Click consonant
Clicks are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of southern Africa, and in three languages of East Africa. Examples of these sounds familiar to English speakers are the tsk! tsk! ...
Nasal clicks
Nasal clicks are click consonants pronounced with nasal airflow. All click types (alveolar ǃ, dental ǀ, lateral ǁ, palatal ǂ, retroflex ‼, and labial ʘ) have nasal variants, and these are attested in ...
Glottalized clicks
Glottalized clicks are click consonants pronounced with closure of the glottis. All click types (alveolar ǃ, dental ǀ, lateral ǁ, palatal ǂ, retroflex ‼, and labial ʘ) have glottalized variants. They ...
Glottalized clicks - Wikipedia
Pulmonic-contour clicks
Pulmonic-contour clicks, also called sequential linguo-pulmonic consonants, are consonants that transition from a click to an ordinary pulmonic sound, or more precisely, have an audible delay between ...
Pulmonic-contour clicks - Wikipedia
Ejective-contour clicks
Ejective-contour clicks, also called sequential linguo-glottalic consonants, are consonants that transition from a click to an ejective sound, or more precisely, have an audible delay between the fron...
Kavango - Southwest Bantu languages
The Kavango – Southwest Bantu languages are a group of Bantu languages established by Anita Pfouts (2003). The Southwest Bantu languages constitute most of Guthrie's Zone R. The languages, or clusters...
Kavango - Southwest Bantu languages - Wikipedia
Khoe languages
The Khoe languages are the largest of the non-Bantu language families indigenous to southern Africa. They were once considered to be a branch of a Khoisan language family, and were known as Central Kh...
Kx'a languages
The Kx'a languages, also called Ju–ǂHoan, are a family established in 2010 linking the ǂ’Amkoe (ǂHoan) language with the ǃKung (Juu) dialect cluster, a relationship that had been suspected for a decad...
Nguni languages
The Nguni languages are a group of Bantu languages spoken in southern Africa by the Nguni people. Nguni languages include Xhosa, Zulu, Swazi, Hlubi, Phuthi and Ndebele (both Southern Transvaal Ndebele...
Sotho language
The Sotho /ˈsuːtuː/ language, also known as Sesotho, Southern Sotho, or Southern Sesotho, is a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Les...
Sotho language - Wikipedia
Tuu languages
The Tuu or Taa–ǃKwi (Taa–ǃUi, ǃUi–Taa, Kwi) languages are a language family consisting of two language clusters spoken in Botswana and South Africa. The relationship between the two clusters is not do...
Fanagalo
Fanagalo is a pidgin (simplified language) based primarily on Zulu, with English and a small Afrikaans input. It is used as a lingua franca, mainly in the gold, diamond, coal and copper mining industr...
Sotho phonology
The phonology of Sesotho and those of the other Sotho–Tswana languages are radically different from those of "older" or more "stereotypical" Bantu languages. Modern Sesotho in particular has very mixe...
Sotho phonology - Wikipedia
Herero language
The Herero language (Otjiherero) is a language of the Bantu family (Niger–Congo group). It is spoken by the Ovaherero and Ovambanderu in Namibia (206,000) and Botswana as well as by small communities ...
Herero language - Wikipedia
Voiced dental click
The voiced dental click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ǀ̬⟩ ...
Voiced dental click - Wikipedia
Hadza language
Hadza is a language isolate spoken along the shores of Lake Eyasi in Tanzania by fewer than a thousand Hadza people, the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa. Despite the small number of speakers...
Ngambwe language
Ngambwe is a Bantu language of Angola. Until perhaps Anita Pfouts (2003), it was considered a dialect of Nyaneka.
Totela language
Totela is a poorly described Bantu language of Zambia. Its classification is assumed rather than demonstrated.Maho (2009) classifies the nearby Totela of Namibia as a distinct but closely related lang...
ǂ’Amkoe language
ǂ’Amkoe, formerly called by the dialectal name ǂHoan (ǂHȍã, ǂHûân, ǂHua, ǂHû, or in native orthography ǂHȍȁn), is a severely endangered Kx'a language of Botswana. West ǂ’Amkoe, Taa (or perhaps the Ts...
Sotho calendar
The Sotho language (Sesotho) has traditional names for the months of the familiar Gregorian calendar. The names reflect a deep connection that the Sotho people (Basotho) traditionally have with the na...
Tenuis retroflex click
The voiceless or more precisely tenuis retroflex click is a rare click consonant. There is no symbol for it in the International Phonetic Alphabet, but one can be derived with a diacritic, ⟨ǃ˞&...
Tenuis retroflex click - Wikipedia
Gǁana language
Gǁana (pronounced /ˈɡɑːnə/ in English, and also spelled ǁGana, Gxana, Dxana, Xgana) is a Khoe dialect cluster of Botswana. It is closely related to Naro, and includes the well-known dialect Gǀwi, whi...
Simaa language
Simaa is a Bantu language of Zambia. It was assigned by Guthrie to Bantu group K.30, which Pfouts (2003) established as part of the Kavango–Southwest branch of Bantu. Though not specifically addressed...
Yeyi language
Yeyi (autoethnonym Shiyɛyi) is an endangered Bantu language spoken by many of the approximately 50,000 Yeyi people along the Okavango River in Namibia and Botswana. Yeyi, influenced by Juu languages, ...
Bilabial clicks
The labial or bilabial clicks are a family of click consonants that sound something like a smack of the lips. They are found as phonemes only in the small Tuu language family (currently two languages,...
Dental clicks
Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia. The tut-tut! (British spe...
Tenuis dental click
The voiceless or more precisely tenuis dental click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this ...