Cis-regulatory RNA elements
Cis-acting replication elements brings together the 5' and 3' ends during replication of positive sense single stranded RNA viruses (for example Picornavirus, Flavivirus, coronavirus, togaviruses, Hep...
Ribosomal protein leader
A ribosomal protein leader is a mechanism used in cells to control the cellular concentraction of a protein that forms a part of the ribosome, and to make sure that the concentration is neither too hi...
Riboswitch
In molecular biology, a riboswitch is a regulatory segment of a messenger RNA molecule that binds a small molecule, resulting in a change in production of the proteins encoded by the mRNA. Thus, an m...
Riboswitch - Wikipedia
C-myc internal ribosome entry site (IRES)
The c-myc internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is an RNA element present in the 5' UTR of the mRNA of C-myc and allows cap-independent translation. The mammalian c-myc gene is a proto-oncogene which is...
C-myc internal ribosome entry site (IRES) - Wikipedia
L17DE RNA motif
The L17 downstream element RNA motif (also called L17DE) is a conserved RNA structure identified in bacteria by bioinformatics. All known L17 downstream elements were detected immediately downstream ...
L17DE RNA motif - Wikipedia
Sxy 5' UTR element
The Sxy 5' UTR element is an RNA element that controls expression of the sxy gene in H. influenzae. The sxy gene is a transcription factor (also known as TfoX) that regulates competence which is the a...
Sxy 5' UTR element - Wikipedia
Renin stability regulatory element (REN-SRE)
The Renin stability regulatory element (REN-SRE) is a cis-acting element identified in the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the renin (REN) gene. It acts to regulate the levels of renin protein produc...
Renin stability regulatory element (REN-SRE) - Wikipedia
Internal ribosome entry site
An internal ribosome entry site, abbreviated IRES, is a nucleotide sequence that allows for translation initiation in the middle of a messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence as part of the greater process of pr...
Internal ribosome entry site - Wikipedia
Ribosomal pause
Ribosomal pause refers to the queueing or stacking of ribosomes during translation of the nucleotide sequence of mRNA transcripts. These transcripts are decoded and converted into amino acid sequence ...
Recode (database)
RECODE is a database of 'programmed' frameshifts, bypassing and codon redefinition used for gene expression.
Termite-leu RNA motif
The Termite-leu RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure discovered by bioinformatics. It is found only in DNA sequences extracted from uncultivated bacteria living in termite hindguts, and has not yet...
Termite-leu RNA motif - Wikipedia
HopC RNA motif
The hopC RNA motif is a predicted cis-regulatory element identified by a bioinformatic screen for conserved RNA secondary structures. hopC RNAs are exclusively found within bacteria classified withi...
HopC RNA motif - Wikipedia
HIF-1 alpha IRES
The HIF-1α internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is an RNA element present in the 5' UTR of the mRNA of HIF-1α that allows cap-independent translation. The HIF-1α internal ribosome entry site (IRES) all...
HIF-1 alpha IRES - Wikipedia
PyrR binding site
The PyrR binding site is an RNA element that is found upstream of a variety of genes involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis and transport.The RNA structure permits binding of PyrR protein which regulates...
PyrR binding site - Wikipedia
Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop
The Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop represents a putative stem-loop structure found in the 5' UTR in RNA 1 of alfalfa mosaic virus. RNA 1 is responsible for encoding the viral replicase pr...
Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 1 5' UTR stem-loop - Wikipedia
Nanos 3' UTR translation control element
Nanos 3' UTR translation control element is a cis-regulatory element in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the messenger RNA which encodes the Nanos protein. The Nanos protein in Drosophila is requ...
Nanos 3' UTR translation control element - Wikipedia
AdoCbl riboswitch
Cobalamin riboswitch is a cis-regulatory element which is widely distributed in 5' untranslated regions of vitamin B12 (Colbalamin) related genes in bacteria. Riboswitches are metabolite binding domai...
AdoCbl riboswitch - Wikipedia
HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon
The HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon (HBV_epsilon) is an element essential for HBV virus replication.It is an RNA structure situated near the 5' end of the HBV pregenomic RNA. The structure consis...
HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon - Wikipedia
Cardiovirus cis-acting replication element
This family represents a Cardiovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE) which is located within the region encoding the capsid protein VP2 and is required for viral replication.
Cardiovirus cis-acting replication element - Wikipedia
Potato virus X cis-acting regulatory element
The Potato virus X cis-acting regulatory element is a cis-acting regulatory element found in the 3' UTR of the Potato virus X genome. This element has been found to be required for minus strand RNA ac...
Potato virus X cis-acting regulatory element - Wikipedia
JUMPstart RNA motif
The JUMPstart RNA motif describes a conserved RNA-based secondary structure associated with JUMPstart elements. The 39-base-pair JUMPstart sequence describes a conserved element upstream of genes tha...
JUMPstart RNA motif - Wikipedia
YkkC-yxkD leader
The YkkC/YxkD leader is a conserved RNA structure found upstream of the ykkC and yxkD genes in Bacillus subtilis and related genes in other bacteria. The function of this family is unclear although it...
YkkC-yxkD leader - Wikipedia
FlpD RNA motif
The flpD RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure discovered using bioinformatics. It is detected only in methanogenic archaea, and is generally located in the apparent 5' untranslated region of genes...
FlpD RNA motif - Wikipedia
Avian HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon
The Avian HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon (AHBV_epsilon) is an RNA structure that is shown to facilitate encapsidation of the pregenomic RNA required for replication. There are two main classes o...
Avian HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon - Wikipedia
YlbH leader
This family is a putative regulatory RNA structure that is found upstream of the ylbH gene in B. subtilis and related low GC Gram-positive bacteria.
YlbH leader - Wikipedia
PsbNH RNA motif
The psbNH RNA motif describes a class of RNA molecules that have a conserved secondary structure. psbNH RNAs are always found between psbH and psbH genes, both of which are involved in the cyanobact...
PsbNH RNA motif - Wikipedia
Hepatitis C alternative reading frame stem-loop
Hepatitis C alternative reading frame stem-loop is a conserved secondary structure motif identified in the RNA genome of the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) which is proposed to have an important role in regu...
Hepatitis C alternative reading frame stem-loop - Wikipedia
Spi-1 (PU.1) 5' UTR regulatory element
The Spi-1 (PU.1) 5' UTR regulatory element is an RNA element found in the 5' UTR of Spi-1 mRNA which is able to inhibit the translation Spi-1 transcripts by 8-fold. Spi-1 regulates myeloid gene expres...
Spi-1 (PU.1) 5' UTR regulatory element - Wikipedia
FMN riboswitch
The FMN riboswitch (also known as RFN element) is a highly conserved RNA element that is found frequently in the 5'-untranslated regions of prokaryotic mRNAs that encode for flavin mononucleotide (FMN...
FMN riboswitch - Wikipedia
YjdF RNA motif
The yjdF RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure identified using bioinformatics. Most yjdF RNAs are located in bacteria classified within the phylum Firmicutes. A yjdF RNA is found in the presumed ...
SAM-SAH riboswitch
The SAM-SAH riboswitch is a conserved RNA structure in certain bacteria that binds S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and is therefore presumed to be a riboswitch. SAM-SAH ri...
SAM-SAH riboswitch - Wikipedia