Avicenna
Avicenna was a brilliant polymath and healer who lived in the East from 980-1037. He bundled the knowledge of his time and wrote 450 tractates. His Book of ...
Al-Kindi
Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (Arabic: أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي‎, Latin: Alkindus) (c. 801–873 CE), known as "the Philosopher of the Arabs", was an Iraqi M...
Al-Kindi - Wikipedia
Sophonias (commentator)
Sophonias (Greek: Σοφονίας; 13th–14th century) was a Byzantine monk who wrote commentaries or paraphrases of the works of Aristotle including De Anima, Sophistici Elenchi, Prior Analytics, a...
David Anhaght
David the Invincible (Classical Armenian: Դաւիթ Անյաղթ; Դավիթ Անհաղթ, Davit' Anhağt' ) was a 5th-century Armenian philosopher. He is best known as the author of several works including Definition...
David Anhaght - Wikipedia
Stephen of Alexandria
Stephen of Alexandria (Stephanus Alexandrinus, Stephanos of Alexandria) was a 7th-century Byzantine philosopher, astronomer and teacher. He was a public lecturer in the court of Heraclius (610-641 AD...
Andronicus of Rhodes
Andronicus of Rhodes (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος; fl. c. 60 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Rhodes who was also the head (scholarch) of the Peripatetic school. He is most famous for publishing a new editi...
Dexippus (philosopher)
Dexippus (Greek: Δέξιππος; fl. 350) was a Greek philosopher, a pupil of the Neoplatonist Iamblichus, belonging to the middle of the 4th century AD. He wrote commentaries on Plato and Aristotle of ...
Adrastus of Aphrodisias
Adrastus (Greek: Ἄδραστος; fl. 2nd century) of Aphrodisias was a Peripatetic philosopher who lived in the 2nd century AD. He was the author of a treatise on the arrangement of Aristotle's writing...
Adrastus of Aphrodisias - Wikipedia
Ignacio López de Ayala
Ignacio López de Ayala (1745 or 1750 in Cádiz - 24 April 1789 in Tarifa) was a writer, astronomer and historian.He was a professor of poetry at the Reales Estudios de San Isidro en Madrid in Madrid....
Olympiodorus the Younger
Olympiodorus the Younger (Greek: Ὀλύμπιόδωρος ὁ Νεώτερος; c. 495 – 570) was a Neoplatonist philosopher, astrologer and teacher who lived in the early years of the Byzantine Empire, after Justinian...
J. L. Ackrill
John Lloyd Ackrill FBA (30 December 1921 – 30 November 2007) was an English philosopher and classicist who specialized in Ancient Greek philosophy, especially the philosophy of Plato and Aristot...
Asclepius of Tralles
Asclepius of Tralles (Greek: Ἀσκληπιός; died c. 560–570) was a student of Ammonius Hermiae. Two works of his survive:Both works seem to be notes on the lectures conducted by Ammonius.
Themistius
Themistius (Greek: Θεμίστιος, Themistios; 317, Paphlagonia – c. 390 AD, Constantinople), named εὐφραδής (eloquent), was a statesman, rhetorician, and philosopher. He flourished in the reigns of Consta...
Michael of Ephesus
Michael of Ephesus or Michael Ephesius (Greek: Μιχαήλ Ἐφέσιος; fl. early or mid-12th century AD) wrote important commentaries on Aristotle, including the first full commentary on the Sophistical Refut...
Simplicius of Cilicia
Simplicius (/sɪmˈplɪʃiəs/; Greek: Σιμπλίκιος; c. 490 – c. 560) of Cilicia, was a disciple of Ammonius Hermiae and Damascius, and was one of the last of the Neoplatonists. He was among the pagan ph...
Simplicius of Cilicia - Wikipedia
Elias (commentator)
Elias (/ɪˈlaɪəs/; Greek: Ἠλίας; fl. 6th century) was a Greek scholar and a commentator on Aristotle and Porphyry. He was a pupil of Olympiodorus in Alexandria in the late-6th century. His name suggest...
Albertus Magnus
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (before 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known ...
Albertus Magnus - Wikipedia
Boethus of Sidon
Boethus of Sidon (Greek: Βόηθος; c. 75 – c. 10 BC) was a Peripatetic philosopher from Sidon, who lived towards the end of the 1st century BC.As he was a disciple of Andronicus of Rhodes, he must h...
Boethus of Sidon - Wikipedia
Porphyry (philosopher)
Porphyry of Tyre (/ˈpɔrfəri/; Greek: Πορφύριος, Porphyrios; c. 234 – c. 305 AD) was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was born in Tyre. He edited and published the Enneads, the only collection of the work...
Porphyry (philosopher) - Wikipedia
Avicenna
Avicenna (/ˌævəˈsɛnə/; Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (Persian: پور سینا / ابن سینا‎‍; Arabic: ابن سینا‎‍), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ib...
Avicenna - Wikipedia
Boethius
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius (/boʊˈiːθiəs/; also Boetius /boʊˈiːʃəs/; c. 480–524 AD), was a philosopher of the early 6th century. He was born in Rome to the ancien...
Boethius - Wikipedia
Al-Farabi
Al-Farabi (/ˌælfəˈrɑːbi/; Persian: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) , known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 87...
Al-Farabi - Wikipedia
John Philoponus
John Philoponus (/fɨˈlɒpənəs/; Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος; c. 490 – c. 570; also known as John the Grammarian or John of Alexandria) was an Alexandrian philologist, Aristotelian commentator and Christi...
David W. Hamlyn
David Walter Hamlyn (1 October 1924 – 15 July 2012) was Professor of Philosophy at Birkbeck College, London (1964–1988), and editor of Mind (1972–1984). His major interests were in A...
Damascius
Damascius (/dəˈmæʃəs/; Greek: Δαμάσκιος, c. 458 – after 538), known as "the last of the Neoplatonists," was the last scholarch of the School of Athens. He was one of the pagan philosophers perse...
Gaetano da Thiene (philosopher)
Gaetano da Thiene (1387–1465) was a Renaissance philosopher and physician who was born and lived in Padua. A student of Paul of Venice, Gaetano, like his teacher, held an Averroist interpretation of A...
David (commentator)
David (Greek: Δαυΐδ; fl. 6th century) was a Greek scholar and a commentator on Aristotle and Porphyry. He may have come from Thessaly, but in later times he was confused with an Armenian of the sa...
Theodore Metochites
Theodore Metochites (Greek: Θεόδωρος Μετοχίτης, 1270–1332) was a Byzantine statesman, author, gentleman philosopher, and patron of the arts. From c. 1305 to 1328 he held the position of personal a...
Theodore Metochites - Wikipedia