Californio
Californio (historic and regional Spanish for "Californian") is a term used to identify a Spanish-speaking, mostly Roman Catholic people, or of Latin American descent, regardless of race, born in Alta...
Californio - Wikipedia
Scientists to recreate 2,300 y. o brain surgery after finding evidence of successful operations
Neurosurgeons are working with anthropologists and archeologists to recreate the surgical techniques of our ancestors. This follows the discovery of two ancient skulls showing clear evidence of recove...
Zorro
Zorro (/ˈzɔːroʊ/; [ˈθoro], [ˈsoro]) is a character created in 1919 by New York–based pulp writer Johnston McCulley. The character has been featured in numerous books, films, television series, and oth...
Zorro - Wikipedia
Scientists to recreate 2,300 y. o brain surgery after finding evidence of successful operations
Neurosurgeons are working with anthropologists and archeologists to recreate the surgical techniques of our ancestors. This follows the discovery of two ancient skulls showing clear evidence of recove...
Concepción Argüello
María Concepción Argüello (February 19, 1791 – December 23, 1857) was an Alta Californian noted for her romance with Nikolai Rezanov, a Russian promoter of the colonization of Alaska and California.
Concepción Argüello - Wikipedia
Carlos Antonio Carrillo
Carlos Antonio Carrillo (1783 – 1852), Governor of Alta California from 1837 to 1838. He took his oath as Governor in Pueblo de Los Angeles, present day Los Angeles, on December 6, 1836. He was also t...
Manuel Nieto
Jose Manuel Nieto (1734 – 1804) was a soldier from the Presidio of San Diego who was assigned to the Mission San Gabriel at the time his land was granted by the Spanish Empire in 1784.
Nieto was a...
Mariano Chico
Colonel Mariano Chico (1796–1850) served one of the briefest terms as Alta California governor from April 1836 to July 1836. He was both preceded and succeeded by the equally unpopular Lieutenant Colo...
Francisco María Ruiz
Francisco María Ruiz (1754–1839) was an early settler of San Diego, CaliforniaRuiz was born 1754 in Loreto, Baja California. He enlisted in the army when he was 26 and sent to Upper California....
Francisco María Ruiz - Wikipedia
José de la Guerra y Noriega
José Antonio de la Guerra y Noriega (March 6, 1779 – February 18, 1858) was a soldier and early settler of California.
José de la Guerra was born 1779 at Novales, Cantabria, Spain. As a boy he wi...
List of pre-statehood mayors of San Diego
This is a list of pre-statehood mayors of San Diego. See also the mayor of San Diego for the list of mayors after statehood.From 1770 San Diego was ruled by a commandant from the Presidio of San Diego...
List of pre-statehood mayors of San Diego - Wikipedia
Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra Ferrer, O.F.M., (/dʒuːnɨˈpɛroʊ ˈsɛrə/; [xuˈnipeɾo ˈsera]) (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded a mission in Baja California and the firs...
Junípero Serra - Wikipedia
Los Angeles Pobladores
The Pobladores ("townspeople") of Los Angeles refers to the 44 original settlers and 4 soldiers who founded the city of Los Angeles, California in 1781.When the Governor of Las Californias, Felipe de ...
Los Angeles Pobladores - Wikipedia
Tales of Zorro
Tales of Zorro is a 2008 anthology of Zorro stories and is the first collection of original short fiction featuring pulp hero Zorro, edited by United States author, editor and copywriter Richard Dean ...
Tales of Zorro - Wikipedia
José María Estudillo
José María Estudillo (died April 8, 1830), was an early settler of San Diego, California and was a governing official during San Diego's Mexican period.
Born in Andalusia, Spain, Captain Estudillo...
José María Estudillo - Wikipedia
Joseph Sadoc Alemany
Joseph Sadoc Alemany y Conill, O.P. (July 3, 1814 – April 14, 1888) was a Catalan American Roman Catholic archbishop and missionary. He served as the first Bishop of Monterey from 1850 until 1853, and...
Joseph Sadoc Alemany - Wikipedia
Romualdo Pacheco
José Antonio Romualdo Pacheco, Jr. (October 31, 1831 – January 23, 1899) was a Californio politician and diplomat. Involved in California state and federal politics, Pacheco was elected...
Romualdo Pacheco - Wikipedia
Pablo Vicente de Solá
Pablo Vicente de Solá, (1761–1826), was a Basque Spanish colonial governor of Spanish Alta California 1815-1822, the last under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. He was born in Mondragón, Gipuzkoa (Spain)...
José Antonio Carrillo
Captain José Antonio Ezequiel Carrillo (1796–1862) was a Californio rancher, officer, and politician in the early years of Mexican Alta California and U.S. California.
He was the son of the Spanis...
José Antonio Carrillo - Wikipedia
José Joaquin Jimeno
Father José Joaquin Jimeno (1804–1856) was a Spanish missionary to the Americas.Father Jimeno is known to have traveled with Father Mariano Payeras to San Jacinto, a distant rancho of Mission Sa...
Procopio
Procopio (c. 1841- ?), also known as Red-Handed Dick and Red Dick was one of the best-known bandits in California history. His nickname was reportedly given due either to his red hair, or his vi...
Procopio - Wikipedia
Juan José Carrillo
Juan José Carrillo (September 8, 1842 – March 30, 1916) was member of one of the early Spanish families, and a prominent figure in early Southern California history.
Carrillo was born in Santa Bar...
Juan José Carrillo - Wikipedia
José Darío Argüello
José Darío Argüello (1753–1828) was a Spanish soldier, Las Californias (California) pioneer, founder of Los Angeles, twice a Spanish colonial governor, of Alta California and then of the Baja Californ...
Nicolás Gutiérrez
Lieutenant Colonel Nicolás Gutiérrez was a twice acting governor of Alta California in 1836 from January to May and July to November.Gutierrez served two abbreviated terms in less than a year as actin...
Pío Pico
Pío de Jesús Pico (May 5, 1801 – September 11, 1894) was the last governor of Alta California (now the State of California) under Mexican rule.
Pico was a first-generation Californio, born in Alta...
Pío Pico - Wikipedia
José de Züñiga
José de Zúñiga (1755 – 1794) was a soldier and early California and Arizona settler.Zúñiga was born 1755 in Cuautitlán, near Mexico City, to Spanish parents.He enlisted on October 18, 1772 as an offi...
José Francisco de Paula Señan
Father José Francisco de Paula Señan (March 3, 1760 – August 24, 1823) was a Spanish missionary to the Americas.
He was born in Barcelona, Spain and entered the Franciscan Order in 1774. In ...
Luis Manuel Quintero
Luis Manuel Quintero (1725? – 1810) was an Afro-Mexican tailor from Guadalajara, Jalisco; who later became one of the 44 original settlers of the Pueblo de Los Angeles (present-day Los Angeles, ...