Carbon-based life
Carbon forms the key component for all known naturally occurring life on Earth. Complex molecules are made up of carbon bonded with other elements, especially oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen, and carbon...
Becoming: From zygote to tadpole, in six stunning minutes
Watch a single cell become a complete organism in six pulsing minutes of timelapse Native to central and southern Europe, the amphibious alpine newt breeds in shallow water, where its larvae are born...
How a single-celled organism almost wiped out life on Earth
There’s an organism that changed the world. It caused the first mass extinction in Earth’s history … and also paved the way for complex life. How?
27 Incredible Animals With Real Superpowers
Humans have got nothing on these.
There's No Such Thing as a 'Simple' Organism
What may be the most thorough study ever of a single organism has produced a beta code for life’s essential subroutines, and shown that even the simplest creatures are more complex than scientists sus...
Organism
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as a vertebrate, insect, plant or bacterium. Although more than 99 percent of all species of organisms that ever lived on the planet are e...
Organism - Wikipedia
Life form
A life form or lifeform is an entity or being that is living or alive or living. This is a list of articles that relate to physical, hypothetical, alleged, religious, or fictional life forms.Although ...
Archaeplastida
The Archaeplastida (or Plantae sensu lato - in the broad sense) are a major group of eukaryotes, comprising the red algae (Rhodophyta), the green algae and the land plants, together with a small group...
Archaeplastida - Wikipedia
Biosphere
The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. It can also be termed the zone of life on Earth, a closed system (apart from solar and cosmic radiation and heat from the interior of the Earth), and...
Biosphere - Wikipedia
Prehistoric life
The evolutionary history of life on Earth traces the processes by which living and fossil organisms have evolved since life on the planet first originated until the present day. Earth formed about 4.5...
Prehistoric life - Wikipedia
Dense heterarchy
A dense heterarchy is a hierarchical organization in social insect colonies in which the higher levels affect the lower levels and lower levels eventually influence the higher levels. Individual ants...
The Major Transitions in Evolution
The Major Transitions in Evolution is a book written by John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry (Oxford University Press, 1995). This was a seminal publication that continues to contribute to ongoing is...
Collective intelligence
Collective intelligence is shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making. The term ...
Collective intelligence - Wikipedia
Artificial life
Artificial life (often abbreviated ALife or A-Life) is a field of study and an associated art form which examine systems related to life, its processes, and its evolution, through the use of simulatio...
Digital organism
A digital organism is a self-replicating computer program that mutates and evolves. Digital organisms are used as a tool to study the dynamics of Darwinian evolution, and to test or verify specific h...
Task allocation and partitioning of social insects
Task allocation and partitioning refers to the way that tasks are chosen, assigned, subdivided, and coordinated (here, within a single colony of social insects). Closely associated are issues of commu...
Bacteria
Bacteria (/bækˈtɪəriə/; singular: bacterium) constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to r...
Bacteria - Wikipedia
Living fossil
A living fossil is a living species (or clade) of organism that appears to be similar to a species otherwise known only from fossils, typically with no close living relatives. Normally the similarity...
Living fossil - Wikipedia
Parasites
Parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host. Traditionally parasite referred primarily to organis...
Parasites - Wikipedia
The Lucifer Principle
The Lucifer Principle book by Howard Bloom, sees social groups, not individuals, as the primary "unit of selection," on genes and human psychological development. It states that both competition betwe...
The Lucifer Principle - Wikipedia
Origin of life
Abiogenesis (/ˌeɪbaɪ.ɵˈdʒɛnɨsɪs/ AY-by-oh-JEN-ə-siss) or biopoiesis is the natural process of life arising from non-living matter such as simple organic compounds.Hypotheses about abiogenesis can be d...
Origin of life - Wikipedia
Biota (taxonomy)
In some systems of scientific classification, Biota, Vitae, Eobionti is the superdomain that classifies all life. For that reason it is often disputed how the taxon should be further divided, as the d...
Quorum sensing
Quorum sensing is a system of stimulae and response correlated to population density. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local ...
Quorum sensing - Wikipedia
List of long-living organisms
This is a list of the oldest individual bioforms. This is usually defined as:
If the mortality rate of a species does not increase after maturity, the species does not age and is said to be biolog...
Francis Heylighen
Francis Paul Heylighen (born 1960) is a Belgian cyberneticist investigating the emergence and evolution of intelligent organization. He presently works as a research professor at the Vrije Universitei...
Francis Heylighen - Wikipedia
Presociality
Sociality is the degree to which individuals in an animal population tend to associate in social groups and form cooperative societies.Sociality is a survival response to evolutionary pressures. For e...
Presociality - Wikipedia
Biomass (ecology)
Biomass, in ecology, is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time. Biomass can refer to species biomass, which is the mass of one or more species, or to comm...
Biomass (ecology) - Wikipedia
Ecosystem
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting ...
Ecosystem - Wikipedia
Horizontal gene transfer
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) refers to the transfer of genes between organisms in a manner other than traditional reproduction. Also termed lateral gene transfer (LGT), it contrasts with vertical tr...
Horizontal gene transfer - Wikipedia