Canaanites
Canaan (/ˈkeɪnən/; Northwest Semitic knaʿn; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍; biblical Hebrew: כנען / knaʿn; Masoretic: כְּנָעַן / Kənáʿan) was, during the late 2nd millennium BC, a region in the Ancient Near Eas...
Canaanites - Wikipedia
Phoenicia
The Phoenicians.
Phoenicia
Phoenicia (/fɨˈnɪʃə/ or /fəˈniːʃə/; from the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية‎, Fīnīqīyah) was an ancient Semitic civilization situated on the western, coastal part ...
Phoenicia - Wikipedia
Pre-history of the Southern Levant
The prehistory of the Levant includes the various cultural changes that occurred, as revealed by archaeological evidence, prior to recorded traditions in the area of the Levant. Archaeological evidenc...
Pre-history of the Southern Levant - Wikipedia
History of ancient Israel and Judah
Israel and Judah were related Iron Age kingdoms of the ancient Levant. The Kingdom of Israel emerged as an important local power by the 9th century BCE before falling to the Neo-Assyrian Empire in 722...
History of ancient Israel and Judah - Wikipedia
Archaeology of Israel
The archaeology of Israel is the study of the archaeology of the present-day Israel, stretching from prehistory through three millennia of documented history. The ancient Land of Israel was a geograph...
Archaeology of Israel - Wikipedia
Kings of Ugarit
Ugarit (/ˌuːɡəˈriːt, ˌjuː-/; Ugaritic: 𐎜𐎂𐎗𐎚, ʼUgart; Arabic: أوغاريت‎) was an ancient port city, the ruins of which are located at what is now called Ras Shamra (sometimes written "R...
Kings of Ugarit - Wikipedia
Eshmunazar
The sarcophagus of Eshmunazar II (Phoenician: ʾšmnʿzr), a Phoenician king of Sidon and the son of King Tabnit (possibly the Greek Tenes), was created in the early 5th century BCE. It was unearthed in...
Eshmunazar - Wikipedia
Baal-Eser II
Baal-Eser II (846–841 BC), also known as Balbazer II and Ba'l-mazzer I, was a king of Tyre, the son of Ithobaal I.The primary information related to Baal-Eser II comes from Josephus's citation of the ...
Resheph

In Ugarit, Resheph was identified with Nergal, in Idalion, Cyprus, with Apollo.Resheph is mentioned in Ugaritic mythological texts such as the epic of Kirta and The Mare and Horon.In Ugaritic i...
Resheph - Wikipedia
Phoenician alphabet
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1200 BC, is the oldest verified consonantal alphabet, or abjad. It was used for the writin...
Pupput
Pupput (Arabic: Souk el-Abiod) is an archaeological site near Hammamet, in northern Tunisia.A settlement existed here since as early as the 1st century BC (perhaps of Berber-Punic origin), and was a s...
Pupput - Wikipedia
Ahiram
The Ahiram sarcophagus (also spelled Ahirom) was the sarcophagus of a Phoenician king of Byblos (ca. 1000 BC), discovered in 1923 by the French excavator Pierre Montet in tomb V of the royal necropoli...
Ahiram - Wikipedia
Temple of Eshmun
The Temple of Eshmun (Arabic: معبد أشمون‎) is an ancient place of worship dedicated to Eshmun, the Phoenician god of healing. It is located near the Awali river, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) n...
Temple of Eshmun - Wikipedia
Iulia Valentia Banasa
Colonia Iulia Valentia Banasa was one of the three colonias in Mauretania Tingitana (in northern Morocco) founded by emperor Augustus between 33 and 25 BC. for veterans of the battle of Actium.
It...
Iulia Valentia Banasa - Wikipedia
San Roque, Cádiz
San Roque is a small town and municipality in the south of Spain. It is part of the province of Cádiz, which in turn is part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. San Roque is situated a short way...
San Roque, Cádiz - Wikipedia
King Hiram I
Hiram I (Hebrew: חִירָם, "high-born"; Standard Hebrew Ḥiram, Tiberian vocalization Ḥîrām, Modern Arabic: حيرام), according to the Hebrew Bible, was the Phoenician king of Tyre. He reigned from 980 to ...
Abdi-Milkutti
Abdi-Milkutti (=Abdi-milki) was a Sidonian king (reigned ca. 680-677 BC) who rose up against Assyrian rule. He had formed an alliance with Sanduarri, king of Kundi and Sizu, a prince of the Lebanon, p...
Abdi-Milkutti - Wikipedia
Moloch
Moloch, also known as Molech, Molekh, Molok, Molek, Melek, Molock, Moloc, Melech, Milcom, or Molcom (representing Semitic מלך m-l-k, a Semitic root meaning "king") is the name of an ancient Ammonite g...
Moloch - Wikipedia
Heliopolitan Triad
The cult of the Heliopolitan Triad was Phoenician in essence but the Romans adopted it when they conquered the city of Baalbeck in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon. The Phoenician deity, Hadad became Jupit...
Tyrian purple
Tyrian purple (Greek, πορφύρα, porphyra, Latin: purpura), also known as Tyrian red, royal purple, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a bromine-containing reddish-purple natural dye. It is a secre...
Tyrian purple - Wikipedia
Shahar (god)
Shahar is the god of dawn in the pantheon of Ugarit. He is the twin brother and counterpart of Shalim, son of El, and the god of dusk. Both are gods of the planet Venus, and were considered by some to...
Shofet
In Hebrew and several other Semitic languages, shophet (plural shophtim) literally means "Judge", from the verb "Š-P-T", "to pass judgment". Cognate titles exist in other Semitic cultures, notably Pho...
Amrit
Amrit or Amrith (Arabic: عمريت‎), also known as Marathos or Marathus (Ancient Greek: Μάραθος), was an ancient Phoenician city located near Tartus in Syria. Founded in the third millennium BC...
Amrit - Wikipedia
Lisbon
Lisbon (/ˈlɪzbən/; Portuguese: Lisboa, [liʒˈboɐ]) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with a population of 552,700 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km². Its ...
History of Carthage
The study of the history of Carthage is often problematic. Due to the subjugation of the civilization by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War, very few Carthaginian historical primary sources ...
History of Carthage - Wikipedia
Sanchuniathon
Sanchuniathon (Greek: Σαγχουνιάθων; gen.: Σαγχουνιάθωνος) is the purported Phoenician author of three lost works originally in the Phoenician language, surviving only in partial paraphrase and summary...
Thapsus
Thapsus or Thapsos (less commonly, Tapsus) (Greek: Θάψος) was an ancient city in what is modern-day Tunisia. Its ruins exist at Ras Dimas near Bekalta, approximately 200 km southeast of Carth...
Thapsus - Wikipedia
Enišasi
Enišasi, was a city, or city-state located in the Beqaa Valley-(called Amqu, or Amka) of Lebanon, during the 1350-1335 BC Amarna letters correspondence. Of the 382–Amarna letters, Enišasi is onl...
Enišasi - Wikipedia
Mattan I
Mattan I (or Matan I or Mittin) ruled Tyre from 829 to 821 BC, succeeding Baal-Eser II (Balbazer II) of Tyre/Sidon.[1] He was the father of Pygmalion (also known as Pumayyaton), king of Tyre from 831 ...