Cluniac Reforms
The Cluniac Reforms (also called the Benedictine Reform) were a series of changes within medieval monasticism of the Western Church focused on restoring the traditional monastic life, encouraging art,...
Cluniac Reforms - Wikipedia
Hugh of Cluny
Hugh of Cluny (May 13, 1024 – April 28, 1109) was an Abbot of Cluny, who is sometimes referred to as "Hugh the Great" or "Hugh of Semur". He was one of the most influential leaders of one of the most...
Abbot of Cluny
The Abbot of Cluny was the head of the powerful monastery of the Abbey of Cluny in medieval France. The following is a list of occupants of the position.
Serlo of Wilton
Serlo of Wilton (c. 1105–1181) was a 12th-century English poet, a friend of Walter Map and known to Gerald of Wales. He studied and taught at the University of Paris. He became a Cluniac and then a Ci...
Bernard of Cluny
Bernard of Cluny (or, of Morlaix, Morlay) was a twelfth-century French Benedictine monk, best known as the author of De Contemptu Mundi (On Contempt for the World), a long verse satire in Latin.
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Bernard of Cluny - Wikipedia
Thurstan
Thurstan or Turstin of Bayeux (c. 1070 – 6 February 1140) was a medieval Archbishop of York, the son of a priest. He served kings William II and Henry I of England before his election to the see ...
Thurstan - Wikipedia
Richard of Poitiers
Richard of Poitiers (died c. 1174), also known as Richard of Cluny, was a monk of the Benedictine abbey of Cluny, and author of a small number of historical works (including a universal chronicle), tr...
Alberic of Ostia
Alberic of Ostia (1080–1148) was a Benedictine monk, and Cardinal Bishop of Ostia from 1138 to 1148.He was born at Beauvais in France. He entered the monastery of Cluny and became its sub-prior and, ...
Bernard de Sedirac
Bernard de Sedirac, sometimes called Bernard of Agen or Bernard d'Agen, (c. 1050 – 1125) was the metropolitan archbishop of Toledo from 1086 and first primate of Spain from 1088 to his death. H...
Bernard de Sedirac - Wikipedia
Durand de Bredons
Durand de Bredons (died 1071) was a French Benedictine and bishop of Toulouse from about 1058. He was from Bredons in the Auvergne.He was from about 1048 Abbot of Moissac, a Cluniac reformer there.
Durand de Bredons - Wikipedia
Odo Arpin of Bourges
Odo Arpin of Bourges (also Arpinus, Harpinus, or Harpin) (c. 1060 – c. 1130) was a medieval viscount, crusader and monk.He inherited the lordship of Dun and became viscount of Bourges between 1092 and...
Pope Gregory VII
Pope Saint Gregory VII (Latin: Gregorius VII; c. 1015/1028 – 25 May 1085), born Hildebrand of Sovana (Italian: Ildebrando da Soana), was Pope from 22 April 1073 to his death in 1085.One of the...
Pope Gregory VII - Wikipedia
William of Volpiano
Saint William of Volpiano (Italian : Guglielmo da Volpiano ; French : Guillaume de Volpiano; English : William of Dijon, William of Saint Benignus) (June/July 962 – January 1, 1031...
William of Volpiano - Wikipedia
Libertas ecclesiae
Libertas ecclesiae ("freedom of the Church" in Latin) is the notion of freedom of ecclesiastical authority from secular or the temporal power, which guided the Reform movement which began in the 11th ...
Ulrich of Zell
Saint Ulrich of Zell, also known as Wulderic, sometimes of Cluny or of Regensburg (1029 – 1093), was a Cluniac reformer of Germany, abbot, founder and saint.
Ulrich was born at Regensburg in...
Ulrich of Zell - Wikipedia
Walk to Canossa
The term Walk to Canossa (German, Gang nach Canossa), sometimes called the Humiliation of Canossa (Italian, l'umiliazione di Canossa), refers to the trek of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV from Speyer to ...
Walk to Canossa - Wikipedia
Robert Shaw (bishop)
Robert Shaw (died 1527) was a Scottish cluniac monk and prelate. A son of the Laird of Sauchie, he became a monk at Paisley Abbey. He was provided as Abbot of Paisley after the resignation of Abbot Ge...
Odilo of Cluny
Saint Odilo of Cluny (c. 962 – 1 January 1049) was the fifth Benedictine Abbot of Cluny, holding the post for around 54 years.
Odilo was descended from the nobility of Auvergne. He early became a ...
Odilo of Cluny - Wikipedia
Pons of Melgueil
Pons of Melgueil (c. 1075 – 1126) was the seventh Abbot of Cluny from 1109 to 1122. He was descended from a noble lineage of Languedoc which had long supported the Gregorian reform. He himself was a g...
Investiture Controversy
The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was the most significant conflict between Church and state in medieval Europe. In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the aut...
Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II (Latin: Urbanus II; ca. 1042 – 29 July 1099), born Otho de Lagery (alternatively Otto, Odo, or Eudes), was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099. He is best known for initiati...
Pope Urban II - Wikipedia
Abbot of Paisley
The Abbot of Paisley (later Commendator of Paisley; Prior of Paisley before 1219) was the head of the Cluniac monastic community of Paisley Abbey and its property. The monastery was founded as a prior...
Gregorian Reform
The Gregorian Reforms were a series of reforms initiated by Pope Gregory VII and the circle he formed in the papal curia, circa 1050–80, which dealt with the moral integrity and independence of the c...
Hugh of Amiens
Hugh of Amiens (died 1164), monk of Cluny, prior of Limoges, prior of Lewes, abbot of Reading and archbishop of Rouen, was a 12th-century Picard-French Benedictine prelate.
Hugh was born in Laon l...
Hugh of Amiens - Wikipedia
Berno of Cluny
Saint Berno of Cluny (French: Bernon) or Berno of Baume (c. 850 – 13 January 927) was first abbot of Cluny from its foundation in 910 until he resigned in 925. He began the tradition of the Clun...
Peter the Venerable
Peter the Venerable (c. 1092 – 25 December 1156), also known as Peter of Montboissier, abbot of the Benedictine abbey of Cluny, was born to Blessed Raingarde in Auvergne, France. He has been honored a...
Peter the Venerable - Wikipedia
Odo of Cluny
Odo of Cluny (French: Odon) (c. 878 – 18 November 942) was the second abbot of Cluny. He enacted various reforms in the Cluniac system of France and Italy. He is venerated as a Saint by the Catholic C...
Odo of Cluny - Wikipedia
Peter of Poitiers (secretary)
Peter of Poitiers was a monk who served as secretary (Latin: notarius) to Peter the Venerable, the ninth abbot of Cluny. Little is known of his life. Presumably he came from the French city of Poiti...
Peter of Poitiers (secretary) - Wikipedia
Dictatus papae
Dictatus papae is a compilation of 27 statements of powers arrogated to the Pope that was included in Pope Gregory VII's register under the year 1075. Some historians argue that it was written (or dic...
Dictatus papae - Wikipedia