Communism and religion
The founder and primary theorist of Marxism, the nineteenth-century German thinker Karl Marx, had an ambivalent and complex attitude to religion, viewing it primarily as "the opium of the people" that...
Communism and religion - Wikipedia
THIS Country Just Handed A Some Very Bad News To The Muslim Community
After the horrific and tragic attacks in Paris on journalists by Islamic radicals, countries around the world are having to consider citizens safety in relation to religious freedom.
Opium of the people
"Religion is the opium of the people" is one of the most frequently paraphrased statements of German economist Karl Marx. It was translated from the German original, "Die Religion ... ist das Opium de...
State atheism
State atheism is the official promotion of atheism by a government. In contrast, a secular state purports to be officially neutral in matters of religion, supporting neither religion nor irreligion. ...
State atheism - Wikipedia
Religion in Albania
Albania is constitutionally a secular country, and as such, "neutral in questions of belief and conscience". The most common religions practiced in Albania are Islam and Christianity.Religious observa...
Religion in Albania - Wikipedia
Enver Hoxha
Enver Halil Hoxha ([ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa]; 16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was the socialist leader of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour...
Enver Hoxha - Wikipedia
Religion in China
China has long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world. Confucianism and Taoism, plus Buddhism, constitute the "three teachings", philoso...
Religion in China - Wikipedia
Christian communism
Christian communism is a form of religious communism based on Christianity. It is a theological and political theory based upon the view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support...
Christian communism - Wikipedia
Socialism and Islam
Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to describe a more spiritual form of socialism. Muslim socialists believe that the teachings of the Qur'an and Muhammad—especially zakāt—...
Anarchism and Islam
Islamic anarchism is based on an interpretation of Islam as "submission to God" which either prohibits or is highly critical of the role of human authority.
Throughout Islamic history there have b...
Jewish left
The term "Jewish left" describes Jews who identify with or support left wing, occasionally liberal causes, consciously as Jews, either as individuals or through organizations. There is no one organiza...
Labor Zionism
Labor Zionism or Socialist Zionism (Hebrew: צִיּוֹנוּת סוֹצְיָאלִיסְטִית, translit. tsionut sotsialistit) can be described as the major stream of the left wing of the Zionist movement. It was, for man...
Anarchism and Orthodox Judaism
This article describes some views of notable Orthodox Jewish figures who supported anarchism, as well as various themes within the scope of the Orthodox Jewish tradition or among the practicing Orthod...
Way of Former Heaven
The Xiantiandao (Chinese: 先天道; pinyin: Xiāntiān Dào; literally: "Way of the Original Heaven"; Vietnamese: Tiên Thiên Đạo, Japanese: Sentendō), also simply Tiandao (Chinese: 天道; pinyin&...
Way of Former Heaven - Wikipedia
Khmer Rouge rule of Cambodia
The Khmer Rouge period (1975–1979) refers to the rule of Pol Pot, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, Khieu Samphan and the Communist Party of Kampuchea over Cambodia, which the Khmer Rouge renamed as Demo...
Khmer Rouge rule of Cambodia - Wikipedia
Eldad ha-Dani
Eldad ha-Dani or Eldad HaDani or Eldad ben Mahli ha-Dani (Hebrew: אלדד הדני‎) was a Jewish, Hebrew-writing merchant and traveler of the ninth century. He professed to be a citizen of an "indepen...
Islam in China
Islam in China has existed through 1,400 years of continuous interaction with Chinese society. Currently, there are Muslims living in every region of China. Various sources estimate different numbers...
Islam in China - Wikipedia
Marxism and religion
The founder and primary theorist of Marxism, the nineteenth-century German thinker Karl Marx, had an ambivalent and complex attitude to religion, viewing it primarily as "the opium of the people" that...
Marxism and religion - Wikipedia
Chinese Taoist Association
Chinese Taoist Association (CTA ; Chinese: 中国道教协会), founded in April 1957, is the main association of Taoism in the People's Republic of China. It is recognized as one of the main religious a...
Religion in Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia entered the communist era with a varied religious heritage. There were nine major creeds listed in its censuses: Roman Catholic, Uniate (Greek Catholic Church; preserving the Easte...
Dongbaism
The term dongba (Nakhi: ²dto¹mba, Chinese: 东巴; pinyin: dōngbā; literally: "Ba of the East") refers to priests of the Nakhi people of Southwest China, who are masters of traditional culture...
Dongbaism - Wikipedia
Plutarco Elías Calles
Plutarco Elías Calles ([pluˈtarko eˈli.as ˈkaʝes]; September 25, 1877 – October 19, 1945) was a Mexican general and politician. He was the powerful interior minister under President Álvaro Obregón, wh...
Plutarco Elías Calles - Wikipedia
Persecution of Muslims
Persecution of Muslims is the religious persecution inflicted upon the followers of the Islamic faith. This page lists incidents of ethnic cleansing in both medieval and modern history in which Muslim...
Persecution of Muslims - Wikipedia
United Order
In the Latter Day Saint movement, the United Order (also called the United Order of Enoch) was one of several 19th-century church collectivist programs. Early versions of the Order beginning in 1831 a...
Albanian nationalism
Albanian nationalism is a general grouping of nationalist ideas and concepts among ethnic Albanians that were first formed in the beginning of the 19th century in what was called the Albanian National...
Essenes
The Essenes (in Modern Hebrew: אִסִּיִים, Isiyim; Greek: Εσσήνοι, Εσσαίοι, or Οσσαίοι, Essḗnoi, Essaíoi, Ossaíoi) were a sect of Second Temple Judaism that flourished from the 2nd century BCE to the 1...
Essenes - Wikipedia
Christianity and slavery
Christian views on slavery are varied both regionally and historically. Slavery in various forms has been a part of the social environment for much of Christianity's history, spanning well over eighte...
Christianity and slavery - Wikipedia
Calles Law
The Calles' Law, or Law for Reforming the Penal Code, was a reform of the penal code in Mexico under the presidency of Plutarco Elías Calles. The code reinforced strong restrictions against clerics an...
Calles Law - Wikipedia
History of Islam in China
The history of Islam in China began when four Ṣaḥābā—Sa‘d ibn Abī Waqqās (594–674), Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and Jahsh preached in 616/17 and onwards in China after coming from Chittagong-Kamrup-Manipur ...
History of Islam in China - Wikipedia
Buddhism and Eastern religions
Buddhism has interacted with several East Asian religious traditions since it spread from India during the 2nd century AD.
Confucianism in particular raised fierce opposition to Buddhism in early ...