name suggest...
John Argyropoulos
John Argyropoulos (1415 – 26 June 1487; Greek: Ἰωάννης Ἀργυρόπουλος, Ioannis Argiropoulos, Italian: Giovanni Argiropulo, surname also spelt Argyropulus, or Argyropulos, or Argyropulo) was a Gr...
John Argyropoulos - Wikipedia
David (commentator)
David (Greek: Δαυΐδ; fl. 6th century) was a Greek scholar and a commentator on Aristotle and Porphyry. He may have come from Thessaly, but in later times he was confused with an Armenian of the sa...
Eustratius of Nicaea
Eustratius of Nicaea (Greek: Εὐστράτιος; c. 1050/1060 – c. 1120) was Metropolitan bishop of Nicaea in the early 12th century. He wrote commentaries to Aristotle's second book of Analytica and the ...
Gennadius Scholarius
Gennadius II (in Greek Γεννάδιος Β') (lay name Georgios Kourtesios Scholarios, in Greek Γεώργιος Κουρτέσιος Σχολάριος) (c. 1400 – c. 1473), Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1454 to 1464, ph...
Gennadius Scholarius - Wikipedia
Damascius
Damascius (/dəˈmæʃəs/; Greek: Δαμάσκιος, c. 458 – after 538), known as "the last of the Neoplatonists," was the last scholarch of the School of Athens. He was one of the pagan philosophers perse...
Gemistus Pletho
Georgius Gemistus (Greek: Γεώργιος Γεμιστός; c. 1355 – 1452/1454), later called Plethon (/ˈpliːθɒn, -θən/) or Pletho (/ˈpliːθoʊ/; Πλήθων), was a Greek scholar of Neoplatonic philosophy. He w...
Gemistus Pletho - Wikipedia
Heliodorus (philosopher)
Heliodorus (Greek: Ἡλιόδωρος) is cited as the author of a work titled Commentary (dated 564 AD), which has been preserved, on the Introduction or Rudiments of Paulus Alexandrinus, the 4th century ...
Heliodorus (philosopher) - Wikipedia
Michael of Ephesus
Michael of Ephesus or Michael Ephesius (Greek: Μιχαήλ Ἐφέσιος; fl. early or mid-12th century AD) wrote important commentaries on Aristotle, including the first full commentary on the Sophistical Refut...
George of Trebizond
George of Trebizond (1395–1472 or 1473) was a Greek philosopher and scholar, one of the pioneers of the Renaissance.
He was born on the island of Crete, and derived his surname Trapezuntius from t...
George of Trebizond - Wikipedia
Manuel Chrysoloras
Manuel (or Emmanuel) Chrysoloras (Greek: Μανουὴλ Χρυσολωρᾶς; c. 1355 – 15 April 1415) was a pioneer in the introduction of Greek literature to Western Europe during the late middle ages.He was bor...
Olympiodorus the Younger
Olympiodorus the Younger (Greek: Ὀλύμπιόδωρος ὁ Νεώτερος; c. 495 – 570) was a Neoplatonist philosopher, astrologer and teacher who lived in the early years of the Byzantine Empire, after Justinian...
Sophonias (commentator)
Sophonias (Greek: Σοφονίας; 13th–14th century) was a Byzantine monk who wrote commentaries or paraphrases of the works of Aristotle including De Anima, Sophistici Elenchi, Prior Analytics, a...
Michael Psellos
Michael Psellos or Psellus (Greek: Μιχαήλ Ψελλός, Mikhaēl Psellos) was a Byzantine monk, writer, philosopher, politician and historian. He was born in 1017 or 1018, and is believed to have died in 107...
Michael Psellos - Wikipedia
George Pachymeres
Georgius Pachymeres (Greek: Γεώργιος Παχυμέρης) (1242 – c. 1310), a Byzantine Greek historian, philosopher and miscellaneous writer, was born at Nicaea, in Bithynia, where his father had taken ref...
George Pachymeres - Wikipedia
Simplicius of Cilicia
Simplicius (/sɪmˈplɪʃiəs/; Greek: Σιμπλίκιος; c. 490 – c. 560) of Cilicia, was a disciple of Ammonius Hermiae and Damascius, and was one of the last of the Neoplatonists. He was among the pagan ph...
Simplicius of Cilicia - Wikipedia
Pamprepius
Pamprepius (Greek: Παμπρέπιος, Pamprépios; Latin: Pamprepius; 29 September 440 – November 484) was a philosopher and a pagan poet who rebelled against the Eastern Roman Emperor Zeno.Damascius describ...
Asclepius of Tralles
Asclepius of Tralles (Greek: Ἀσκληπιός; died c. 560–570) was a student of Ammonius Hermiae. Two works of his survive:Both works seem to be notes on the lectures conducted by Ammonius.
Nikephoros Choumnos
Nikephoros Choumnos (Greek: Νικηφόρος Χοῦμνος, c. 1250/55 – 1327) was a Byzantine scholar and official of the early Palaiologan period, one of the most important figures in the flowering of arts a...
Eulamius
Eulamius (/juːˈleɪmiəs/; Greek: Eὐλάμιος), born in Phrygia, was, along with Damascius, one of the Athenian philosophers who sought asylum at the court of Khosrau I (r. 531–579) of Persia in 531/53...
Leo the Mathematician
Leo the Mathematician or the Philosopher (Greek: Λέων ὁ Μαθηματικός or Φιλόσοφος, Léōn ho Mathēmatikós or Philósophos; c. 790 – after 869) was a Byzantine philosopher and logician associated wit...
John Philoponus
John Philoponus (/fɨˈlɒpənəs/; Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος; c. 490 – c. 570; also known as John the Grammarian or John of Alexandria) was an Alexandrian philologist, Aristotelian commentator and Christi...
Priscian of Lydia
Priscian of Lydia (or Priscianus; Greek: Πρισκιανός Λυδός Priskianós Lydós; Latin: Priscianus Lydus; fl. 6th century), was one of the last of the Neoplatonists. Two works of his have survived.
Photios I of Constantinople
Photios I (Greek: Φώτιος Phōtios; c. 810 – c. 893), also spelled Photius (/ˈfoʊʃəs/) or Fotios, was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 858 to 867 and from 877 to 886; He is recognized...
Photios I of Constantinople - Wikipedia
John Italus
John Italus or Italos (Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Ἰταλός, Iōannēs o Italós; Latin: Johannes Italus) was a Neoplatonic Byzantine philosopher of the eleventh century. He was Calabrian in origin, his fathe...