Coma
In medicine, a coma (from the Greek κῶμα koma, meaning "deep sleep") is a state of unconsciousness lasting more than six hours in which a person: cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painf...
Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
This 3D medical animation shows and explains the mechanism for mild traumatic brain injury, which includes concussion injuries. Two types of coup-contrecoup injury are shown: low-speed coup-countreco...
Man Wakes From Coma With Ability To Understand Health Insurance Policy
PARKER, CO—In what doctors are calling a true medical miracle, local construction worker Kal Mathyssen awoke from a week-long coma early Wednesday with the ability to fully comprehend his health insur...
The psychological impact of brain injury can be long-lasting
People who have had head injuries may experience depression and anxiety, poor impulse control, verbal or physical outbursts, lack of empathy, general apathy or a tendency toward risky behavior.
The Brains That are Tackling Football
The brains that come through Ann McKee’s lab don’t lie. But they are only the beginning of the story about head trauma and its role in neurodegenerative disease.
Why boredom is anything but boring
Implicated in everything from traumatic brain injury to learning ability, boredom has become extremely interesting to scientists.
Even The Elderly Can Recover From A Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
According to a study completed at the Helsinki University Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, even patients over the age of 75 may recover from severe traumatic brain injury. This is the first study ...
'Ghost Boy' Survives Over A Decade Trapped in His Body
Martin Pistorius was a healthy 12-year-old growing up in South Africa when he was diagnosed with a degenerative illness, he fell into a state where he was unable to move or communicate, but remained f...
Researchers Halt Brain Swelling At The Source
By turning off a single gene, scientists from the Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health (DMCBH) were able to stop fluid from accumulating in rodent brain cells. Caused by an infusion of water and...
Wife Refuses to Give Up on Husband in Coma After Crash - Then He Wakes Up
Danielle Josey Davis had been married only seven months when a devastating motorcycle accident left her husband on life support and in a coma. Doctors recommended letting Matt Davis die because there ...
Man Awakens After 12 Years in a "Vegetative State," Says "I Was Aware of Everything"
In the 1980’s, 12-year-old Martin Pistorious became seriously ill with what doctor’s believed was Cryptococci Meningitis. His health started deteriorating and Martin lost his ability to move, make eye...
Man in coma uses his thoughts to tell doctors, 'I'm not in pain'
Back in 2010, neuroscientists confirmed that it was possible to communicate with some patients locked in a vegetative state by using an fMRI scanner. Though limited, the breakthrough suggested that mo...
‘Hidden brain signatures’ of consciousness in vegetative state patients discovered
"Scientists in Cambridge, England have found hidden signatures in the brains of people in a vegetative state that point to networks that could support consciousness — even when a patient appears to be...
Diabetic coma
Diabetic coma is a reversible form of coma found in people with diabetes mellitus. It is a medical emergency.Three different types of diabetic coma are identified:In most medical contexts, the term di...
Induced coma
A barbiturate-induced coma, or barb coma, is a temporary coma (a deep state of unconsciousness) brought on by a controlled dose of a barbiturate drug, usually pentobarbital or thiopental. Barbiturate ...
Coma scale
A coma scale is a system to assess the severity of coma. There are several such systems:
The Glasgow Coma Scale is neurological scale which aims to give a reliable, objective way of recording the ...
Minimally conscious state
A minimally conscious state (MCS) is a disorder of consciousness distinct from persistent vegetative state and locked-in syndrome. Unlike persistent vegetative state, patients with MCS have partial pr...
Minimally conscious state - Wikipedia
Persistent vegetative state
A persistent vegetative state is a disorder of consciousness in which patients with severe brain damage are in a state of partial arousal rather than true awareness. It is a diagnosis of some uncertai...
Brain death
Brain death is the complete and irreversible loss of brain function (including involuntary activity necessary to sustain life). Brain death is one of the two ways of determination of death, according ...
Primary and secondary brain injury
Primary and secondary brain injury are ways to classify the injury processes that occur in brain injury. In traumatic brain injury (TBI), primary injury occurs during the initial insult, and results ...
Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale
The Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale (BrE) (also known as Pediatric Glasgow Coma Score (AmE) or simply PGCS) is the equivalent of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) used to assess the mental state of child pati...
Blantyre Coma Scale
The Blantyre coma scale is a modification of the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale, designed to assess malarial coma in children.It was designed by Drs. Terrie Taylor and Malcolm Molyneux in 1987, and name...
Jean-Dominique Bauby
Jean-Dominique Bauby ([ʒɑ̃ dɔminik bobi]; 23 April 1952 – 9 March 1997) was a well-known French journalist, author and editor of the French fashion magazine ELLE. He had two children with Sylvie de la...
Insulin shock therapy
Insulin shock therapy or insulin coma therapy (ICT) was a form of psychiatric treatment in which patients were repeatedly injected with large doses of insulin in order to produce daily comas over seve...
Insulin shock therapy - Wikipedia
Hepatic encephalopathy
Hepatic encephalopathy (also known as portosystemic encephalopathy) is the occurrence of confusion, altered level of consciousness, and coma as a result of liver failure. In the advanced stages it is ...
Hepatic encephalopathy - Wikipedia
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrati...
Traumatic brain injury - Wikipedia
Diffuse axonal injury
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a brain injury in which damage in the form of extensive lesions in white matter tracts occurs over a widespread area. DAI is one of the most common and devastating type...
Diffuse axonal injury - Wikipedia
Focal and diffuse brain injury
Focal and diffuse brain injury are ways to classify brain injury: focal injury occurs in a specific location, while diffuse injury occurs over a more widespread area. It is common for both focal and ...
Focal and diffuse brain injury - Wikipedia