Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
Pius XI (1922–39) and Pius XII (1939–58) led the Roman Catholic Church through the rise and fall of Nazi Germany. In the 1930s, Catholics constituted a third of the population of Germany and "Politica...
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany differed in their responses to the rise of Nazi Germany, World War II, and the Holocaust during the years 1933–1945. In the 1930s, the Episcopate of the Catholic Churc...
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Political catholicism
Political Catholicism is a political and cultural conception which promotes the ideas and social teaching of the Catholic Church (Catholic social teaching) in public life through government action.
Reichskonkordat
The Reichskonkordat (English: Reich Concordat) is a treaty between the Holy See and Germany negotiated during its transition into Nazi Germany. It was signed on 20 July 1933 by Secretary of State ...
Reichskonkordat - Wikipedia
Mit brennender Sorge
Mit brennender Sorge (English: With Burning Anxiety) On the Church and the German Reich is an encyclical of Pope Pius XI, issued during the Nazi era on 10 March 1937 (but bearing a date of Passion...
Mit brennender Sorge - Wikipedia
Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust
The start of the pontificate of Pius XII occurred at the time of the Second World War and the Nazi Holocaust, which saw the industrialized mass murder of millions of Jews and others by Adolf Hitler's ...
Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust - Wikipedia
Pope Pius XII and Judaism
The relations between Pope Pius XII and Judaism have long been controversial, especially those questions that surround Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust. Other issues involve Pius's Jewish friendships a...
Pope Pius XII and Poland
Pope Pius XII and Poland includes Church relations from 1939-1958. Pius XII became Pope on the eve of the Second World War. The invasion of predominantly Catholic Poland by Nazi Germany in 1939 ignite...
Reorganization of dioceses during World War II
The reorganization of occupied dioceses during World War II was an issue faced by Pope Pius XII of whether to extend the apostolic authority of Catholic bishops from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy to ...
Reorganization of dioceses during World War II - Wikipedia
Ratlines (history)
Ratlines were a system of escape routes for Nazis and other fascists fleeing Europe at the end of World War II. These escape routes mainly led toward havens in South America, particularly Argentina, P...
ODESSA
The ODESSA, from the German Organisation der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, meaning “Organisation of Former SS Members,” supposedly was an international Nazi network set up towards the end of World War II...
ODESSA - Wikipedia
Pope Pius XII and the Roman razzia
Pope Pius XII's response to the Roman razzia; Italian for roundup, or mass deportation of Jews on October 16, 1943; is a significant issue relating to Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust. Under Mussolini,...
Pope Pius XII and the Roman razzia - Wikipedia
International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission
The International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission was a body appointed by the Holy See's Pontifical Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews in 1999. With three Jewish and three Catholi...
Pope Pius XII's 1942 Christmas address
Pope Pius XII's 1942 Christmas address was a speech delivered by Pope Pius XII over Vatican Radio on Christmas 1942. It is notable for its supposed denunciation of the extermination of people on the b...
Jewish orphans controversy
The Jewish orphans controversy was a legal dispute that occurred after the Second World War when the Holy See under Pope Pius XII issued instructions that Catholic institutions and families should kee...
The Myth of Hitler's Pope
The Myth of Hitler's Pope: How Pope Pius XII Rescued Jews from the Nazis is a book written by American historian and Rabbi David G. Dalin and published in 2005 by Regnery Publishing.
In 2001 Josep...
Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli ([euˈdʒɛnjo maˈria dʒuˈzɛppe dʒoˈvanni paˈtʃɛlli]; 2 March 1876 – 9 October 1958), reigned from 2 March 1939 to his death in 1958. Be...
Pope Pius XII - Wikipedia
Holy See - Israel relations
Holy See–Israel relations deals with the diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the State of Israel which were established in 1993 after the adoption of the Fundamental Accord by the two States...
Holy See - Israel relations - Wikipedia
Pope Benedict XV and Judaism
The relations between Pope Benedict XV and Judaism were marked by two significant historical events : the emigration of Eastern European Jewish communities due to the Great War and to pogroms, an...
Conversion of Jews to Catholicism during the Holocaust
The conversion of Jews to Catholicism during the Holocaust is one of the most controversial aspects of the record of Pope Pius XII during The Holocaust.According to John Morley, who wrote about Vatica...
Conversion of Jews to Catholicism during the Holocaust - Wikipedia
Vatican and Eastern Europe (1846-1958)
The Vatican and Eastern Europe (1846–1958) describes the relations from the pontificate of Pope Pius IX (1846–1878) through the pontificate of Pope Pius XII (1939–1958). It includes the relations of t...
Vatican and Eastern Europe (1846-1958) - Wikipedia
Expulsion of Germans after World War II
During the later stages of World War II and the post-war period the German Reichsdeutsche (German citizens) were forced out of Eastern European countries to Germany and Austria. After 1950 some emigra...
Expulsion of Germans after World War II - Wikipedia
108 Martyrs of World War Two
The 108 Martyrs of World War II, known also as the 108 Blessed Polish Martyrs (Polish: 108 błogosławionych męczenników), were Roman Catholics from Poland killed during World War II by Nazi Germany...
108 Martyrs of World War Two - Wikipedia
Alleged plot to kidnap Pope Pius XII
Several authors have alleged that there was a plot to kidnap Pope Pius XII by the Nazis when they occupied Rome during World War II. SS General Karl Wolff stated that he had been ordered on September...
Alleged plot to kidnap Pope Pius XII - Wikipedia
Holy See - Palestinian relations
The Holy See has maintained relations with Palestinians since before 1948. On 11 February 1948, the Holy See created the office of Apostolic Delegate to Jerusalem and Palestine, with jurisdiction over...
Catholic clergy involvement with the Ustaše
Catholic clergy involvement with the Ustaše covers the role of the Croatian Catholic Church in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), a Nazi puppet state created on the territory of Axis-occupied Yug...
Catholic clergy involvement with the Ustaše - Wikipedia
Conference of the German Bishops
The German Bishops' Conference (German: Deutsche Bischofskonferenz) is the episcopal conference of the bishops of the Roman Catholic dioceses in Germany. Members include diocesan bishops, coadjuto...
The Deputy
The Deputy, a Christian tragedy (German: Der Stellvertreter. Ein christliches Trauerspiel), also known as The Representative (although a more accurate translation would be The Vicar), is a controvers...
The Deputy - Wikipedia
Hitler's Pope
Hitler's Pope is a book published in 1999 by the British journalist and author John Cornwell that examines the actions of Eugenio Pacelli, who became Pope Pius XII, before and during the Nazi era, and...
Hitler's Pope - Wikipedia
Deputy Führer
Deputy Führer (German: Stellvertreter des Führers, more faithfully translated as "Deputy of the Führer") was the title for the deputy head of the Nazi Party, which was held by Rudolf Hess. Hess's depa...