Amarna letters
The Amarna letters (sometimes Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets) archive, on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan...
Amarna letters - Wikipedia
Enûma Eliš
The Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform: 𒂊𒉡𒈠𒂊𒇺, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation mythos (named after its opening words). It was recovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in frag...
Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. Dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (circa 2100 BC), it is often regarded as the first great work of literature. The literary history o...
Epic of Gilgamesh - Wikipedia
Debate between bird and fish
The Debate between bird and fish is a literature essay of the Sumerian language, on clay tablets from the mid to late 3rd millennium BC.Seven "debate" topics are known from the Sumerian literature, fa...
Debate between bird and fish - Wikipedia
Scribe
A scribe is a person who writes books or documents by hand as a profession and helps keep track of records.
The profession, previously found in all literate cultures in some form, lost most of its...
Scribe - Wikipedia
Linear B
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek. The script predates the Greek alphabet by several centuries. The oldest Mycenaean writing ...
Linear B - Wikipedia
Palace of Nestor
21°41′41.41″E / 37.0270472°N 21.6948361°E / 37.0270472; 21.6948361The so-called Palace of Nestor (Modern Greek: Ἀνάκτορον Νέστορος , Ανάκτορο του Νέστορα ) is the primary stru...
Palace of Nestor - Wikipedia
Yale Babylonian Collection
Comprising some 45,000 items, the Yale Babylonian Collection is an independent branch of the Yale University Library housed on the Yale University campus in Sterling Memorial Library at New Haven, Con...
Colophon (publishing)
In publishing, a colophon is a brief statement containing information about the publication of a book such as the place of publication, the publisher, and the date of publication. A colophon may also ...
Colophon (publishing) - Wikipedia
Shamhat
Shamhat (or Šamhat, also called Shamkat in the old Babylonian version of Gilgamesh".) is the name of a female character who appears in Tablets I/and II of the Epic of Gilgamesh and is mentioned in Tab...
Uruk
Uruk (Cuneiform: 𒌷𒀔, UNUG; Sumerian: Unug; Akkadian: Uruk; Aramaic/Hebrew: אֶרֶךְ Erech; Ancient Greek: Ὀρχόη Orchoē, Ὠρύγεια Ōrugeia; Arabic: وركاء‎, Warkā') was an ancient city...
Uruk - Wikipedia
Shamash
Shamash (Akkadian: Šamaš, "Sun") was a native Mesopotamian deity and the Sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian pantheons. Shamash was the god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria, correspond...
Shamash - Wikipedia
Summa izbu
Šumma izbu, “If a reject (= anomalous birth)” is an ancient Mesopotamian compendium of around 2,000 teratological omens, on 24 tablets probably formed from three separate earlier series on odd human b...
Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa
The Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa (Enuma Anu Enlil Tablet 63) refers to the record of astronomical observations of Venus, as preserved in numerous cuneiform tablets dating from the first millennium BCE. ...
Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa - Wikipedia
Sofer (scribe)
A Sofer, Sopher, Sofer SeTaM, or Sofer ST"M (Heb: "scribe", סופר סת״ם) is a Jewish scribe who can transcribe Torah scrolls, tefillin and mezuzot, and other religious writings. (ST"M, סת״ם, is an abbre...
Sofer (scribe) - Wikipedia
Deir ez-Zor Museum
The Deir ez-Zor Museum (Arabic: متحف دير الزور‎) is a museum devoted to the archaeology and history of northeastern Syria, an area more commonly known as the Jezirah, or Upper Mesopotamia. T...
Deir ez-Zor Museum - Wikipedia
Sîn-lēqi-unninni
Sîn-lēqi-unninni was an incantation/exorcist priest (mashmashshu) who lived in Mesopotamia in the period between 1300 BC and 1000 BC. He is the compiler of the best preserved version of the Epic of Gi...
Lament for Ur
The Lament for Ur, or Lamentation over the city of Ur is a Sumerian lament composed around the time of the fall of Ur to the Elamites and the end of the city's third dynasty (c. 2000 BC).
It conta...
Lament for Ur - Wikipedia
Siduri
Siduri is a character in the Epic of Gilgamesh. She is an "alewife", a wise female divinity associated with fermentation (specifically beer and wine).
In the earlier Old Babylonian version of the ...
Glozel Tablets
Glozel (46°02′N 3°36′E / 46.033°N 3.600°E / 46.033; 3.600) is a hamlet in central France, part of the commune of Ferrières-sur-Sichon, Canton of Le Mayet-de-Montagne, Allier, s...
Glozel Tablets - Wikipedia
Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty
The Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty was concluded between Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II and Hittite King Hattusili III. According to most Egyptologists it was concluded in or around 1259 BC, marking the ...
Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty - Wikipedia
Chogha Mish
Tappeh-ye Choghā Mīsh (Persian language; ČOḠĀ MĪŠ) dating back to 6800 BC, is the site of a Chalcolithic settlement in Western Iran, located in the Khuzistan Province on the Susiana Plain. It was occu...
Chogha Mish - Wikipedia