Community ecology
In ecology, a community or biocoenosis is an assemblage or associations of populations of two or more different species occupying the same geographical area and in a particular time. The term communit...
Community ecology - Wikipedia
Biological interaction
Biological interactions are the effects that the organisms in a community have on one another. In the natural world no organism exists in absolute isolation, and thus every organism must interact with...
Biological interaction - Wikipedia
Ecological succession
Ecological succession is the observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time. The time scale can be decades (for example, after a wildfire), or even millions o...
Ecological succession - Wikipedia
Autogenic succession
In ecology, autogenic succession is succession driven by the biotic components of an ecosystem. In contrast, allogenic succession is driven by the abiotic components of the ecosystem.
The plants t...
Appalachian balds
In the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States, balds are mountain summits or crests covered primarily by thick vegetation of native grasses or shrubs occurring in areas where heavy forest ...
Appalachian balds - Wikipedia
Moss
Mosses are small flowerless plants that usually grow in dense green clumps or mats, in damp or shady locations. The individual plants are usually composed of simple, one-cell thick leaves, covering a ...
Moss - Wikipedia
Allogenic succession
In ecology, allogenic succession is succession driven by the abiotic components of an ecosystem. In contrast, autogenic succession is driven by the biotic components of the ecosystem. An allogenic suc...
Ecological effects of biodiversity
The diversity of species and genes in ecological communities affects the functioning of these communities. These ecological effects of biodiversity in turn affect both climate change through enhanced ...
Presociality
Sociality is the degree to which individuals in an animal population tend to associate in social groups and form cooperative societies.Sociality is a survival response to evolutionary pressures. For e...
Presociality - Wikipedia
Colony (biology)
In biology, a colony refers to individual organisms of the same species living closely together, usually for mutual benefit, such as stronger defense or the ability to attack bigger prey. Some insects...
Storage effect
The storage effect is a coexistence mechanism proposed in the ecological theory of species coexistence, which tries to explain how such a wide variety of similar species are able to coexist within the...
Colonisation (biology)
Colonisation or colonization is the process in biology by which a species spreads to new areas. Colonisation often refers to successful immigration where a population becomes integrated into a communi...
Generalized Lotka–Volterra equation
The generalized Lotka–Volterra equations are a set of equations which are more general than either the competitive or predator-prey examples of Lotka–Volterra types. They can be used to m...
Ruderal species
A ruderal species is a plant species that is first to colonize disturbed lands. The disturbance may be natural – for example, wildfires or avalanches – or a consequence ...
Ruderal species - Wikipedia
Competitive Lotka–Volterra equations
The competitive Lotka–Volterra equations are a simple model of the population dynamics of species competing for some common resource. They can be further generalised to include trophic interactions.<...
Competitive Lotka–Volterra equations - Wikipedia
Xerosere
Xerosere is a plant succession which is limited by water availability. It includes the different stages in a xerarch succession. Xerarch succession of ecological communities originated in extremely dr...
Xerosere - Wikipedia
Seral communities
A seral community (or sere) is an intermediate stage found in ecological succession in an ecosystem advancing towards its climax community. In many cases more than one seral stage evolves until climax...
Seral communities - Wikipedia
Noosphere
The noosphere (/ˈnoʊ.əsfɪər/; sometimes noösphere) is the sphere of human thought. The word derives from the Greek νοῦς (nous "mind") and σφαῖρα (sphaira "sphere"), in lexical analogy to "atmosphere"...
Lindisfarne Association
The Lindisfarne Association (1972–2012) was a group of intellectuals of diverse interests organized by cultural historian William Irwin Thompson for the "study and realization of a new planetary cult...
Lindisfarne Association - Wikipedia
Niche apportionment models
Mechanistic models for niche apportionment are biological models used to explain relative species abundance distributions. These models describe how species break up resource pool in multi-dimensiona...
Niche apportionment models - Wikipedia
Gradient analysis
Gradient analysis or ordination is an empirical analytical method used in plant community ecology to relate the abundances of various species in a plant community to various environmental gradients by...
Association (ecology)
In community ecology and phytosociology an association is a type of ecological community with a predictable species composition, consistent physiognomy (structural appearance) which occurs in a partic...
Species discovery curve
In ecology, the species discovery curve or species accumulation curve is a graph recording the cumulative number of species of living things recorded in a particular environment as a function of the c...
Metaman
Metaman: The Merging of Humans and Machines into a Global Superorganism (ISBN 067170723X) is a 1993 book by author Gregory Stock. The title refers to a superorganism comprising humanity and its techn...
Secondary succession
Secondary succession is one of the two types of ecological succession of plant life. As opposed to the first, primary succession, secondary succession is a process started by an event (e.g. forest fir...
Secondary succession - Wikipedia
Sods
Sods is a term used in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia for a mountain top meadow or bog, in an area that is otherwise generally forested. The term is similar (perhaps identical) to th...
Sods - Wikipedia
Metasystem transition
A metasystem transition is the emergence, through evolution, of a higher level of organization or control. Prime examples are the origin of life, the transition from unicellular to multicellular organ...
Frederic Clements
Frederic Edward Clements (September 16, 1874 - July 26, 1945) was an American plant ecologist and pioneer in the study of vegetation succession.
Born in Lincoln, Nebraska, he studied botany at th...
The Lucifer Principle
The Lucifer Principle book by Howard Bloom, sees social groups, not individuals, as the primary "unit of selection," on genes and human psychological development. It states that both competition betwe...
The Lucifer Principle - Wikipedia