Coal Wars
The Coal Wars, or the Coal Mine Wars, refer to a series of armed labor conflicts in the United States, roughly between 1890 and 1930. Although they occurred mainly in the East, particularly in Appalac...
Coal Wars - Wikipedia
Battle of Evarts
The Battle of Evarts is the name given to a mining strike and ensuing violence that occurred in Harlan County, Kentucky in 1931. In February 1931, The Harlan County Coal company cut wages for their em...
Paint Creek–Cabin Creek strike of 1912
The Paint Creek–Cabin Creek Strike, or the Paint Creek Mine War, was a confrontation between striking coal miners and coal operators in Kanawha County, West Virginia, centered on the area enclosed by ...
Bituminous Coal Miners' Strike of 1894
The bituminous coal miners' strike was an unsuccessful national eight-week strike by miners of bituminous coal in the United States, which began on April 21, 1894.The panic of 1893 hit the coal mining...
Colorado Coalfield War (1913–14)
The Colorado Coalfield War was a major labor uprising in Colorado between 1913 and 1914. It culminated in the Ludlow Strike, which ended as a massacre when the Colorado National Guard attacked a tent ...
Colorado Coalfield War (1913–14) - Wikipedia
Herrin massacre
The Herrin Massacre took place in June 1922 in Herrin, Illinois. Following an early morning gunfire attack on non-union miners going to work on June 21, three union miners (Jordie Henderson, Joseph Pi...
Columbine Mine massacre
The Columbine Mine massacre, sometimes called the Columbine massacre, occurred in 1927, in the town of Serene, Colorado. A fight broke out between Colorado state police and a group of striking coal mi...
Battle of Virden
The Battle of Virden, also known as the Virden Massacre, occurred on October 12, 1898, and was a labor union conflict in Virden, Illinois, involving the United Mine Workers of America. The battle left...
Battle of Virden - Wikipedia
Coal Strike of 1902
The Coal strike of 1902, also known as the anthracite coal strike, was a strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania. Miners were on strike aski...
Coal Strike of 1902 - Wikipedia
Illinois Coal Wars
The Illinois coal wars, also known as the Illinois mine wars and several other names, were a series of labor disputes between 1898 and 1900 in central and southern Illinois.The disputes were marked by...
Illinois Coal Wars - Wikipedia
Pana Massacre
The Pana riot, or Pana massacre, occurred on April 10, 1899, in Pana, Illinois, and resulted in the deaths of seven people. It was one of many similar labor conflicts in 1899 Illinois.
Striking wh...
Pana Massacre - Wikipedia
West Virginia Coal Wars
The West Virginia coal wars (1920–21), also known as the mine wars, arose out of a dispute between coal companies and miners.On May 19, 1920, a shootout in Matewan, West Virginia, between agents of th...
West Virginia Coal Wars - Wikipedia
Coal Creek War
The Coal Creek War was an armed labor uprising that took place primarily in Anderson County, in the American state of Tennessee, in the early 1890s. The struggle began in 1891 when coal mine owners i...
Coal Creek War - Wikipedia
Ludlow Massacre
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado,...
Ludlow Massacre - Wikipedia
1920 Alabama coal strike
The 1920 Alabama coal strike, or the Alabama miners' strike, was a statewide strike of the United Mine Workers of America against coal mine operators. The strike was marked by racial violence, and en...
Lattimer massacre
The Lattimer massacre was the violent deaths of 19 unarmed striking immigrant anthracite coal miners at the Lattimer mine near Hazleton, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1897. The miners, mostly of Poli...
Lattimer massacre - Wikipedia
Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910–1911
The Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910–1911, or the Westmoreland coal miners' strike, was a strike by coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers of America. The strike is also known as t...
Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910–1911 - Wikipedia
Harlan County War
The Harlan County War was a series of coal mining-related skirmishes, executions, bombings, and strikes (both attempted and realized) that took place in Harlan County, Kentucky, during the 1930s. The...
Harlan County War - Wikipedia
Battle of Blair Mountain
The Battle of Blair Mountain was one of the largest civil uprisings in United States history and the largest armed rebellion since the American Civil War. For five days in late August and early Septe...
Battle of Blair Mountain - Wikipedia
Hartford Coal Mine Riot
The Hartford coal mine riot occurred on July 12, 1914. In the early part of the 20th century, the coal fields in and around Hartford, Arkansas were some of the richest and most profitable in the world...